Super pest – Diamondback Moth

Diamondback moth originated in Europe has a global distribution and are found in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, New Zealand, and the Hawaiian Islands. The species belonging to Plutella genus are small greyish-brown moth sometimes has a cream-colored band that forms a diamond along its back. Hence the name Diamondback Moth.

The moth having short life cycle of nearly 14 days bears the capability of migrating over long distances. Diamondback moth usually feeds on the leaves of cruciferous crops and plants that produce glucosinolates. They deposit their eggs on host plants with larval infestation. All the plants are not useful for these moths as host plants as the larvae fails to survive. Hence the plants which produce glucosinolates are selected as host plants by this super pest diamondback moth.

Here are some of the evidence of the plants being considered as host plants leading to several damages to crop and crop yield.

UK brussels sprout harvest hit by ‘super-pest’ moths

Wednesday 7 December 2016,  Published in The Guardian

Love them or loathe them, they are a staple part of the Christmas dinner. However, consumers shopping for sprouts this year could have less choice than usual after some British-grown crops were ravaged by “super-pest” moths during the summer.

The problem has arisen as a result of an explosion in the numbers of diamondback moths arriving in the UK from Europe, which can cause huge damage to crops such as sprouts, cabbages and cauliflowers as they are resistant to most insecticides.

Growers reported problems in the Channel Islands but this week some growers in Lincolnshire – which supplies almost two-thirds of all sprouts produced in the country – reported losses of up to 60%.

Bad news for farmers, good news for children: Brussels sprouts crop faces Christmas ruin

By Leon Watson, 30 NOVEMBER 2016, Published in the Telegraph news

For some, it threatens to ruin Christmas; for others, perhaps of younger generations, it is the promise of joyous relief.

Brussels sprouts could be off the menu this year as the crop could be ruined by a plague of immigrant moths invading the UK.

Supplies of the vegetable are already running low after several farmers’ festive crops were decimated by armies of the cabbage-loving diamondback insects.

The moth especially likes to munch on Brassica plants, which include cabbages, cauliflower, and broccoli. And it has become increasingly resistant to available insecticides.

The agriculture industry has been trying to find biological and natural ways to eliminate the diamondback moth especially since the moths have become resistant to pesticides. Common enemies of the moth include the parasitoids or lacewings. Lacewings feed on eggs and young larvae, while the parasitoids only feed on the eggs.

It has been stated that “the insect diamondback moths, notorious among farmers as pests that cause $4 to $5 billion of damage a year worldwide.”

And In the Horticulture Week it has beed stated as “non-native arrival to the US, the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) is the world’s most damaging agricultural pest of brassica crops, costing US farmers over $4 billion yearly in crop losses and control management.”

To stop the infestation originally, pesticides were used to kill the moths but diamondbacks have developed resistance to many of the common chemicals. For this reason, different biological, cultural, and chemical controls are being developed to reduce the destruction caused by the moths but proven to be ineffective.

Hence need a solution which gives complete protection to crops from these pesky pests.

CTech Corporation provides you with value add product called as Termirepel™  which is an anti-insect aversive. Termirepel™    is manufactured on the basis of green technology. It is durable at extreme climatic conditions such as changes in temperature, rainfall, pressure etc.

Our product is ROHS, ROHS2, ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:1996 complaint and FIFRA exempted. Our product will not kill the targeted as well as non-targeted species but only repel the pests which help in maintaining the ecological balance of the earth.

Termirepel™   is available in three basic forms: Masterbatch, liquid concentrate and lacquer.

Termirepel™   Masterbatch is specially made for polymeric applications and used as additives in their processing time.

Termirepel™   Liquid concentrate is to be mixed in paints in proper proportion and Termirepel™  Lacquer form can be directly applied on the applications such as fences, pipes, wires, cables, etc.

Agricultural equipment can be covered by our Termirepel™  product and have an effective protection against these pesky diamondback moths. The crops which are suitable to cover by plastic bags/covers can be applied by our product.

The horticultural equipment can be incorporated by our product for getting best results. The green house films, yards, fences, tree guards, films, etc. can be used as a protecting tool against Diamondback moths by incorporating them by our product Termirepel™.

For knowing the usage of our product to protect the crops from The Super pest – Diamondback moths you can visit our following websites and contact us:

www.ctechcorporation.com

www.combirepel.com

www.rodrepel.com

www.termirepel.com

https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/?ref=bookmarks

TermirepelTM against pesky little fire ants

Fire ants are some of the extremely dangerous and damaging ant species. They not only destroy property and habitats but are equally dangerous to all animals including humans & pets.

Fire ant is the common name for several species of ants in the genus Solenopsis. They are, however, only a minority in the genus, which includes over 200 species of Solenopsis worldwide.

Red fire ants are generally omnivorous, feeding on proteins, honeydew, seeds and most foods found in homes. Fire ants range in color from red-brown to black, and grow up to 1/4 inch in length. They build nests or mounds about 1 foot high, usually in grassy areas like lawns and pastures. Unlike most anthills, fire ant nests have no single entrance.

As the temperature rises and conditions become dry, fire ants enter homes in search of food and water. This can cause problems ranging from the nuisance of finding ants in stored foods and potted plants to the real danger of stings-particularly multiple stings when fire ants climb onto sleeping inhabitants.

Fire ants are very aggressive and are voracious feeders on small ground fauna, including insects, spiders, lizards, frogs, birds and mammals.

Encounters with fire ants usually involve dozens of ants moving quickly and undetected. By the time they sting, there may be tens or hundreds of ants on your body, and they tend to all sting at once. Stings from fire ants can cause a painful, burning and itching sensation, which can last for an hour. Multiple stings give the sensation that the body is on fire.

In the United States, people in fire ant-infested areas have changed their habits to avoid exposure to the ant. Activities such as mowing and gardening could also result in ant stings.

The impact of fire ants is not restricted to people. Pets and domestic animals can also be stung and injured, and may have allergic reactions or be blinded by exposure to the venom.

Fire ants could seriously affect the vegetation communities in natural areas. Their habit of eating or damaging seeds could alter the ratios of the various seeds available to develop, which could significantly change an ecosystem over time. Fire ants also predate or disturb the insects and animals that pollinate native plants, which may also cause long-term changes to the vegetation of our bushland areas.

Mounds formed by fire ant nests can be a serious problem in lawns, sporting fields and golf courses, which could have economic impacts. The ants’ activities and nesting materials can cause expensive damage to sensitive electrical equipment. They chew on insulation and can cause short circuits or interfere with switching mechanisms. Air conditioners, traffic signal boxes, and other devices can be damaged.

Fire ants can significantly affect the agriculture industry. Newborn or hatching animals are particularly prone to attacks that can lead to death. The ants can make it impossible for animals to reach food or water without being seriously stung, which can lead to starvation and dehydration.

Fire ants often feed on seeds, and can fatally damage some plants by tunnelling through roots and stems.

Mound-building behaviour can interrupt or destroy equipment, such as irrigation systems, and can also damage machinery during harvesting operations.

Let us have a look at some news articles:

Killer fire ants INVASION: Warning over global spread as deadly swarms invade

By Stuart Winter, Aug 7, 2017

Both Japan and Australia are today mounting operations to stop red imported fire ants getting a stranglehold in a worldwide invasion that has left 80 people dead.

The fire ants – abbreviated to RIFA and the with the scientific name of Solenopsis invicta – have already left their marks on thousands across North and South America as well as China and Taiwan.

So far, there has been only one sting victim in Japan but this has not stopped the authorities launching a full-scale hunt and eradication operation at ports around the country where the ants may have arrived from China.

It has already exterminated clusters discovered in seven major ports, including Tokyo and Osaka, and is setting traps and carrying out search and elimination missions at another 68 sites.

More than 500 ants were found at Yokohama last month as well larvae and pupae – a worrying sign that the ants are breeding on Japanese soil only two months after they were first discovered in the country.

Fire Ants Almost Kill 13-Year-Old Boy

June 15, 2009, Fox News

Patrick Dodson, 13, and his mother, Donna Dodson, learned that one Sunday afternoon in March while doing yard work at their Central home.

Patrick Dodson fetched a bag of mulch made from a tree blown down by Hurricane Gustav in September. It tore open as he headed to the flower beds, and his leg was covered in hundreds of ants.

Patrick’s mother washed the ants off his leg, applied an antihistamine cream.

But 20 minutes later, Patrick came to her with a flushed face and swollen lips and nose. Donna Dodson took him to an after-hours clinic, where he passed out while she was filling out paperwork.

He came to in the exam room, got a shot and passed out again. The clinic called an ambulance to take him to the emergency room.

“The venom from the ants just shut his body down,” Donna Dodson said. Doctors at Baton Rouge General Medical Center gave him intravenous fluids to flush out the venom. His blood pressure kept dropping. His heart stopped beating twice.

The most common tool used to manage fire ants are insecticides. However, besides being extremely toxic and harmful to the environment, and do not effectively solve the insect problem. Moreover, studies show that the more exposed the fire ants is to the insecticide, the more resistant the fire ant will be. Therefore the insects know that it is hazardous to them with their sensory cue and learns to avoid.

C Tech Corporation has come up with a solution to combat fire ants menace. Termirepel™ is a low-toxic, non-hazardous termite repellent which has been designed for various applications as well as natural materials like wood. It is a unique blend of green chemistry and smart technology which acts as an effective repellent and at the same time guarantees safety to the environment, plants, animals and ecosystem.

It is durable at extreme climatic conditions such as changes in temperature, rainfall, etc. Our product is ROHS, ROHS2, ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:1996 complaint and FIFRA exempted.

Termirepel™ does not kill but only keep the ants away by making use of their sensory mechanisms. Aggressive species are further deterred from attacking by advanced mechanisms like Aversion, feeding disruption, oviposition deterrence, growth inhibition, mating disruption, chemo sterilization. This further modifies the response of insects towards the Termirepel™ containing products which makes them to stay away from the application.

Talk to us, for any problems with insects, animals or both!!!!

WE HAVE A SOLUTION FOR YOU!!!!!

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www.termirepel.com

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Grasshoppers – Threat to the crops!

Grasshoppers, the ground dwelling insects are the real threats to your crops. They belong to suborder Caelifera which are the plant eaters and considered as serious pests of cereals, vegetables and pasture, especially when they swarm in their millions as locusts and destroy crops over wide areas.

Grasshoppers have brilliant skill of protection i.e. through Camouflage they protect themselves from predators. This leads to significant increase in population which also depends upon the weather. When the populations are large many locusts and swarming grasshoppers emigrate from their habitat.

Thus the emigration can cause severe destruction to your crops and following are some recent evidences experienced.

Central Australian quandong harvest significantly down due to grasshopper influx

By Katrina Beavan

Posted Monday 18 September, 2017 | Rural News

A Central Australian quandong grower says yields are significantly down this year, thanks to the high amount of grasshoppers in the area over summer.

Gunnar Nielsen, who grows the fruit on his block in Alice Springs, said the influx of the insects in the area in January destroyed many of the trees, some of which did not recover.

