Bedbugs hijack plane

The phrase “Good night, sleep tight, and don’t let the bed bugs bite.” It may seem harmless, but bed bugs can be a serious problem. Bed bugs can be more harmful to certain people than others, causing health concerns ranging from itchiness to allergic reaction. Bed bugs are one of the most difficult pest problems to eradicate quickly. Bed bugs have existed since ancient times and are found throughout the world. They reside in unusual places; they are also likely to be found in small cracks near a bed or in comforters and bed sheets.

Bed bugs also spread infections which are more likely to develop in children, those with suppressed immune systems and the elderly, especially those who are bedridden and unable to walk. Also, some people bitten by bed bugs have experienced allergic reactions that require medical attention, especially when exposed to numerous bites.

The greatest risk posed by bed bugs is the psychological concerns resulting in lack of sleep and stress. Bed bug bites do not typically become visible until a day or more after the insect’s feeding, if at all since some people never react to being bitten. In extreme reactions, large wheels can appear. These wheels gradually reduce in size, becoming small, red marks. Bed bug bites can cause itching and may also result in swelling or blister-like skin inflammations. It is important to note that other non-bed-bug sources can result in skin irritations as well.

A bed bug bite affects each person differently. Bite responses can range from an absence of any physical signs of the bite to a small bite mark to a serious allergic reaction. Bed bugs are not considered to be dangerous; however, an allergic reaction to several bites may need medical attention.

Now a day’s bedbugs are also seen on airplane flights and they have been biting the passengers. Bed bugs can spread through close proximity with fellow travelers as well as their belongings. They also thrive where there is the frequent turnover of people. On airplanes, people are in close proximity, are not able to move other than on the plane, and their belongings are required to stay untouched for long periods of time. This is an excellent recipe for bed bug transmittal. The flight which was supposed to be a smooth ride has become a bumpy ride.

Let us have a look at some news articles

Airline Apologizes for Bed Bugs on Flight
By BBC

British Airways has apologized to a Canadian family after they were bitten by bed bugs on an overnight flight, BBC reported.

British Airways has apologized to a Canadian family after they were bitten by the bed bug
on an overnight flight,  BBC reported.

Heather Szilagyi was flying from Vancouver to London with her eight-year-old daughter and fiancé earlier this month, CTV reported.

After spotting the bugs, Ms. Szilagvi complained to the flight attendant but was told she could not change seats.

She said she and her daughter woke up the next morning covered in bug bites.

British Airways offered an apology to the family.

Bed bug outbreaks hit British Airways flights
By Sun

British Airways plane infested with bed bugs was allegedly kept in service despite staff knowing about the problem.

The Sun reports that staff at the airline logged the issue after the insects were spotted and passengers bitten on a flight from the US to Heathrow last week. So serious was the problem that an entire row 47 was closed in economy class, the newspaper said.

But staff claimed that engineers did not have time to deal with the bugs and bosses decided to keep the aircraft in service. Days later another “severe” infestation was reported on the same Boeing 747 during a flight from Cape Town to Heathrow.

But outbreaks do occasionally occur in the sky. “There are numerous cases of bed bugs being spread on airplanes,” according to Bed-Bugs.com, which offers extermination services.

Pesticides have detrimental effects on human health and cause harmful diseases so instead of using outdated control measures we can make use of our product, our product.

We, at C Tech Corporation, have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named Termirepel™. We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low in toxicity, low hazard, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined  ratio and be applied on the material which has to be protected from termites

Termirepel™ in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires etc.

Termirepel™ in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like polymeric tree guards, pipes, wires, cables, polymeric material, instruments and equipment which we use at home.

Termirepel™ in the form of a spray can be sprayed to already installed wires and cables and any surface or material infested with pests.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

 

 

Protecting your garden from grass grub

Grass grub is found throughout New Zealand and is considered New Zealand’s major lawn pest. It attacks the roots of grasses and other plants.

Grubs can be found within your lawn during the late summer months after the beetles have laid their eggs around July. Female beetles lay their eggs about one or two inches deep in the soil.

Grass-grub larvae are soil-dwelling grey/white grubs up to 15 mm long with tan colored heads. Typically found lying in a C shape. They feed on the roots of many pasture species and other plants.

Recent news reported for their nuisance were as follows:

This native pest is costing our economy millions – and it’s not alone

Pat Deavoll │ October 02 2018

They’re small and hungry, and a new report says they’re costing us about $500 million a year in damage.