“[The grasshoppers] were really hard on all the trees, they scoffed all the leaves, and the trees have been flat out recovering.

“That’s just how it goes, when the grasshoppers eat [the] leaves and flowers then we have a bad year.

Grasshoppers, thrips threaten Panhandle crops

Kay Ledbetter, Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

AMARILLO – Two insects threatening Texas Panhandle crops may require treatment, but definitely need to be monitored in young cotton, corn and sorghum crops, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service specialist.

Dr. Ed Bynum, AgriLife Extension entomologist in Amarillo, said early stages of grasshoppers are emerging in the northwestern area of the Panhandle, and thrips are showing up on young cotton.

Numerous organophosphates, pyrethroids, and other classes of insecticides are labeled for grasshopper control in field crops, such as alfalfa, corn, cotton, sorghum and soybeans. Each product is labeled for specific crops or non-cropland usage and should be consulted before use, he said.

Bynum said the organophosphate and pyrethroids products are neurotoxins and will provide fast knockdown and kill, but they also are more harmful to beneficial insects and will cause outbreaks of spider mites.

As for thrips, Bynum said now that cotton has been planted for at least a couple of weeks, insecticide seed treatments may start losing their effectiveness.

The news articles depict the grasshopper nuisance created in the agriculture sector.

Let’s see how they damage crops.

Grasshoppers are general feeders on grasses and weeds and often move to cultivated crops. Crop damage is likely to be greatest in years when dry weather accompanies high populations. Drought conditions reduce natural vegetation, forcing grasshoppers to move to cultivated crops.

The damage that grasshoppers cause appears as round to ragged holes in the leaves. These ragged holes extend in from the leaf margins and between the veins. Grasshoppers may also feed on and damage soybean pods, often chewing through the pod tissue into the seed. This may be a serious problem in dry years.

There are different types of grasshoppers and accordingly the host plants vary. Here are some of them mentioned below:

The Clear-winged grasshopper is mainly a grass feeder. Economic damage is primarily to cereals, especially wheat and barley. Clear-winged and migratory grasshoppers have together destroyed areas of range grass and hay almost entirely.

The Packard’s grasshopper prefers herbs to grasses; it causes little damage to range land, but will damage field and garden crops and legume pastures. It feeds on leaves, stems and flowers of many plants. Cereals and alfalfa are heavily attacked.

The Two-striped grasshoppers feed on grasses and broad-leaved plants. The broad-leaved plants are necessary for maximum growth. They prefer the lush growth around edges of streams, marshes and cultivated fields. Hosts include weeds and most crops, especially alfalfa and vegetables, and occasionally trees and shrubs.

The migratory grasshopper is one of the most destructive pests in western Canada. Outbreaks can lead to costly losses for grain growers. This species attacks both field and garden crops, especially cereals, tomato, celery, onion and carrot.

According to the crop report – Aug 17, 2017: The Grasshopper invasion in crops are as following:

In Northwest region, Grasshoppers are 49 percent moderate and 11 percent over the threshold population.

In Peace, The grasshopper population is 8 percent moderate and 4 percent over the threshold.

To get rid of these pesky grasshoppers we have an ecofriendly solution!!!

CTech Corporation provides you with Termirepel™ which is an anti-insect aversive. Termirepel™  is manufactured on the basis of green technology. It is durable at extreme climatic conditions such as changes in temperature, rainfall, water pressure etc.

Our product is ROHS, ROHS2, ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:1996 complaint and FIFRA exempted. Our product will not kill the targeted as well as non-targeted species but only repel which helps in maintaining the ecological balance of the earth.

Termirepel™ is available in three basic forms: Masterbatch, liquid concentrate and lacquer.

Termirepel™ Masterbatch is specially made for polymeric applications and used as additives in their processing time.

Termirepel™ Liquid concentrate is to be mixed in paints in proper proportion and Termirepel™ Lacquer form can be directly applied on the applications such as fences, pipes, wires, cables, etc.

Agricultural equipment can be covered by our Termirepel™  product and have an effective protection against these pesky grasshoppers. The crops which are suitable to cover by plastic bags/covers can be applied by our product.

For further assistance you can contact us and get help through our following websites:

www.ctechcorporation.com

www.combirepel.com

www.rodrepel.com

www.termirepel.com

Are transgenic crop the future..??

For thousands of year, cotton has been significant crop in India contributing to its rich history of textiles. Despite the agricultural legacy cotton farmer faced many challenges such as serious pest attack impacting crop yield. 90% of the cotton farmers experienced significant crop damage due to an insect called cotton bollworm. The cotton bollworm also called as corn earworm or sorghum head worm is a serious pest to the cotton plant.

In 2002 Bt. cotton was introduced in India dramatically changing the future of cotton production in India. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a bacterium that occurs naturally in the soil and produces proteins that kill certain insects. Through biotechnology, scientists used these naturally occurring Bt proteins to develop insect-protected crops that help farmers protect against insect damage and destruction. When targeted insects eat the plant containing the protein, they ultimately die.

But in the recent years, there have been articles flooding of Transgenic Bt cotton plants that have a build up a resistance to the lethal protein and are being attacked by bollworms.

The potential of pests to develop resistance against the defense mechanisms of crops is well-known and is not unique to genetically engineered plants. Insects may develop resistance to a crop defense no matter how it was developed. The crop defense might be a chemical or biological agent, a gene already in the crop species and transferred to commercial plants by conventional plant breeding methods, or a gene introduced by recombinant DNA technology. Because more than 500 insects and mites already have acquired resistance to a number of insecticides, there is concern that similar resistance to Bt toxins could develop.

Several major pests, including the tobacco budworm, Colorado potato beetle, Indian mealmoth and diamondback moth, have demonstrated the ability to adapt. It has been reported that the diamond backmoth evolved high levels of resistance in the field as a result of repeated use of Bt. As Bt use increases on more acres, some scientists have predicted that insect resistance to Bt will be a major problem. Considerable controversy exists about how Bt should be managed to prolong its usefulness.

Bt resistance in pink bollworm is caused by changes to a gut protein called cadherin. In susceptible insects, cadherin binds to the Bt toxin, eventually leading to the death of the insect. When mutations in the gene encoding cadherin block this binding, the insect becomes resistant.

There were only two benefits of Bt cotton. One, it controls bollworm, due to which the yield is protected. Two, it reduces the use of insecticides meant for bollworm control but after bollworm developed resistance to the Bt. Cotton. The genetically modified method has to be given a second thought.

Let us have a look at some evidence of the damage caused by these pests.

Bt. cotton falling to pest, Maharashtra tensed

Jul 5, 2017

This article was published by Ms. Bhavika Jain in Times of India.

MUMBAI: Genetically modified or Bt cotton is no longer resistant to pink bollworm a major pest in Maharashtra, prompting the state government to write to the Union government to seek its intervention.

A research report by Dr. K R Kranthi, former director of Central Institute of Cotton Research (CICR), shows that pink bollworm has developed resistance to Bollgard-II Bt cotton not only in Maharashtra but other cotton-growing states as well. Bollgard-II is the Bt hybrid variety that was introduced in 2010.

Bijay Kumar, principal secretary, agriculture department, said, “There are nearly 85 private Bt cotton seed-producing companies in the state and we have been getting several complaints of crop failure from farmers.”

The issue assumes significance given that Maharashtra is the largest cotton-growing state in the country. Nearly 40 lakh hectares or 35% of the cultivatable area is under cotton production. Nearly 96% cotton-growing farmers in the state use BG-II Bt cotton seeds for cultivation.

Last year, nearly 90% of cotton farms in Jalna were affected and farmers had approached the state government seeking compensation for the losses they had incurred. It could not do much, though. The state government has found itself in a tight spot and asked the Union government to denotify  Bt cotton seed varieties prone to pink bollworm. The government also wants the Centre to undertake an awareness campaign across the state on failed resistance of the Bt variety to pests so that farmers can make an informed choice. Pink bollworm is a small, thin, gray moth with fringed wings-the most damaging of all pests that attack cotton crop in the country. The female moth lays eggs on cotton balls and larvae emerge only to destroy entire fields by chewing through the cotton lint to feed on seeds.

Cotton crop hit by severe pest attack in South Punjab

September 26, 2017

MULTAN: The Cotton crop has entered a critical stage in South Punjab as a number of sucking and chewing pests have attacked the crop.

In most of the fields, whitefly and pink bollworm have damaged the crops inflicting losses of millions of rupees. These pests should be controlled as early as possible so that cotton crop can be saved from a considerable loss in final yield.

This was said by Agricultural Information Assistant Director Naveed Asmat Kahloon in Multan on Monday. He was speaking to representatives of electronic and print media in his office.

He said that the teams of agriculture departments conducted pest scouting in the fields on daily basis. The hot spots of pests, especially whitefly, thrips and pink bollworm were being observed in the fields.

He added that symptom of pink bollworm attack was an appearance of rosette flowers. “The rosette flowers must be plucked and destroyed as early as possible,” he pointed out.

He pointed out that if farmers apply pesticides against pink bollworm before its attack, it would promote whitefly infestation and create resistance in other pests against the pesticides.

The official advised farmers to apply pesticides against pink bollworm after pest scouting by some experts. “In case it is found to have reached ETL then farmers should apply pesticides after consulting agriculture officials,” he said.

To counter the problem, the Punjab Agriculture Research Board and the Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) inked an agreement for kicking off projects worth Rs75 million to manage the threat posed by whitefly and pink bollworm that inflict a loss of billions to the national economy.

To combat this we need to find a new technology without modifying the plant. The solution to this problem is with CTech Corporation. Our product TermirepelTM is based on Mother Nature gift of sense bestowed to these insects. Our product does not kill the target species but only repels it. Our technology is based on the ancient Vedas with the modern technology.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco-balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product can be easily used against bollworm. Our products are available in the form of a masterbatch which can be included in the agricultural cover film, mulches, wraps, greenhouse film etc. Liquid Concentrate and lacquer can be applied as a topical application.

Nothing in life is as smooth as the airplane runway. There are bound to be hurdles and bumps in our way. But how we tackle them defines our success.

The little critters: Midges

They are often mistaken as mosquitoes because of their similar size and body shape. They are tiny flying insects with a wingspan of 2-3 mm. They are also called as the blind mosquitoes.
Guess who are those?
  Those are the midges!

These little critters are tiny flies, about the size of a pinhead.

Male midges tend to have feathery antennae, something not seen on mosquitoes. Also, they rest with their two front legs hovering above the surface.

Midges can be found on along the coast, shores, and beds of any body of water. They are also found around ponds or streams in late afternoon and evening in swarms that produce a humming sound. Midges may breed in water or manure or under tree bark. They lay their eggs in shallow waters and worm-like larvae are hatched.

Due to their poor flying ability, they are often at the mercy of wind currents and can be blown into backyards. For this reason, they may be considered a nuisance to homeowners. They may take shelters under soffits, eaves etc.

They easily get attracted to artificial lights at night and thus are attracted towards many homes. Spiders are their predators which get attracted to the places where midges are found.

Only the female midges bite. They need a protein-rich meal of fresh blood in order to mature their eggs. Both the males and the females rely on sugar meals for energy for flight but the females need more than this to ensure the next generation. Female midges feed on the blood of birds as well as mammals. Each species has its own preferred choice of host. Most of the animals they bite are cattle, sheep, and deer but they can also feast on human skin, leaving an irritating bite mark that can swell up.

Biting midges are most active under calm conditions. They tend to bite around dawn and dusk but may continue to bite through the night. On overcast days they are also known to bite throughout the day. In order to develop more eggs, they need more protein and hunt down blood in order to boost their supplies.

When they bite, midges firstly pierce the skin before pumping saliva into the wound to stop the blood from clotting. It’s the saliva that then often produces a reaction in humans, which can lead to itchy red spots that can last minutes or days. In some extreme cases, people can also develop fluid-filled blisters and be swelling as a response to their midge bite. Most individuals are unaware they are being bitten at the time.

Midges are often thought to be a problem unique to Scotland but that is untrue as they can be found in many Northern areas of England and Wales and, thanks, climate change, they seem to be spreading even further South and East each year. Areas such as the Highlands and Western Scotland suffer the worst when compared to the rest of the country.

Below is the evidence where midges are found causing trouble to humans:

Experts warn HUNDREDS OF BILLIONS of midges set to swarm the north of Scotland

By Mike Merritt – 14th June 2017

The number of the biting critters is officially up 100 percent on last year with a second bumper hatch due in weeks.

An incredible 139 billion midges are in the Highlands and Islands – 44.8 million per person.

Now leading midge expert Dr. Alison Blackwell said one trap in Glencoe caught 1.3 million of the biting beasties last week – double the number in the same period last year when weekly catches were just 680,000.

Hogan pushes Kamenetz on money for midges

By Dresser Reporter –  The Baltimore Sun

Midges — those tiny swarming insects that drive people indoors — have become the latest subject of political jockeying between Gov. Larry Hogan and Baltimore County Executive Kevin Kamenetz.

On Wednesday, the Republican governor called on Kamenetz, a Democrat, to come up with $650,000 for a spraying program to combat the persistent midge nuisance on the Back River in the eastern part of the county.

Hogan, speaking during a meeting of the Board of Public Works, said his administration offered last week to pay half the cost of spraying the gnat-like insects this year and next if the county matches that sum.

This shows that such small creatures can cause a huge nuisance. This menace needs to be stopped. Also, the solution to stop the nuisance caused by the midges has to be effective and environment-friendly.

C Tech Corporation has a solution against midges menace.

We, at C Tech Corporation, have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™.  We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco-balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repel them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species of insects against which this product works.

This product can be easily used against a number of insects. It can be used in terms of lacquer as well as liquid form. It can be coated on the end applications and thus midges can be kept away from homes, buildings and other public places.

Pesticides in your Body

You might remember hearing the tragic news when 13 kids died in Dinajpur, Bangladesh when they had consumed highly toxic chemicals endosulfan which was sprayed on litchi orchards

….or when in Karnataka, India 34 sheep, including a few goats were found dead in Nrupathunga town, after they allegedly consumed water that contained traces of chemicals from pesticides.

Each time we hear about such tragic cases of pesticide poisoning, the obvious question is, “how can we prevent this from happening again?”

Pesticides are chemical substances that are meant to kill pests. In general, a pesticide is a chemical or a biological agent such as a virus, bacterium, antimicrobial, or disinfectant that deters, incapacitates, kills, pests.

This use of pesticides is so common that the term pesticide is often treated as synonymous with plant protection product. It is commonly used to eliminate or control a variety of agricultural pests that can damage crops and livestock and reduce farm productivity.

The most common of these are herbicides which account for approximately 80% of all pesticide use.

Most pesticides are intended to serve as plant protection products (also known as crop protection products), which in general, protect plants from weeds, fungi, or insects.

Target pests can include insects, plant pathogens, weeds, molluscs, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes(roundworms), and microbes that destroy property, cause nuisance, or spread disease, or are disease vectors.

Pesticides are highly toxic to humans and other species. According to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, 9 of the 12 most dangerous and persistent organic chemicals are organochlorine pesticides.

The toxic chemicals in these are designed to deliberately released into the environment. Though each pesticide is meant to kill a certain pest, but a very large percentage of pesticides reach a destination other than their target. Instead, they enter the air, water, sediments, and even end up in our food.

Pesticides have been linked with human health hazards, from short-term impacts such as headaches and nausea to chronic impacts like cancer, reproductive harm.

The use of these also decreases the general biodiversity in the soil. If there is no chemicals in the soil there is a higher soil quality, and this allows for higher water retention, which is necessary for plants to grow.

Let us look at the below news article that was published by Mr. Brett on futurity.org

Common pesticide may cause lung problems in kids.

August 16th, 2017

The most heavily used pesticide in California, elemental sulfur, may harm the respiratory health of children who live near farms that use it, new research suggests.

In a study of children in the Salinas Valley’s agricultural community, researchers found significant associations between elemental sulfur use and poorer respiratory health.

The study, which appears in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, linked reduced lung function, more asthma-related symptoms, and higher asthma medication use in children living about a half-mile or less from recent elemental sulfur applications compared to unexposed children.

The Environmental Protection Agency generally considers elemental sulfur as safe for the environment and human health, but previous studies have shown that it is a respiratory irritant to exposed farmworkers.

Elemental sulfur’s effect on residential populations, especially children, living near treated fields has not previously been studied despite the chemical’s widespread use and potential to drift from the fields where it is applied. This study links agricultural use of sulfur with poorer respiratory health in children living nearby.

Elemental sulfur is allowed for use on conventional and organic crops to control fungus and other pests and is very important to both systems. It is the most heavily used agricultural pesticide in California and Europe. In California alone, more than 21 million kilograms of elemental sulfur were applied in agriculture in 2013.

“Sulfur is widely used because it is effective and low in toxicity to people. It is naturally present in our food and soil and is part of normal human biochemistry, but breathing in sulfur dust can irritate airways and cause coughing,” says coauthor Asa Bradman, associate director of the Center for Environmental Research and Children’s Health at the University of California, Berkeley’s School of Public Health.

For the study, the research team examined associations between lung function and asthma-related respiratory symptoms in hundreds of children living near fields where sulfur had been applied.

The study found several associations between poorer respiratory health and nearby elemental sulfur use. A 10-fold increase in the estimated amount of sulfur used within 1 kilometer of a child’s residence during the year prior to pulmonary evaluation was associated with 3.5-fold increased odd in asthma medication usage and two-fold increased odds in respiratory symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath.

The study also found that each 10-fold increase in the amount of elemental sulfur applied in the previous 12 months within a 1-kilometer radius of the home was associated with an average decrease of 143 milliliters per second (mL/s) in the maximal amount of air that the 7-year-old children could forcefully exhale in one second.

“This study provides the first data consistent with anecdotal reports of farmworkers and shows that residents, in this case, children, living near fields may be more likely to have respiratory problems from nearby agricultural sulfur applications,” says senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor at the School of Public Health.

Given elemental sulfur’s widespread use worldwide, the study authors call urgently for more research to confirm these findings and possible changes in regulations and application methods to limit impacts of sulfur use on respiratory health.

We need to move toward a more sustaining and low toxic methods by which we can protect our environment and protect the human civilization.

The solution to above is been given by CTech Corporation. Its product  Termirepel™ is extremely low concern extremely low toxic, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic compounds and non-hazardous insect/termite aversive.

Anti Termite which has been designed for polymeric applications as well as natural materials like wood. It combines the best of chemistry and green practices to give an environmentally safe product which keeps away effectively while at the same time guaranteeing safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystems. It is a coming of age product which heralds an era of environmental consciousness and maintains a delicate balance while addressing problems caused by insects in myriad applications without causing any harm.

Rise of beetle infestation in your woods and forests!!!

Are the trees appearing to be dead?

And does the tree bark appears to be dry, damaged and sickly brown, without any sheen?

Then it’s probably because of the nasty bug commonly known as THE BARK BEETLE!

Yes, the bark beetle, one of about 220 types of Insect Genera with 6,000 species in the subfamily Scolytinae, are responsible for the damage to forests trees.

Are you aware of the havoc created by these tiny bark beetles in California!?

If not then have a glance at the damage caused to the trees from the following image.

Aerial surveys around the state show more than 20 million dead trees.

This fact is that the bark beetle infestation is not limited to only California.

The ravenous insects have decimated 45 million acres of forest in the Western United States in recent years, including 15 million acres of Forest Service land.

These are the more recent evidences for the bark beetle infestation in woods.

8,600 bags of wood recalled over bark beetle fears

By Conor Macauley BBC NI Agriculture & Environment Correspondent

8 September 2017 |Northern Ireland

Six major retailers in Northern Ireland have had to destroy or send back thousands of bags of firewood they had on sale because it posed a potential risk to commercial forestry.

A total of 8,600 bags of conifer firewood were taken off the shelves.It followed an inspection by plant inspectors from the Forest Service.

They found the wood was from Britain where a certain type of beetle exists that is not present in NI, and that the wood did not comply with regulations.

Beetles Threatening Alabama Timber

By Alex Aubuchon & Apr student reporter Allison Mollenkamp  Sep 5, 2017

Alabama’s eleven billion dollar timber industry could be at risk due to a very small bug.

Southern Pine Beetle populations have reached epidemic levels in Montgomery County. The beetles are also found in the Oakmulgee district of the Talladega National Forest and an area including Marengo, Clarke, and Choctaw counties.

Tree-Eating Beetles March Northward, Lured by Milder Winters

By HIROKO TABUCHI | AUG. 28, 2017

For lovers of the stately pine forests of the Northeast, sightings of a destructive tree-eating beetle in recent years have been nothing short of alarming.

Southern pine beetles are now frequently spotted in New Jersey, New Yorkand parts of New England. And their range will only grow farther as the planet continues to warm, according to a study published on Monday in the journal Nature Climate Change.

By midcentury, some 40,000 square miles of the pitch pine forests from eastern Ohio to southern Maine will be hospitable to the beetle. And by 2080, vast areas of forest in the northeastern United States and into Ontario and Quebec will be vulnerable.

The bark beetles responsible for such deep infestation are the tiny pesky pests of size approximately 5 mm. Bark beetles reproduce in the inner bark (living and dead phloem and cambium tissues) of trees. Adults typically appear in the spring and females deposit eggs in galleries just under the bark. The eggs hatch into small white legless larvae with brown heads. The larvae tunnel under the bark as they eat and grow, producing winding tunnels between the bark and the sapwood of the tree.

Though small, the Bark beetles play an important role in forest ecology, for example by creating complex early successional forest. Infestations can have significant economic impact.

In undisturbed forests, bark beetles serve the purpose of hastening the recycling and decomposition of dead and dying wood and renewing the forest. Bark beetles often attack trees that are already weakened by disease, drought, smog, overcrowding, conspecific beetles, or physical damage.