They may be only a centimeter long – but with thousands of relatives, the native grass grub has been causing havoc to pastures and crops around New Zealand for the last 100 years.

In fact, a recent AgResearch study showed the impact of the pasture-pest was costing dairy farmers up to $380 million and sheep and beef farmers up to $205m each year, making it our most expensive pest.

Grass grub is an ongoing problem for the agricultural industry, and while research into control of the grass grub has been happening, an answer to its total eradication remains elusive.

Dead grass? Utah grubs may be to blame

By Intermountain Farmers | July 6, 2016

If you have dead spots in your beautiful lawn, chances are you want those areas restored to their dark green color as soon as possible. Usually, the culprit is damage caused by lawn grubs and immediate action is required.

However, dead patches may also be the result of not enough watering, especially in the hot summer. Sometimes sprinklers don’t cover all the areas in a lawn adequately or you may have a plugged sprinkler head you are not aware of.

Several insecticide products are available that are used widely. But these are harmful to humans as well as the environment since it degrades the soil. Using pesticides to combat the nuisance is not a feasible way.

C Tech Corporation can offer an eco-friendly solution to the nuisance caused by the corn rootworm. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our products work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keep the pests away from the application.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Our product is compliant with EU – BPR, RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, APVMA, NEA and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology-based product can protect the plants and prevent the loss caused by the grass grub and other insects as well.

TermirepelTM is available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied to the application as a topical application. It can be applied to the already laid pipes and tubing in the garden. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, metal, concrete, polymers, ceramics, etc.

Our TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated with various polymeric applications like agricultural and other protective films, pipes, wires, and cables etc. while they are manufactured. This will prevent the pests from gnawing on the polymeric application.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and be applied on the fences in the garden and farms. Thus, using our products, you can get an effective solution to fight menace caused by grass grub and many such insects!

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

How bedbug infestation affects the human body and mind.

 

Bed bugs are the insects that are very tiny resemble a pear seed in appearance with no wings. They are also known as the bloodsuckers as after feeding on blood they become expanded and turn dark red. The bed bugs lay eggs which are unable to see by our naked eyes as the size of the egg is like a pinhead which is present in crack and crevices of furniture, mattresses, clothing behind baseboards and in chairs.etc. Bed bugs have a one-year lifespan during which time females can lay up to 200-400 eggs. Eggs hatch in about 10 days and they are the 1/4th inch long.

The speed of bed bugs is very quick that they can climb on anything and usually they feed at night and hide during the day. Bed bugs usually feed once a week but can survive for up to 14 months without eating.

Bites aren’t usually felt since the insect injects an anesthetic that is mixed with their saliva. Individual response to bites varies, and some people do not react at all. Bites usually appear as small, raised, red lesions.

They may cause itching and scratching which could lead to infection. There is no concrete scientific evidence that they carry blood-borne diseases such as Hepatitis B or C, or HIV.

What other health problems can occur:

  • Respiratory problem:
    They often shed their skin and leave behind egg particles and other waste, which can mix with the air. When these inhaled, they can interfere with the respiratory system of a person and result in respiratory problems.
  • Infection problem:
    When the bed bug bites which not only cause discomfort but also lead to itching and constantly scratching will cause wounds as well as the skin infection.
  • Allergic reaction:
    Hypersensitivity to the bites could lead to anaphylactic shock, which is both dangerous and life-threatening.
  • Weakened Immune System:
    Bed bugs bites are itchy and so the person could not be able to sleep properly due to which it affects the immune system.

The below news article gives the evidence for the Bed bugs nuisance,

Holidaymakers attacked by BEDBUGS left ‘mentally scarred’ after infestation at four-star hotel ruins £2,000 trip
Jenny Kirkham from Mirror

A British couple says they were left traumatized after they were bitten by bedbugs during their Spanish getaway.

Sue and John Berry claim to have suffered dozens of bites all over their bodies at a four-star hotel just three days into their two-week, £2,000 holiday.

The retirees are now so fearful of the parasitic insects that they haven’t been on holiday since then.

And they claim that they have been “passed from pillar to post“ after complaining to the tour operator who sold them the trip.

Sue told the Liverpool Echo that she and her husband were left “mentally scarred” and embarrassed as strangers stared at their bites.