Individuals are not much larger than a piece of cooked rice. They survive in trees that are stressed or diseased and cannot secrete enough defensive resin, or sap, to drown the beetles. The beetles emit pheromones that attract other beetles. This can result in heavy infestations and eventually death of the tree.

There is an urgent need to find an effective solution to protect our wood?

We have one!!!!

Our company C Tech Corporation provides you with an eco-friendly solution Termirepel™.

Termirepel™ manufactured by using green practices is developed against these insects. It is an excellent aversive which not only protect wood from beetle infestation but also reduces the colonial expansion of them in woods.

Termirepel™ is extremely low concern, low toxic, non-hazardous and non-mutagenic INSECT aversive.

It is durable at extreme climatic conditions such as changes in temperature, rainfall, etc. Our product is ROHS, ROHS2, ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:1996 complaint and FIFRA exempted. Our product will not kill the targeted as well as non-targeted species but only repel.

Termirepel™ is available in many forms i.e. coating, Liquid solution and Lacquer.

Besides this we offer pre dispersed Termirepel™ plastic masterbatches that can be added to film, pipes, even cables to protect them from the ravaging insects

The Breathable Termirepel™ lacquer is a proper solution to be used for wood protection.

Our patented Termirepel™ Breathable product lacquer can be applied on the wooden surfaces of antiques, heritage structures, utility poles, fences, shipping industry, etc.

The following images show the application of lacquer form over wood surface.

Sample I was without coating and Sample II was with coating of our Termirepel™ lacquer or coating product and was tested under field conditions for several years.

It can be clearly seen that sample I is completely destroyed by pests and  the Termirepel™ Treated sample II was pest free which shows our product efficiency, while maintaining ecological balance as none of our products are toxic either to animals, insects or the environment.

The lacquer is transparent and breathable and is applied as direct coating over the wood surface to be covered.

Termirepel™ Lacquers and coatings do not interfere with the aesthetic properties of the application.

Termirepel™ Lacquers and coatings enhances the properties of wood by adding glossy appearance.

Thus Termirepel™ Lacquers and coatings provides you with the best protection from beetle infestation in woods in an ecofriendly way.

Talk to us, for any problems with insects, animals or both!!!!

WE HAVE A SOLUTION FOR YOU!!!!!

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Stink bug feast on your food.

The brown marmorated stink bug is considered to be an agricultural pest. It feeds on a wide variety of host plants. Fruits attacked include apples, peaches, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons. This true bug has also been reported on many ornamental plants, weeds, soybeans and beans for human consumption.

This insect is becoming an important agricultural pest all around the world.

In 2010, it produced severe losses in some apple and peach orchards by damaging peaches and apples.  It also has been found feeding on blackberry, sweet corn, field corn and soybeans.  In has also been observed damaging tomatoes, lima beans and green peppers.

Physical damage to fruit includes pitting and scarring, sometimes leading to a mealy texture. This injury makes the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product and in severe cases can even render the crop unusable for processed products.

The brown marmorated stink bug also feeds on leaves, and a characteristic symptom of leaf injury is stippled areas approximately 1/8 inch in diameter around feeding sites. In addition to physical damage, wounds caused by feeding can provide an entryway for disease to attack the host fruit or plant.

In field crops, damage caused by brown marmorated stink bug is not usually evident immediately upon visual inspection. For instance, in corn the stink bugs feed through the husk, piercing kernels and sucking out the juice resulting in shriveled kernels. Stink bug feeding in soybeans is similar to corn, where the bugs pierce the pods and suck juices out of the seeds. One visual symptom of brown marmorated stink bug feeding in soybeans is referred to as the “stay green” effect, where injured soybean plants stay green later into the season while other plants in the field senesce as usual.

This species has a single generation per year depending on the temperatures. Warm spring and summer conditions could permit the development of two or three generations.  However, in parts of sub-tropical China, records indicate from four to possibly six generations per year. Adults will emerge sometime in the spring of the year (late April to mid-May), and mate and deposit eggs from May through August. The eggs hatch into small black and red nymphs that go through five molts. Adults begin to search for overwintering sites starting in September through the first half of October.

These insects can produce allergic reactions like rhinitis or conjunctivitis in some individuals who are sensitive to the bugs odor. These chemicals are produced by dorsal scent glands.  Additionally, if the insects are crushed or smashed against exposed skin they have been reported to produce dermatitis at the point of contact. This is particularly important for agricultural workers picking fruits and vegetables.

They not only affect the agriculture but also try to enter the living areas of the home Typically, stink bugs will emerge from cracks, under or behind baseboards, around window and door trim, and around exhaust fans or lights in ceilings.

Managing this pest species is challenging because there are currently few effective pesticides that are labeled for use against them

It is also not advisable to use insecticide against these bugs as they directly attack the crop. The insecticides are highly toxic and can damage the nervous system of a human being.

Hence me need more ecofriendly solution to combat the menace caused by stinky bugs.

Let us have a look at the menace caused by these species on agriculture.

Stink Bugs on the Move in Soybeans

August 4, 2017

According to the article published in agweb.com by Ms. Brooks-Director at Farm Journal Media.

“In 2016 a number of farmers had significant stink bug damage but didn’t realize it until harvest, when they discovered shriveled, blasted seeds,” Tilmon and Michel report in the latest issue of C.O.R.N. newsletter. “Both nymphs and adults feed on the developing seed by using their piercing/sucking mouthparts to poke through the pod. Seed that is fed upon will take a flat or shriveled appearance.”

There are several species of stink bugs that can be found in soybean, including the green, the brown, the red-shouldered and the brown marmorated stink bug.

The heaviest populations of stink bug are usually found in the Eastern Corn Belt, particularly in the mid-Atlantic region, but the BMSB is increasingly found in the central U.S.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension entomologists are encouraging soybean farmers in the state to scout for stink bug this season. “Planting dates were late in many areas and cool weather has slowed plant growth, leading to delayed maturity in many areas. These late maturing crops may remain vulnerable to pest injury longer than usual,” they write in the online newsletter Cropwatch.

Ohio’s Tilmon and Michel write that seed damage can be prevented by scouting and treatment at appropriate threshold levels:

“Most insecticides labeled for soybean include stink bugs on the label, and most are adequately effective.  Keep in mind it is easier to kill immatures than adults.  To sample for stink bugs, take multiple 10-sweep samples with a sweep net in multiple locations throughout the field. Average the number of stink bugs in the 10-sweep samples. The threshold to treat is four or more stink bugs. If soybeans are being grown for seed, the threshold can be dropped to two or more stink bugs.”

Stink bugs pose increasing threat in Midwest

July 03, 2017

This news article was published by Ms. Atyeo in tristateneighbor.com.

Stink bugs are a pest South Dakota corn growers might not be accustomed to checking for, but they’re becoming a greater threat in northern states, and they can harm corn early in the season and move on before you know it.

The bugs are named for the musty smell they make when crushed. There are some species native to the Midwest, but it’s the brown marmorated stink bug that has been moving in from southern states that poses a bigger threat to corn and soybean crops.

The brown marmorated stink bug was found for the first time last year by Minnesota observers. Jami Loecker is an agronomist with Syngenta in eastern Kansas.

“In the Midwest, it’s kind of been an overlooked issue,” she said. “No doubt it’s increasing. ”Even the native bugs – the green, brown and one-spotted stink bugs – are a threat as their populations increase. The conditions are right this year for bugs to thrive because a mild winter allowed more to survive.

In harvest time revealed an abundance of stink bug damaged soybean samples, according to Dr. Kelley Tilmon, extension pest specialist. “It’s not just a southern problem anymore,” Loecker said.

Stink bugs can be a threat to corn from the time it emerges through its reproductive stages, with later season injury being particularity detrimental. The bugs pierce the plant with their mouths and insert an enzyme to pre-digest it.

“They’re robbing the plant of what it needs to live effectively and produce yield,” Loecker said.

Not only are they feeding on the crop, but the injury also gives diseases a spot to attack. Soybeans are most at risk during pod development. Stink bugs like to feed on the pod and seeds. Soybeans with stink bug damage produce small, shrunken seeds.

Stink bug damage in corn is usually overlooked, especially early in the season, Loecker said.

The bugs feed on the outside of the leaves as they are unfurling. The damage looks like small holes across corn leaf. It may also feed on the whorl. Later, they feed on the ear

“It’s really important we inform ourselves,” she said recently. “They’re robbing yields that we don’t even know about.”

To combat this nuisance we need to find ways that are ecofriendly and sustainable.

The solution to this is with CTech Corporation.

Taking into mind the problems faced by the farmers CTech Corporation has developed this unique product Termirepel™ that is been made from green technology. It is 100% ecofriendly, non-hazardous and non-toxic. It is  also an environmentally safe insect repellent.

It can repel more than 500 species of insects on account of it being a broad spectrum anti-insect repellent. The most striking feature of Termirepel™ is that it neither kills the target species, nor the non-target species. It will simply keep the insects away from the application. This product is available in masterbatch and lacquer form, and as a liquid solution. Termirepel™ can be added in mulches or incorporated in agricultural bags and films, which could be used to keep our fields safe and guarded against the pesky Stink bugs!!!!

What to know more about us head on to our website

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Who’s that in the leopard skin?

The giant leopard moth or eyed tiger moth(Hypercompe scribonia) is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is distributed throughout the Americas from southern Ontario, and southern and eastern United States through New England, Mexico and down to Panama. The obsolete name Ecpantheria scribonia is still occasionally encountered.

The Giant Leopard Moth caterpillar spends the winter in a state of hibernation, although in more temperate parts of its range it may wake temporarily on mild days for a mid-winter snack. When spring arrives, Giant Leopard Moth caterpillars become active again and feed heavily until the optimal size is reached, at which time each larva shucks off its spiny exoskeleton one more time and makes a pupa. The adult metamorphoses therein and emerges after only a few weeks; thus, the cycle begins again for the Giant Leopard Moth.

This species has a wingspan of 76 mm (3 in). Wings have a stark white base on which black color rings are visible. The wings of this moth are bright white with a pattern of neat black blotches, some solid and some hollow. The spots on the forewings of adult giant leopard moths may serve as disruptive coloration to make them less conspicuous to predators  The over the side of the abdomen is dark blue with orange markings, while the underside is white with solid black spots, and males have a narrow yellow line on the sides. Its legs have black and white bands. Adult moths are strictly nocturnal and do not generally fly before nightfall.

Adult giant leopard moths have ears, probably to detect the echolocation sonar of hunting bats allowing them to take evasive action. The ears are located immediately behind the bases of the hind wings.  This species has a notable sexual dimorphism in size, the adult male reaching about 51 mm (2 in) in length, while the adult female grows up to 30 mm (1.2 in). Males have borders around the sides of its body and black legs comprise white markings on them. The adults fly during at night but can sometimes be seen resting during the day on tree trunks. The adults are incapable of feeding.

Unfortunately, giant leopard moths don’t live very long as they don’t have mouthparts and don’t eat during this stage of their lives. As moths, they basically exist just to lay eggs before passing away. It is because of this short lifespan and its nocturnal habits that many insect enthusiasts rarely catch a glimpse of this moth, making the discovery and/or capture of one a pretty big deal for bug lovers.

Giant moth found crawling inside a bag of ‘fresh and washed’ Woolworths spinach

By Alisha Buaya For Daily Mail Australia, PublisheD: 17 November 2016
A customer has found a huge moth crawling inside a bag of spinach.

Woolworths customer Josh Dan found a large moth inside a 120g bag of ‘fresh and washed’ spinach.

He wrote a post to the supermarket’s Facebook page and shared a video showing the bug moving around in the bag.
‘Check out what I found in a bag of spinach I just purchased,’ he wrote.

‘I’ve been disappointed with your “fresh” produce before, but this is taking it a bit far.
The supermarket responded to the customer’s post via private message.

A Woolworths spokesperson told Daily Mail Australia: ‘We take all customer concerns seriously and are investigating the issue.’

Earlier this year a Sydney woman found a live huntsman spider in a bag of Woolworths Italian salad mix.

Freeze moths out of your life: They got her clothes, her carpets, and her curtains… but then author Raffaella Barker got rid of her pests

By Raffaela Barker For The Daily Mail Published:  21 May 2017
No cloth, no cashmere, no carpet is safe from the stealth missile that is the pale-backed clothes moth.

This I found out a few weeks ago, when, humming a little, I went to unwrap my summer wardrobe from its winter home.

Opening the door to our spare bedroom, not much stirred at first. But as I stepped past the bed, a flutter of wings spiraled up from the floor — a single harbinger of the doom that I was still oblivious to.

 
Such a huge nuisance of this tiny species cannot be neglected. The pesticides and insecticides are proven to be ineffective against them. However, these methods are hazardous methods causing harm to targeted and non-targeted species.

 
CTech Corporation can offer an eco-friendly solution to problems from moths. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our product work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keeps the pests away from the application. The unpleasant experience with our products is imprinted within animal’s memory and passed on its progeny.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be diluted in paints as well as available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied on the application. Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology-based product can protect the crop and indirectly against huge economic loss.

 

 

Insects that prey on your log home

Termites are one of the deadliest pests that can damage your household furniture. Your log home is a very tempting morsel for any number of damaging insects who will make it their home and their food source if allowed to do so. A whole host of troublesome insects that prey on your log home are out there and unless you know what to look for and know how to treat any invasions, your home’s value and structural integrity can be at stake. Being proactive is the name of the game since seasoned wood, dry wood, and wet wood and, of course, rotting wood are all potential targets for creeping, crawling, flying things.

Common bugs that infest log homes include beetles, borers, carpenter bee larvae and termites. Some pests, like bark beetles and round- and flatheaded borers, are already in the wood when harvested and can emerge up to three years or more after the home is built. 

The main source of nutrients in the diet of termites is cellulose. A complex sugar molecule and the main component of plant cell walls, cellulose gives wood structural strength. Termites use mandibles to tear off tiny chunks of wood to ingest and store in the gut. Incapable of breaking down cellulose without aid, termites benefit from a symbiotic relationship with various species of protozoa and microorganisms which live in the stomachs of the termites. Once the cellulose is broken down and digested, the resulting biomass (a substance known as humus) helps replenish the fertility of the soil. Wood already in the process of decay due to the presence of fungi produces an odor that is attractive to termites.

Though termites most commonly consume wood, any kind of plant matter supplies the pests with appropriate nourishment. The diet of a termite includes roots, mulch, paper, cardboard, cotton, burlap, and the occasional fruit or nut. Additionally, termites require large amounts of moisture, and soil is the main water source. Consequently, subterranean termites often invade homes and other buildings from the base of the structure where soil is plentiful. As the pests tunnel and explore a building, defective plumbing, leaky roofs, leaky air conditioning systems, and poorly maintained gutters provide the necessary moisture for the continued survival of termites.

 Inn Harmony: Hidden log house becomes a sweet rehab

August 26, 2017, Pittsburgh

Dennis Lapic had no clue what he’d do with the dilapidated, aluminum-sided house in Ambridge when he purchased it from an elderly neighbor in the mid-1990s. Mr. Lapic got started, and quickly discovered bad news: Termites had chewed their way through two sides of the house. The floors slumped in some places and bulged in others. To repair the damage, the house had to be jacked up 16 inches. Mr. Lapic got started, and quickly discovered bad news: Termites had chewed their way through two sides of the house. The floors slumped in some places and bulged in others. To repair the damage, the house had to be jacked up 16 inches.

Family’s dream home turns into termite-infested nightmare

Jul 20th 2017, U.S. News

Williams and her parents came across a spacious house tucked away in a quiet Cordova neighborhood complete with its own Jacuzzi; they thought they had found the perfect home. Williams and her parents didn’t notice about the house when they started renting it in March 2016 that they say caused all the headaches that and frequent nosebleeds along with unexplained itchy, red bumps covering Williams’ body had her in and out of the hospital, she claims. Her parents said they finally realized what was causing all of their daughter’s health issues: black mold throughout their home they say was painted and caulked over, along with termites they say were leaving bites on their daughter. The Williams ended up throwing out a lot of their furniture to get rid of the termites and moved to a new home.

So for this particular problem, we, at C Tech Corporation have come up with a viable solution.

Termirepel™ is an aversive for termites and insects. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly repellent which works even against the most aggressive insects.

Termirepel™ which is an anti-termite has been designed for polymeric applications as well as for natural materials like wood. It combines the best of chemistry and green practices to give an environmentally safe product which keeps the termites away effectively while at the same time guaranteeing safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystems.

TermirepelTM is available in the form of Masterbatch, liquid concentrate and lacquer solution. Termirepel Lacquer can be applied as a top coat over the wooden objects and furniture to protect them from log home damage.

 

Crops under attack by white flies!

Agriculture is the backbone of the economic sector of country. Also agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. Agriculture sector provides us with one of the basic requirement of life i.e. food. Hence the damage caused to this sector directly or indirectly affects each sector of country.

Recently a new threat to this sector is of white flies. White flies, the tiny creatures with a wingspan of less than 3 mm and a body length of 1 mm to 2 mm. More than 1550 species of white flies have been described which typically feed on the undersides of plant leaves. In warm or tropical climates and especially in greenhouses, whiteflies present major problems in crop protection. Worldwide economic losses are estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars annually.

Whiteflies feed by tapping into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva and decreasing the plants’ overall turgor pressure. Since whiteflies congregate in large numbers, susceptible plants can be quickly overwhelmed. Further harm is done by mold growth encouraged by the honeydew whiteflies secrete. This may also seriously impede the ability of farms to process cotton harvests.

Cotton crops are called as the cash crops and they are severely attacked by the white flies. Following are the evidences for the same.

Whitefly affects a fraction of cotton crops: Punjab govt.

24 Aug, 2017
Merely 18.1 hectares of land under cotton cultivation out of the total area of 3.82 lakh hectares has been affected by whitefly pest in Punjab, as per a report formulated by the agriculture department of the state.

In Bathinda, only 3.6 hectares of area was affected out of the total area of 1, 40,000 hectares, while only 10.2 hectares was infested by pest in Mansa out of the total area of 86,010 hectares, as per the report.

In Sri Muktsar Sahib, the total area under cotton cultivation was 64,608 hectares and only 1.6 hectares was affected, whereas Fazilka reported damage to 2 per cent of the land out of 74,655 hectares. In Barnala, merely 0.7 per cent of the land out 5,460 hectares was infested by whitefly. Infestation was not seen in Faridkot, Moga and Sangrur.

India’s cotton yield to decline on whitefly, pink bollworm attacks

From north to west, farmers seek protection from pest attacks to improve productivity

Dilip Kumar Jha  | Mumbai Last Updated at August 10, 2017 01:01 IST

In a major disappointment for new entrant farmers, cotton crop has come under severe pest and bollworm attacks in major producing states, which is sparking fears of a sharp decline in India’s fibre productivity this Kharif season.

While a substantial cotton area came under whitefly attack in Punjab and Haryana, pink bollworm was reported to have attacked standing crop in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. Consequently, analysts have started revising estimates of cotton output growth for the current season to 4-5 per cent now from 10 per cent earlier on a sharp increase in acreage.

Acting immediately to avoid farmers’ menace, the government of Maharashtra, according to sources, has ordered seed firms to pay a compensation of Rs 36, 83,000 to farmers in the state.

Whitefly Alert

Posted on July 6, 2017 by Phillip Roberts

Silver leaf whitefly (SLWF) infestations are being observed in cotton in parts of Georgia.  Historically SLWF is a localized pest, requiring management in a relatively small geographic area.  High populations of SLWF were observed during the fall of 2016 and the mild winter resulted in higher than normal populations surviving the winter.

It is likely that timely intervention with SLWF insecticides will be needed in areas which have experienced SLWF in previous years (all fields are at risk, not just late planted as in most years) and perhaps areas which have rarely observed SLWF will be infested in 2017. On cotton during the summer, SLWF complete a generation in about 2 weeks.

Such a huge nuisance of this tiny species to the agriculture sector cannot be neglected. The pesticides and insecticides are proven to be ineffective against them. However these methods are hazardous methods causing harm to other non-targeted species as well as to the crops.

CTech Corporation can offer an ecofriendly solution to this problem. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our product work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keeps the pests away from the application. The unpleasant experience with our products is imprinted within animal’s memory and passed on its progeny.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be diluted in paints as well as available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied on the application. Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology based product can protect the crop and indirectly against huge economic loss.

 

Cockroaches: Invincible under control.

Cockroaches have been around for millions of years, evolving into some of the most adaptable pests on Earth. There are approximately 4,000 living species of cockroaches in the world. They are pests because of their filthy habits and bad smell. Cockroaches are commonly found in buildings and homes because they prefer warm environments close to food and water. Unfortunately, cockroaches can cause allergies and trigger asthma attacks, especially in children. They can also spread nearly 33 different kinds of bacteria.

Cockroaches are insects, flattened from top to bottom, usually with two pairs of wings folded flat over the back. Most species rarely fly but they walk very fast. The color usually varies from light brown to black. The species vary from 2-3mm to over 80mm in length. There over 3500 identified species of Cockroaches. Pest cockroaches live in close association with people. They are tropical in origin but in the temperate zones most species live in parts of houses and other buildings where warmth, moisture and food are adequate. Cockroaches usually live in groups. They are mostly active at night; in the daytime they hide in cracks and crevices in walls, door frames and furniture, and in secure places in bathrooms, cupboards, steam tunnels, animal houses, basements, televisions, radios and other electric devices, drains and sewer systems. If the lights are turned on in an infested kitchen at night the cockroaches will run from dishes, utensils, working surfaces and the floor towards shelter.