 Horrified mother finds BED BUGS in the daughter’s hospital ward after the near-fatal asthma attack
By MARY KEKATOS FOR DAILYMAIL.COM

Erin Ortega says she found bed bugs in her daughter’s hospital room at Banner Desert Hospital in Mesa, Arizona, on Monday night

After alerting hospital workers, the family was moved to another room

But Ortega says that in the second room she found two more bed bugs

Bed bugs do not carry disease, but their bites can cause discomfort and they are difficult to eradicate

A mother says she found bed bugs in her daughter’s hospital room in Arizona.

Erin Ortega and her wife had been switching on and off spending nights with their daughter in the ICU at Banner Desert Hospital in Mesa after she suffered a near-fatal asthma attack.

It’s unclear how long she has been in the hospital or how long she will remain there because the severity of asthma attacks can vastly differ from patient to patient.

On Monday night, while preparing for bed, Ortega told Fox 10 that they noticed a bed bug on the sheets the hospital provided.

After switching rooms, they were horrified to discover that the bed bugs were lurking in several rooms in the hospital.

Ortega says she alerted hospital workers to the bed bug discovering.

The family was then moved to another room but was told it was for ‘staffing reasons’, although it was never fully explained what this meant.

The couple decided to check the room to see if there were any more of the insects.

‘Sure enough, there was another bed bug on the floor behind the recliner, as well as a dead one that was stuck to the chair,’ Ortega told Fox 10.

The couple says they’re worried about their daughter’s well-being as well as of other patients on the ICU floor.

Pesticides have detrimental effects on human health and cause harmful diseases so instead of using outdated control measures we can make use of our product, our product Termirepel™ manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low toxic, nonhazardous, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the material which has to be protected from termites

Termirepel™ in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires etc.

Termirepel™ in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like polymeric tree guards, pipes, wires, cables, polymeric material, instruments and equipment which we use at home.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

The truth about cockroaches

Have you ever found black grainy droppings or evident of brown skins??

Is this a sign of cockroach infestation?

Cockroaches are synonymous with filth and poor hygiene thus they are boon to immune. The cockroach infestation can be a serious problem for everyone in the building, home or commercial. Cockroaches can be identified by their long antennae and legs. Cockroaches are one of the most difficult structural pests to eradicate because they have the ability to hide.

Cockroaches do feed and live in areas where dangerous bacteria, such as bathrooms, drains, and dumpsters. They absolutely love humid and dark places like sewers and garbage disposals, since this is where a lot of food ends up. From these areas, they can pick up food spoilage organisms and human pathogens. The cockroach can be a reservoir for bacteria which includes salmonella, staphylococcus, and streptococcus.

At night they enter into areas where food and water are accessible, like the kitchen and bathroom, and spread diseases they carry on their body, since they run from the light and are nocturnal they may be difficult to see. The cockroach virtually eats everything. Ingested bacteria are the one which can be found in the cockroaches’ digestive system, as they can survive many a time for months or even years, and they are passed in its droppings. Cockroaches will vomit and transfer on food and thus disease may be transmitted to humans when humans eat food contaminated by cockroaches. They become a health risk when they walk on eating utensils.

Wherever cockroaches go they leave behind traces of their existence. Cockroaches infestation include feces, saliva, and the shed parts of their bodies, these parts of cockroach contains specific proteins. When it comes to food, roaches will eat paper and glue thus roaches will eat anything that has nutritional value. They are attracted to food like starch, sugar, grease, meat, and cheese. Decaying and waste food items are delicious for a hungry roach in search of his meal. Cockroaches are very difficult to eradicate.

Common hiding spots for cockroaches include:

  • Crack in walls

  • Confined Spaces

  • Furniture items

  • Kitchen

  • Below sinks

  • Gardens

According to the news article,

A cockroach crawled into a Florida woman’s ear. It took nine days to get it out.

The Washington Post, May 5, 2018.

That morning of April 14, around 1:45 a.m., Jordan Holley rushed to the bathroom to help his panicking wife, grabbed a flashlight and looked inside her ear. And there it was, a small part still visible from the outside as it stayed there, lodged in the middle of the ear canal. Jordan Holley managed to pull out a couple of legs using a pair of tweezers, but the intrepid bug had crawled too deep.

The young couple drove to the emergency room just a few miles away. A man sitting behind a desk near the hospital’s entrance saw the look of panic in Katie Holley’s face and asked whether she was in pain. She felt a ‘crawling sensation.’ Doctors found a live cockroach in her skull.

San Antonio has higher roach infestation than New York City, data shows
Updated 6:54 pm, Friday, July 31, 2015

More than one in four San Antonio households reported roach infestations in 2013, according to U.S. Census Bureau data released last month.

Results from the American Housing Survey, which examined 25 U.S. cities, showed that almost 28 percent of homes here had evidence of roach problems within 12 months of being surveyed.
The Alamo City was found to have a bigger roach problem than several major U.S. cities including New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago and the District of Columbia.

Thus insecticides can be proving to be ineffective we need a solution that is effective, eco- friendly and easy to use.

The unique product Termirepel™ manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low toxic, nonhazardous, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications.

The product available in the form of liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the fences in the garden to keep the pest away from these places.

Our product in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, etc. The lacquer can be applied on the trunks of trees thus protecting it from damage.

The lacquer can be applied to the tree trunks protecting it from the attacks. The product is also effective against other pests thus protecting the trees from other pest attacks.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

 

Formosan Subterranean Termites: Invasive and voracious species

When homeowners hear the word termite they often break into a sweat, and rightfully so. Termite damage can cost thousands of dollars. In some cases, homes are demolished because the termite damage is so extensive. Also, the damage by termites is typically not covered by homeowner’s insurance.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. residents spend at least $1 billion on Formosan termite control and repairs each year. Some experts estimate the number is closer to $2 billion.

The Formosan subterranean termite is an invasive species of termite.

The Formosan termite was described from Taiwan (Formosa) in the early 1900s, but is native to southern China.

They are found in many states across the southern U.S., including Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas. Smaller populations of Formosan termites have also been discovered as far north as the Canadian border.

A mature Formosan termite colony can eat about 31 grams or 1+ ounce per day. At this rate, such a colony could completely consume one foot of 2X4 wood in 25 days – causing severe structural damage to a home in as little as six months.

They commonly enter through expansion joints, cracks, crevices and utility conduits in slabs. Any wood-to-ground contact is an arrival invitation for Formosan subterranean termite infestations. In some occasions, however, Formosan subterranean termite can form colonies that are not connected to ground, called aerial colonies.

In addition to structures, Formosans infest living trees and shrubs, utility poles, landscape timbers, wooden railroad trusses and even boats. However, this termite is also known to attack non-cellulose materials such as plastic, plaster, asphalt, and thin sheets of soft metal (lead or copper) in search of food and moisture. They are also known to chew through the coverings of telephone and electric cable insulation, resulting in costly damage and power outages in cities.

Of course, termites cannot digest plastic, but Formosan subterranean termites will easily penetrate PVC plastic if it means reaching food. Not only have Formosan termites broken underground plastic water pipes, causing shut-downs in water service, but they have also destroyed electrical wires within PVC pipes, resulting in power outages.

In the city of New Orleans where this termite species was introduced in the 1950’s, the control and repair costs due to Formosan subterranean termite are estimated at $300 million annually (Suszkiw 1998). It is considered the single most economically important insect pest in the state of Hawaii.

Recent news reported are:

Destructive ‘super-termites’ discovered in La Mesa

‘Super-termites’ discovered in La Mesa

Amanda Brandeis, ABC10.com │August 13, 2018

SAN DIEGO (KGTV) – Homeowners in La Mesa are being warned their houses could be at risk of a destructive pest: Formosan subterranean termites.

San Diego-based company Thrasher Termite & Pest Control made the unfortunate discovery this month in a La Mesa home.

They’re deemed “super-termites” due to enormous colonies up to two million strong. The pests can cause significant structural damage within six months unlike traditional dry-wood termites, which take 10-15 years to do similar damage.

The invasive species of termites was first discovered in La Mesa in 1992. Efforts to eradicate the population were thought to be successful, but pest control experts say that’s no longer the case.

Aggressive termites invading Houston area, establishing new colonies in South

By Stephanie Whitfield, USA Today│ May 7, 2018

HOUSTON — Swarms of winged bugs are invading Houston-area neighborhoods from Fifth Ward to the suburb of Baytown, Texas.

The insects are an aggressive species called Formosan termites, and pest specialists don’t know how to eradicate all of them once they’ve established a colony in an area, University of Florida etymologists say.

“What you’re seeing are winged individuals that are the kids. They’re job is reproductive,” said Bryan Springer of Coastal Exterminating in the Houston suburb of La Porte. “They’re starting new colonies. They’re not expanding old colonies. They’re literally starting new colonies.”

When traditionally used methods to combat this nuisance have failed, an effective solution is the need of the hour.