Cockroaches eat a great variety of food, including all food used for human consumption. They prefer starchy and sugary materials. They sip milk and nibble at cheese, meats, pastry, grain products, sugar and sweet chocolate. They also feed on cardboard, book bindings, ceiling boards containing starch, the sized inner lining of shoe soles, their own cast-off skins, dead and crippled cockroaches, fresh and dried blood, excrement, sputum, and the finger nails and toe nails of babies ,sleeping or sick persons.

Cockroaches are important pests because they spread filth and ruin food, fabrics and book-bindings. They disgorge portions of their partially digested food at intervals and drop faeces. They also discharge a nauseous secretion both from their mouths and from glands opening on the body which give a long-lasting, offensive cockroach smell to areas or food visited by them.

Cockroaches move freely from building to building or from drains, gardens, sewers and latrines to human habitations. Because they feed on human faeces as well as human food they can spread germs that cause disease .Cockroaches are not usually the most important cause of a disease, but like house flies they do play a supplementary role in the spread of some diseases. They are proven or suspected carriers of the organisms causing: diarrhoea , dysentery, cholera ,leprosy, plague , typhoid fever ,viral diseases such as poliomyelitis. In addition they carry the eggs of parasitic worms and may cause allergic reactions, including dermatitis, itching, swelling of the eyelids and more serious respiratory conditions.

Let us take a look at the below news article

Man orders a cappuccino, gets a side of cockroach

August 12, 2017

A Manhattan man claims in a lawsuit his cappuccino at a swanky Upper East Side steakhouse came with a nasty addition: a large cockroach.The insect was a nightmarish way to end a meal at The Arlington Club, where dinners can easily hit the $500 mark, said Steven Fleming, who brought friends to the eatery in April.His pals were interested in opening a restaurant, so Fleming wanted to show them the place launched by star chef Laurent Tourondel in 2012.They chowed down on salad, steak, and a glass of wine before ordering dessert and coffee, he said.

“I took a sip of my cappuccino, I felt something disgusting in my throat, and then something crunchy,” Fleming, 43, told The Post. “And then I spit it out and I was like, ‘Oh my God.’”

Fleming, who is now suing The Arlington Club in Manhattan Supreme Court, snapped a couple of pictures before running outside to vomit on Lexington Avenue, he said.

He claims he then spent 12 hours in the emergency room with a variety of symptoms, including nausea and high blood pressure.

“We want to make sure we hold this restaurant accountable, and that this doesn’t happen to anyone else,” said his lawyer, Michael Joseph. “For the prices they’re charging the very least they could do is make sure the customers don’t have bugs in their food. We think New Yorkers deserve better.”

Fleming, who runs the executive search firm Wall Street Options, said the incident “really grossed me out.”

“On the surface, it looks like a very nice place,” he said. “I thought this would be a good example of something relatively trendy and with above average food. … I’ve been going to restaurants for 20 years in New York City and nothing like this has ever happened to me.”

A manager at The Arlington Club, where Tourondel is no longer the chef, declined comment, adding he was unaware of the lawsuit.

The best product to combat the cockroach problem is Termirepel™, a product of C Tech Corporation.Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target species but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. This product can be easily used against cockroaches. It can be used in terms of lacquer as well as liquid form. It can be coated on the end applications and thus cockroaches can be kept away from homes, buildings and other public places.

PESTICIDES: BOON OR CURSE

An increase in population demands, an increase in food supply and with it increases the need for production of food sources. So as to stabilize the food supply rate, ways are found out to increase the cultivation of different crops. The use of pesticides too hikes when an increase in production of food is demanded.

The term pesticide covers a wide range of compounds including insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, rodenticides, molluscicides, nematicides, plant growth regulators and others.

Pesticides are used worldwide to manage agricultural pests. They kill and repel unwanted pests, but also cause harms to the environment in different ways.

The production of pesticides started in India in 1952 with the establishment of a plant for the production of BHC near Calcutta, and India is now the second largest manufacturer of pesticides in Asia after China and ranks twelfth globally.

If the credits of pesticides include enhanced economic potential in terms of increased production of food and fibre, and amelioration of vector-borne diseases, then their debits have resulted in serious health implications to man and his environment. There is now overwhelming evidence that some of these chemicals do pose a potential risk to humans and other life forms and unwanted side effects to the environment.

According to The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, 9 of the 12 most dangerous and persistent chemicals are pesticides. Highly hazardous pesticides may have acute and/or chronic toxic effects and pose a particular risk.

The high-risk groups exposed to pesticides include production workers, formulators, sprayers, mixers, loaders and agricultural farm workers. During manufacture and formulation, the possibility of hazards may be higher because the processes involved are not risk-free. In industrial settings, workers are at increased risk since they handle various toxic chemicals including pesticides, raw materials, toxic solvents and inert carriers.

The symptoms of pesticide poisoning can range from a mild skin irritation to coma or even death. Acute health problems may occur in workers that handle pesticides, such as abdominal pain, dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, as well as skin and eye problems. In China, an estimated half million people are poisoned by pesticides each year, 500 of whom die. Pyrethrins, insecticides commonly used in common bug killers, can cause a potentially deadly condition if breathed in.

Another major problem associated with pesticide use is bioaccumulation and biological magnification. Bioaccumulation is when a substance builds up in the body because the body does not have the proper mechanisms to remove it. Many synthetic pesticides are not able to be broken down. Once they enter the body of an organism, they are permanently stored in the body tissue. The pesticides that accumulate in an organism’s body can cause harm to the organism or can be passed on to a predator.

Pesticides can contaminate soil, water, turf, and other vegetation. In addition to killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be toxic to a host of other organisms including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and non-target plants.

In India, the first report of poisoning due to pesticides was from Kerala in 1958, where over 100 people died after consuming wheat flour contaminated with parathion (Karunakaran, 1958).

According to WHO data, in 2012 an estimated 193,460 people died worldwide from unintentional poisoning. Of these deaths, 84% occurred in low- and middle-income countries. In the same year, unintentional poisoning caused the loss of over 10.7 million years of healthy life (disability adjusted life years, DALYs).

Nearly a million people die each year as a result of suicide, and chemicals account for a significant number of these deaths. For example, it is estimated that deliberate ingestion of pesticides causes 370,000 deaths each year. The number of these deaths can be reduced by limiting the availability of, and access to, highly toxic pesticides.

Pesticides can contaminate soil, water, turf, and other vegetation. In addition to killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be toxic to a host of other organisms including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and non-target plants. Insecticides are generally the most acutely toxic class of pesticides, but herbicides can also pose risks to non-target organisms.

10 samples of pesticides, insecticides fail quality check

Wed, 09 Aug 2017

BATHINDA: The Punjab agriculture department has issued notices to six companies manufacturing pesticides and insecticides after some samples failed the quality check. “Bains said the agriculture department was serious about the quality of pesticides and insecticides as the low quality products could cause loss to the cotton crop and hurt farmers’ interests. As many as 22 samples were collected from Fazilka, 27 from Bathinda and 51 samples were collected from Mansa and Muktsar. As per the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), samples have tolerance limit up to 10% to clear the quality check in the first category, 5% in the second category and 3-5% in the third category. Seven samples from Fazilka and three from Bathinda failed the inspection.

Eggs contaminated with ‘potentially harmful’ pesticide being sold in UK

Eggs contaminated with the ‘potentially harmful’ pesticide fipronil have been distributed in the UK, after warnings from the EU sparked panic across the continent.

Aldi and Lidl stores in Germany have already taken millions of eggs off shelves amid fears they have tainted with traces of the pesticide Fipronil.

EU bodies immediately notified food safety authorities in Britain, France, Sweden, and Switzerland after it emerged that eggs contaminated with the insecticide may have entered their territories.

Supermarket giant Aldi said it was a ‘purely precautionary’ measure and added that eggs sold in its UK stores were produced in Britain.

The Food Standards Agency has reassured buyers that the actual number of eggs sprayed with the insecticide in the UK is ‘very small’.

And the risk to public health is reportedly ‘very low’, the FSA added, although the World Health Organisation warns that the pesticide is moderately toxic.

The WHO considers fipronil to be moderately toxic, and says very large quantities can cause organ damage.

Belgian and Dutch authorities are now investigating how the insecticide came into illegal contact with egg-laying chickens.

C Tech Corporation offers a non-toxic and non-hazardous product, Combirepel™ to protect the agricultural applications from the ravenous insects and rodents. It is an environmentally safe product that works by repelling the insects without causing any harm to the target or non-target species. Combirepel™ is available in concentrate and lacquer form. It can also be used as a liquid solution for topical coating. Combirepel™ can be safely incorporated into the agricultural application while they are being manufactured. Combirepel™ can be incorporated in agricultural films and mulches for the protection of trees and bushes against these creatures.

Bed Bugs – The Bloodsucking Parasites

Bed bugs are the nocturnal, reddish-brown insects. They are the pesky little pests of the size between 1 and 7 millimeters. These wingless creatures have dorsoventrally flattened bodies that allow them to hide in areas such as floor cracks, carpets, beds and upholstered furniture.

Bed bugs feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals as their only source of nutrition. In order to mature into adults, they must feed once during each of their immature stages. Adult females also need blood in order to produce eggs.

Bed bugs inject an anticoagulant along with saliva when they pierce skin for the meal. The anticoagulants are responsible to generate response in person’s body. The size of the bite depends upon the anticoagulants and the number of times a person is bitten.

Bed bug bite reactions don’t always appear immediately after you’re bitten and may take a few days to begin causing symptoms. However, not everyone reacts to bed bug bites in the same manner. Bite reactions are variable with the intensity increasing or decreasing depending upon the number of bites.

Bites are commonly found on the parts of the body that are more likely to be exposed to bed bugs during sleep – the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs and arms. Bed bug bites are often grouped together in a small area and at times may occur in a line or a zigzag pattern. Bites normally look like small, flat or raised areas that may become inflamed, itchy, red or blistered.

Scratching bed bug bites and failure to keep the bites clean and disinfected may lead to a secondary infection that can cause further swelling and bleeding. Children, the elderly, and individuals with weak immune systems, particularly those who are bedridden, may develop secondary infections that result from bed bug bites.

The bites can be so harmful leading to infection and even death. Following are some recent evidences which prove that the tiny creatures are the great threat for society.

Jersey City woman found dead in home overrun with bedbugs
By Adam Hochron July 31, 2017 6:08 PM
First-responders tried unsuccessfully to resuscitate a woman police were told was found unresponsive in her home on Sunday morning.

When medics arrived at the home they needed to call in a hazmat team to deal with a massive bug infestation problem. In addition to the woman, five other people, including the woman’s parents and her daughters, lived at the home at the time she was found. She was declared dead at the scene.

The home was infested with bedbugs, and the infestation was so bad that a hazmat station was set up on Griffith Street to disinfect anyone who had gone inside the building. The Fios story also reported that the health department was called in to check on the home’s safety and to take whatever action against the homeowners was necessary

Parliament is infested with bedbugs and there’s ‘urgent action’ to clear them out

By Keiron Mccabe, 12:20, 21 JUL 2017

Pest-busters are taking urgent action to wipe out a bedbug infestation in Parliament. The blood-sucking parasitic insects were discovered this week in the Palace of Westminster and 7 Millbank, both home to MPs’ offices.

It is the latest in a series of pest related problems to beset Parliament, which spent £103,157 combating mice, flies, months, pigeons and gulls in the last year alone. Staff and MPs have been told to consult the NHS if they think they’ve been bitten.

Monitoring is underway to check if the bugs – which are notoriously difficult to remove – have spread to other areas.

Woman claims arm infection, blood disease came from a bedbug bite

By Megan Schuller, July 2, 2017

Johnson, 58, was bitten about a month ago and was hospitalized for several days, fighting the infection. Her left hand swelled to more than twice its normal size, and she complained of pain and tenderness in her arm.

Johnson recently returned to the hospital because of stiffness in her arm that alarmed her. She plans to see a blood doctor. She said she spends about $80 dollars a month on preventive measures to help keep the bedbugs at bay.

“I had to leave (the housing authority’s John C. Murphy building) because it was so bad. I was there for two years. It was bad there and here, People walk around all eaten up,” Johnson said. “People aren’t going to do anything about it. People are too scared to talk.” Johnson plans to eventually move out of the JFK building.

By going through the above evidences we come to know that there is an urgent need for actions to be taken against these blood sucking parasites. There are the conventional methods mostly used against the pest viz. fumigation, spraying methods, heat treatment, fungal treatment, vacuuming, etc. which are proved to be temporary, hazardous and ineffective solution.

We at CTech Corporation provide an alternative solution for the conventional methods against these pesky little pests. These products are based on green technology which gives effective solution. Our product TermirepelTM is an extremely low concern extremely low toxicity, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic compounds and non-hazardous insect/termite aversive. It combines the best of chemistry and green practices to give an environmentally safe product which keeps away effectively while at the same time guaranteeing safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystems.

Our product is available in three forms viz. Masterbatch, Liquid Concentrate and Lacquer. The masterbatch of Termirepel™ can be incorporated in wires and cables which are used in domestic wiring. The liquid concentrate is mixed with paints in specific ratio while lacquer can be directly applied on the surfaces like wood, metal, concentrate, etc.

Our product is prepared by using the sense mechanism of insects. Our product creates fear in the insects mind by mimicking the feel of danger. It has some peculiar smell which makes the insect stay away from the application. The fear is passed on to the progeny. Thus the motive gets completed to get rid from the insects.

The rise of the bed bug as a nuisance pest in hotels

Bed bugs are haematophagous sucking insects, feeding exclusively on blood. Bed bugs are insects that resemble an apple seed in appearance, are about ¼ inch long, do not jump and have no wings. Prior to feeding they are flat but after feeding on blood they become bloated and turn dark red. During the day, these small, reddish-brown bugs hide in cracks and crevices of mattresses and foundation/box springs or within 15 feet of a bed. Then, at night, they come out of their hiding spaces to feed, usually on humans but also on other warm-blooded animals. These insects prefer darkness and tend to hide near the bed. They travel up to 20 feet in search of a human host. Hungry bed bugs may also feed during the daytime, especially if this is when the occupant normally sleeps. They are not only found in beds but they can fit anywhere their bodies can be hidden as there are as thin as a sheet of paper. Hotels with high occupancy turnover are especially vulnerable to infestation. Bed bugs mostly bite on the upper body, neck, arm and shoulders but may be found on legs or ankles, too.

They don’t transmit diseases, but they do bite and take blood. People can get secondary infections if they scratch their wounds. In some people, the itching is unbearable. However, a persistent belief about bed bugs is that they thrive only in dirty conditions. Bed bugs are not attracted to dirt and grime; they are attracted to warmth, blood and carbon dioxide. This means no hotel is truly exempt from a bed bug infestation or the resulting liability, no matter how high-end and reputable. Hotel guests around the country are reporting being bitten by bed bugs and are filing claims seeking compensation for insect bites and ruined hotel stays. Treating for an infestation can be time-consuming and costly. And, because the bed bugs lifecycle shows several stages of development.

Female lays about 2-3 eggs a day in the same places where the bugs hide. The eggs are yellowish white in color about 1 mm long. Some 300 eggs can be found in cracks and crevices of buildings and furnitures. The eggs usually hatch after 8-11 days.

The newly hatched bed bug is pale yellow in color and resemble as adult but is much smaller in size. There are 5 nymphal instars. This period commonly last for 5-8 weeks.

Adult bed bug can live 6-9 months without food. Bed bug can withstand a long period of starvation up to 500 days. Under laboratory conditions, adult may live up to 4 years.

Let us consider some news articles:

Take precautions for bed bug ‘hitchhikers

JULY 25, 2017, Valley Courier

She said her office averages about one complaint a month, but not all of them are valid. Sometimes people are just not happy about their accommodations, she said.

She added that the complaints come from all over, and sometimes even a “5-star” hotel can have a bed bug problem.

Rappold explained that when she receives a complaint, she follows a procedure that includes visiting the facility where the complaint originated. If the report is substantiated, Rappold’s office requires professional pest control measures within two weeks and proof that such measures were conducted.

“The only way you can get rid of this problem is if you hire pest control. It’s really hard to do on your own,” Rappold explained. “They have to use a licensed pest control specialist.”

She said sometimes her office has to apply some pressure to correct a problem, but “we try to work with people and understand we live in a community where it’s hard to get services.”

As regional health program manager, Rappold handles complaints from all over the six counties of the San Luis Valley. She tracks trends in complaints and said they are seasonal, with this time of year and into the coming months being more active, especially as more tourists are visiting the area. Rappold said her office does not have regulatory authority over apartments but can require treatment actions at motels and hotels.

Everyone is at risk for getting bed bugs. Their presence is not determined by the cleanliness of an area, Rappold shared. They are experts at hiding and go just about anywhere. They can go for long periods of time without feeding, which allows them to attach to items such as luggage and clothes, and travel home with guests.

Bonaventure Hotel Sued Over Bed Bugs

NOV 7, 2016, News

A Delta Airlines attendant has filed a lawsuit against the famed Westin Bonaventure Hotel, saying that she’d suffered bed bug bites during a stay there. According to the complaint, Chery checked into her room at the Bonaventure on November 5, 2014. She’d slept for about an hour when she began to feel “severe itching and burning all over her body, including on the right side of her face, her arms, her left index finger and down the side of her right thigh,” per the suit.

She was bitten about six to seven times, and that she could see blood stains on her bed. The suit mentions that she’d taken photos of the bugs.

A manager and hotel security came to confirm the presence of bed bugs and was given another room to stay in, according to the complaint. She dumped all her belongings, including her Delta uniform, immediately after the alleged incident, and that she’d suffered months of insomnia and anxiety because of it.

On the bedbug registry a site for guests to self-report bed bugs, the Bonaventure had 23 reports posted between 2010 and 2015.

Another bedbug lawsuit was filed at Los Angeles Superior Court in August; a family from the Bay Area claimed that they were bitten by bed bugs at the Grand Californian Hotel at Disneyland. Unfortunately, bed bugs aren’t exactly uncommon in the L.A. area. Earlier this year, pest control service Terminix released a ranking of the most bed bug-infested cities, and L.A. landed in the fourth spot, right after Cleveland, Ohio.

Termirepel™ an anti-insect additive at C Tech Corporation product is an ideal solution for the prevention and control of bedbug infestation. The masterbatch of Termirepel™ can be incorporated in wires and cables which are used in domestic wiring. Termirepel™ liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and can be applied to damaged applications.While Termirepel™ lacquer can be used as a topical application which can be applied to furniture, walls, ceilings etc. It follows 6 pronged strategy which is extremely effective on bedbugs as well as insects like ants, beetles, grasshopper, termites etc.

Termirepel™ is a non-toxic and non-hazardous anti insect additive. It is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil.

Termite damage costing millions

Agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the process of economic development of a country. It has already made a significant contribution to the economic prosperity of advanced countries and its role in the economic development of less developed countries is of vital importance.

Pests, considered as an age old enemy of agriculture, continue to thwart the sector by destroying the crops. Though tiny, they are capable of large scale destruction. Termites can cause agricultural damage due to their voracious appetite for cellulose and, in other parts of the world, other materials. The exact dollar amount of loss due to termite damage is unknown in the agricultural world.

Agricultural damage can occur in several ways. First, the termite can infest the crop itself and limit the yield. Second, the termite can interfere with farming infrastructure such as by destroying poles that support fencing. Third, the termite can destroy containers used to ship agricultural products.

On average the pests are known to cause 10-16% agricultural produce loss. The insects attack several agricultural and horticultural crops. It is estimated that the loss accumulated due to damage in these crops may run to several millions of rupees per year. In North America, few crops are vulnerable to termites. However, termite species in other parts of the world may infest the actual crop and cause damage. Since termites are social insects and are in a colony, termite damage is generally concentrated and not widespread in a field. Locusts, for example, are not social and have no colonies, so when they attack a field it is in a quick and somewhat chaotic manner. Termites do not attack fields in such a manner. They have been known to attack paper products including record keeping so the agribusiness is negatively affected. Packaging material has a long history of attack by termites.

Let us look at some news articles:

Pest threatens crops on Hudson Valley farms

May 23, 2017, News 12 Hudson Valley

The crop-eating allium leaf miner is from Europe. Experts say the bug, which thrives on vegetables like onions, garlic, and leeks, was first found in the U.S. two years ago in Pennsylvania. Since then, it’s infested the Northeast destroying crops. It’s also made its way to the Hudson Valley.

“First I’ve seen it in my fields ever was a few weeks ago. I thought it was a mini-termite,” says fourth generation black dirt onion farmer Chris Pavelski, of Pine Island.

Ethan Grundbert, of the Cornell Cooperative Extension, says if the population continues to build like it has in Pennsylvania, it could be a serious issue Hudson Valley farmers are faced with the next few years.

News 12 has learned that the bugs die off in the summer months but reappear in the fall.

Currently, pesticides are still being tested.

A village plundered by termites and orphaned by the state government

Feb 19, 2017, Hindustan times

Farming and cattle rearing are their source of income. “Every family has at least two cattle. Their survival is a daily struggle. Every year, we spend Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 in buying grass,” former pradhan Padam Singh says.

So, what ails Lambari? An RTI application filed by Hindustan Times to the district magistrate’s office shows that in 1994, 1998 and 2009, work plans to control termites were formulated by district officials. However, the higher administration refused funds for the plans.

The agriculture department accepts that insecticides it provides to villagers have only been able to reduce termites in agricultural fields and have no effect on termites inside the buildings.

75% of the agricultural area was under termite attack. A work plan costing Rs 4.7 lakh was prepared. But funds were not granted. “Common pesticides become ineffective in Lambari because the population of termites is significantly high,” former vice-chancellor GBPUAT Prof BS Bisht, who commissioned the 2009 team, says.