C Tech Corporation can offer a solution to overcome the damage caused by termites. Termirepel™ – anti termite additive is an ideal solution for the prevention and control of termites.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low toxic, low hazard, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate, lacquer, and masterbatch.

Liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints and organic solvent in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the storage area, ceiling, panels exterior and interior of the homes, buildings, etc. as to be protected from termites.

Our product in the form of lacquer can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires which are already installed, etc.

Our product in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like pipes, wires, cables, polymeric tree guards, polymeric material, instruments and equipment’s which are attacked by termites. Termirepel™ can be incorporated during the extrusion of wires and cables making them pest repellent.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, BPR, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Mealybugs: A nuisance to plants

Often, we find the fruits and vegetable spoiled with white scales and spots. Where do these scales and spots come from?

Those are from the mealy bugs!

Mealybugs belong to the group of scale insects. They can be found all over the world, except in the Polar Regions. Mealybugs prefer warm, humid areas that provide enough food i.e. plants.

Mealybugs can reach 0.04 to 0.1 inches in length. Color of the body depends on the species. They can be white, gray, yellow, pink or purple colored. Mealybugs have oval, segmented body without a hard shell on the surface. Some species have tail-like structure at the end of the body or filaments which create the impression of numerous legs. Females are covered with white, cottony wax that is responsible for the mealy appearance, hence the name “mealybugs”. This layer prevents loss of water from their soft body. Males look like gnats. They have wings, but they lack mouth (they do not eat). Females and immature mealybugs are herbivores. They can be found on the bark, stem, leaves, flowers, and fruit.

Mealybugs use specially designed straw-like mouth apparatus called “stylets” for the extraction of sap from the plant tissue. Mealybugs release sugary liquid called honeydew which is the waste product of their diet. This liquid represents a suitable medium for the fungi which quickly spread on the surface of the host plant and prevent photosynthesis by blocking sunlight. Mealybugs reduce the amount of nutrients in the plant tissue and inject toxic saliva which prevents normal growth and development of plants. Some species of ants protect mealybugs against predators and use plant material and soil to construct shelters for them. In return, mealybugs secrete honeydew which represents an excellent source of food for ants. Green lacewings and ladybugs are natural enemies of mealybugs. Mealybugs can produce offspring all year round, with a peak during the spring and autumn, temperature and humidity are optimal during these periods of the year.

Females lay eggs or give birth to live babies, depending on the species of mealybug. Egg-laying females produce 200 to 600 eggs and wrap them in a waxy cocoon. Newly hatched mealybugs, better known as “crawlers”, emerge after 6 to 14 days. Mealybugs have incomplete metamorphosis (holometabolous insects). They undergo 4 (females) to 5 (males) larval stages before they reach adulthood. Parasitic wasps that lay eggs and hatch inside the young mealybugs are used as a biological weapon against these insects. Females can survive a few months, while males die as soon as they fertilize females.

They quickly reproduce and produce significant damage on the plants in the gardens and greenhouses and in the fields on commercially important crops such as pineapples, grapes, sugarcane, coffee, citrus, and orchids.

Prematurely dropping fruit and stunted plant growth may indicate the presence of the mealybug. This is a result of the mealybugs, in both the nymph and adult stages, sucking the juices of the plant and feeding on any tender young growth.

Mealybugs can be found on potatoes, fruit crops, ornamental plants, citrus plants and tropical plants. They are more common in warm, moist climates but they seem to be able to flourish in greenhouses in all regions.

Yellowing, withering and falling leaves, prematurely dropping fruit, and stunted plant growth may indicate the presence of the mealybug. This is a result of the mealybugs, in both the nymph and adult stages, sucking the juices of the plant and feeding on any tender young growth.

Leaves may wither and fall. Fruit that drops prematurely is inedible and unmarketable. Stunted plants will not be able to fully produce fruit or leaves. The honeydew left by the mealybugs may bring sooty mold fungus to the plant. Plants can die if the infestation is large.

Since the mealybug secretes a waxy substance that it uses to protect itself, its eggs, and the young nymphs, it is often difficult to find an effective chemical control that will penetrate the substance.

Below is the evidence of mealybug menace.

New Zealand mealybugs invading Britain and destroying gardens

By Henry Bodkin – 25 February 2017 – Telegraph

Many gardeners are plagued by mealybugs in their greenhouses, feasting on the roots of their prized plants.

But now the insects’ even hardier New Zealand relatives have invaded Britain, and they are leaving a trail of destruction in their wake.