Department of Agriculture issues ‘Stop Work Order’ against Sunland Pest Control

Sep 4, 2015, 25 WPBF

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services have issued a Stop Work Order prohibiting Sunland Pest Control from conducting any fumigation at this time. This comes after a Palm City boy suffered brain damage after termite fumigation at his Palm City Home. “We are aware of the tragic and heartbreaking incident involving Peyton, and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is investigating Sunland Pest Control in collaboration with the EPA and the Department of Health,” the department said in a statement late Friday afternoon.

Peyton McCaughey turned 10 Thursday at Miami Children’s Hospital, barely able to turn his head, unable to stand up or talk. His family said the boy has suffered brain damage after termite fumigation on their house.

C Tech Corporation, an Indian company has come up with an impeccable solution to counteract problems caused by such insect. Termirepel ™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous termite/insect repellent which has been designed for various polymeric applications as well as natural materials like woods. It is a unique blend of green chemistry and smart technology which acts as an effective repellent and at the same time guarantees safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystem.

Termirepel does not kill but only keeps the ants away by making use of their sensory mechanisms. Aggressive species are further deterred from attacking by advanced mechanisms like aversion, feeding disruption, temporary mating disruption, reproduction cycle inhibition, growth impairment and chemo sterilization. This further modifies the response of insects towards the Termirepel containing products which make them to stay away from the application.

 

Red ants menace in Train

Ants have colonized almost every landmass on Earth. The only places lacking indigenous ants are Antarctica and a few remote or inhospitable islands. Ants thrive in most ecosystems and may form 15–25% of the terrestrial animal biomass. Their success in so many environments has been attributed to their social organization and their ability to modify habitats, tap resources, and defend themselves. Their long co-evolution with other species has led to mimetic, commensal, parasitic, and mutualistic relationships.

Over here we discuss the problem caused by Red ants also known as Fire ants. Fire ant is the common name for several species of ants in the genus Solenopsis. They are, however, only a minority in the genus, which includes over 200 species   of Solenopsis worldwide. Solenopsis are stinging ants and most of their common names reflect this, for example, ginger ants and tropical fire ants. Many species also are called red ants because of their light brown color, though species of ants in many other genera are similarly named for similar reasons. Examples include Myrmica rubra and Pogonomyrmex barbatus.

The bodies of mature fire ants, like the bodies of all typical mature insects, are divided into three sections: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen, with three pairs of legs and a pair of antennae. Fire ants of those species invasive in the United States can be distinguished from other ants locally present, by their copper brown head and body with a darker abdomen. The worker ants are blackish to reddish, and their size varies from 2 to 6 mm (0.079 to 0.236 in). In an established nest these different sizes of ants are present at the same time.

A typical fire ant colony produces large mounds in open areas, and feeds mostly on young plants and seeds. Fire ants often attack small animals and can kill them. Unlike many other ants, which bite and then spray acid on the wound, fire ants bite only to get a grip and then sting (from the abdomen) and inject a toxic alkaloid venom called Solenopsin, a compound from the class of piperidines. For humans, this is a painful sting, a sensation similar to what one feels when burned by fire and the after effects of the sting can be deadly to sensitive people. Fire ants are more aggressive than most native species and so have pushed many species away from their local habitat These ants are renowned for their ability to survive extreme conditions. They do not hibernate, but can survive cold conditions, although this is costly to fire ant populations as observed during several winters, where 80 to 90% of colonies died due to several consecutive days of extremely low temperatures.

Fire ants nest in the soil, often near moist areas, such as river banks, pond shores, watered lawns, and highway shoulders. Usually, the nest will not be visible, as it will be built under objects such as timber, logs, rocks, pillers or bricks. If there is no cover for nesting, dome-shaped mounds will be constructed, but these are usually only found in open spaces, such as fields, parks and lawns. These mounds can reach heights of 40 cm (16 in), but can be even higher on heavier soils, standing at 1.0m in height and 1.5m in diameter. Colonies are founded by small groups of queens or single queens. Even if only one queen survives, within a month or so, the colony can expand to thousands of individuals. Some colonies may be polygynous (having multiple queens per nest). These ants thrive on wood, fruits or any consumable product. Thermoplastics materials have always attracted ants and insects. The plasticizers usually have bright colour. They also have aromatic odors of polymers which attract ants and insects.Thus ants and insect confuse it for the food This makes them to nibble on the plastic thus damaging it and causing huge economic loss.

Below Articles is related to the loss caused by ants.

Mumbai: Local train brakes failed due to red ants, probe reveals

Express News Service, Mumbai, November 19, 2015.

Review of a brake fail in a local train on November 17 at Matunga on the Central Line has shown that the equipment malfunction could be caused by corrosion of the brake panel due to red ants.

The local was sent to Kurla Car Shed for examination which showed that red ants inside the brake panel had damaged the cable wires, causing failure in application of brake.

The motorman had switched to emergency brakes after he failed to stop the train in the regular way.

“It was 11.47 am at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) and the local was from Kalyan. The problem occurred when the train reached Matunga station and the motorman failed to apply the brake,” said a source from the Central Railway (CR). At Kurla Shed, the entire panel inside the motorman’s cabin was opened which revealed crowding of red ants in all controls.

C Tech Corporation, an Indian company has come up with an impeccable solution to counteract problems caused by such insect. Termirepel ™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous termite/insect repellent which has been designed for various polymeric applications as well as natural materials like woods. It is a unique blend of green chemistry and smart technology which acts as an effective repellent and at the same time guarantees safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystem.

Termirepel does not kill but only keeps the ants away by making use of their sensory mechanisms. Aggressive species are further deterred from attacking by advanced mechanisms like aversion, feeding disruption, temporary mating disruption, reproduction cycle inhibition, growth impairment and chemo sterilization. This further modifies the response of insects towards the Termirepel containing products which makes them to stay away from the application.

 

Flies residing in the pipes: Drain flies

You are about to do the dishes and then in the basin you find these numerous creatures enjoying their treat over your dishes. Who are these creatures which appear suddenly and mysteriously in your basin causing a nuisance?

These are the drain flies!

Drain flies are “furry” moth-like appearing flies. They are very small: typically 2 to 5 mm in length, light grey or tan colored flies with short body and leaf shaped wings. The body and wings are covered with small hair which gives it a fuzzy appearance. Wings are too large when compared to the body; drain flies fold their wings in a characteristic roof like pattern.

There are more than 4,700 known species of these flies worldwide, most of them native to the humid tropics. Drain flies inhabit human drains and sewage systems where they are a harmless but also persistently annoying.

Drain flies lays eggs mostly in decomposing organic matter found in drains and pipes. The eggs are brown or cream in color and hatch in 32 to 48 hours. The larvae feed on the gelatinous drain matter and reach the maturity age in 9 to 14 days. Drain fly larvae are known to survive in high temperature and low oxygen conditions. Drain Flies have a life cycle of 1 to 3 weeks. Drain flies can grow quickly and hence they can multiply in a few days creating a nuisance

Drain Flies feed on waste matter within sewers and drains, they can however infest a property given the correct circumstances and no amount of fly spray will halt the infestation unless one can find their point of ingress or their food source.

The vast majority of domestic drainage systems are fairly clean in as much as they are designed to carry waste from one point to another and there should not be any waste sitting in the system, but due to defective pipe work or partial blockages this can happen providing a food source for the pests. However drainage systems are also designed so that no matter what occurs below ground these flies should not have access to your property and sinks, baths, toilets etc are fitted with water traps to prevent smells and pests from leaving the drainage system and entering your home.

So if one has an infestation of drain flies within bathroom there are usually a couple of things happening, firstly waste matter is building up either within or outside the drainage system allowing the flies to feed and breed, if this is occurring within the drainage system they are also finding an open vent out of the system and into one’s property. The life span of these pests is pretty short but they will lay eggs in your property and before long the next generation is swarming over your bathroom fixtures and fittings.

The most common and probably the most disturbing for a home owner is when one has an internal rest bend at the base of a soil vent pipe or downstairs toilet, the rest bend fractures or becomes displaced and after every flush a certain amount of water and waste escapes into the sub-floor. The matter builds up and the flies have a food source, they will then access the property above through any small gaps between floor boards or gaps local to skirting boards.

The above can also occur when small diameter waste pipes from sinks are suspended from joists in sub floors, if these pipes become disconnected or leak there is enough food stuff, grease & fat in the water for the flies to feed off.

Disused branch lines on drainage systems can often hold waste matter if the system has blocked or partially blocked at any time, because of its location below ground the waste will not dry out immediately and this can provide a steady and prolonged food source for the mites. If this disused branch line runs beneath and extension or conservatory and it have not been capped off properly the flies will find their way into the property.

Leaking and broken pipe work outside of the property can also allow the flies to enter the house, a cracked collar at the base of a soil vent pipe or a fractured gully pot that cannot maintain its water level will allow the flies to surface at ground level, if this occurs local to an air brick they have access direct into your sub-floor and wall cavity.

Restaurants and industrial kitchens can be prone to this kind of infestation due to the amount of food stuffs that can directly enter the drainage system and the worst case of infestation are seen at hospitals. This was partly due to a construction worker leaving a drain open within the building and partly due to the fact that hospital staff used the bed pan macerators for the disposal of excess food instead of using the appropriate food bins supplied.

Neighbors fighting an infestation of drain flies

September 4th, 2015, CBS46 News, Loganville, GA

Some neighbors in Gwinnett County are dealing with a pesky infestation of drain flies.

The flies, sometimes called “sewer flies,” look a lot like fruit flies. They’re basically little bugs that feast on the sludge inside pipelines and then crawl up into the sinks of unsuspecting homeowners.
“At first we thought it was fruit flies,” explained Bev Renales. Her home is one of at least a dozen in Loganville’s Fall Creek Landing subdivision that has become infested with the critters.

“They are gross. Very gross. Disgusting,” said Renales. She and her husband have hired an exterminator to treat the bugs, but they keep coming back.

“We’ve tried everything: bleach, Drano, hot water and vinegar. You name it, we’ve tried it,” said Renales.

Her neighbor, Nancy Gerber, has called the water and sewer department, but they told her there was nothing they could do to treat the lines.

“They wouldn’t even send someone out to look,” said Gerber. She’s fed up with the bugs and begun trying to trap them in a homemade solution of water, cleaning chemicals, and maple syrup.

Gerber and Renales would really like the county to come out and flush the lines because they believe this is a real health hazard.

Considering the above scenarios it becomes difficult to get rid of the drain flies once the pipes are installed. In order to prevent the flies C-Tech corporation has come up with solution – TermirepelTM .  It is highly effective against drain flies. It is cost efficient, inert, long lasting  and is stable up to 1400 deg Celsius temperature. This product manufactured by C-Tech Corporation is available in three different forms: Masterbatch, liquid concentrate and lacquer form. The pipes which are to be implanted in the drains can be incorporated with the masterbatch at the stage of manufacturing. If the pipes are already installed, the liquid concentrate and the lacquer can be applied on the external surface and on the access areas of the pipes so as to prevent the flies from entering the outside environment. TermirepelTM  is definitely a solution against drain flies.