Golden root mealybugs have already devastated two gardens in Scotland, with the owners understood to be so upset that they do not want their plight publicized.

Mealybug can destroy your citrus crop

By Gys Helm   2nd November 2017

All citrus farmers are acquainted with the mealybug. In recent years there has been a major increase in mealybug infestation in citrus due to several factors, including warmer winters.

In South Africa, producers plant quite a lot of citrus every year and this contributes to a monoculture system that creates a more favorable habitat for the pest. We have also been experiencing warmer winters in the northern regions, which led to more mealybugs surviving the winter months. The chemicals then used to combat other pests such as thrips, are detrimental to mealybug predators and parasites.

They also facilitate the spreading of various plant diseases. People use various chemical (pesticides and insecticide soaps) and biological (animals that feed on mealybugs) methods to eradicate them. Despite huge efforts, mealybugs are still numerous around the world.

The bugs can cause immense nuisance and hence a method to stop the nuisance is a must.

C Tech Corporation has a solution against leaf mealy bugs menace.

We, at C Tech Corporation, have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™. We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco-balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repel them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth. Thus, this product can be easily used against mealybugs.

The product available in the form of masterbatch can be incorporated into the agricultural films and mulches, tree guards, other agricultural equipment, packaging films, polymeric pipes, wires, and cables, etc.

The product available in the form of lacquer can be applied to the tree trunks, metallic tree guards, wooden and metal fences around farms and garden, etc. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like metal, wood, concrete, ceramic, polymer etc.

The product available in the form of liquid concentrate can be mixed with the paints and can be applied to the concrete fences around farms and gardens, storage areas, etc.

Use our products to get effective results against nuisance caused by mealybugs.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
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Prevent damage to plants from whiteflies

This tiny little insect called whitefly in the picture alongside is amongst the several insects who have developed resistance to many pesticides.

These tiny creatures can seem pretty but can be a huge nuisance as well. They have four broad wings that are held roof-like over the body and covered with a white powdery wax. Whiteflies leave a sticky substance that appeals to ants attracting more insects to the infested area. Whiteflies produce honeydew that becomes food for black sooty mold.

Most species with a wingspan of less than 3 mm and a body length of 1 mm to 2mm.Some “giant whitefly” species exist, some of which may exceed 5 mm in size. The insects and their wings are variously marked or mottled according to species, and many species are covered with fine wax powder, giving most species a floury, dusted appearance. The female whitefly deposits 30 – 500 small, cigar-shaped, yellowish eggs during her lifetime. These are attached to the undersides of the leaves.

There are over 1,500 different kinds of whiteflies. Their white color is due to a white, mealy wax coating over their body. Whiteflies penetrate the food-conducting tissue of the plant and help themselves to the plants nutrient supply. The biggest problem about whiteflies is the viral diseases they carry such as tomato yellow leaf curl. They suck the sap from the phloem tissue of the leaf, feeding greedily on the plant juices for about 3 to 5 weeks, depending on temperature and species. Under most conditions generations overlap and all stages of the insect may be found infesting plants at any time. These insects can greatly impact agriculture and spread disease, affecting food production all around the world when they feed. While they will affect food, their presence will also influence the larger economy, costing farmers and consumers a lot of money by driving up food prices.

Viruses carried by whiteflies infect many important agricultural crops such as tomato, cotton, citrus, and beans. Ornamental plants attacked by whiteflies include Bradford pear, pomegranate, ficus, gardenia, hibiscus, banana, fushia, iris, gladiolius, lantana and many more.

The color yellow attracts whiteflies. Whiteflies feed by tapping into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva and decreasing the plants’ overall turgor pressure. Since whiteflies congregate in large numbers, susceptible plants can be quickly overwhelmed. Further harm is done by mold growth encouraged by the honeydew whiteflies secrete. This may also seriously impede the ability of farms to process cotton harvests.

The nuisance caused by the whiteflies is reported in the below news articles:

KARNATAKA: INVASION OF THE WHITEFLIES

Bangalore Mirror Bureau | Updated: Dec 9, 2017

Several parts of Kerala and coastal Karnataka have been affected by Rugose Spiraling Whitefly

Several coconut plants in the coastal region including Kerala have been affected by the invasive pest Rugose Spiralling Whitefly (Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin). This pest was first reported in India from Pollachi in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad in Kerala in July 2016.

Dr Vinayaka Hegde, Principal Scientist (Plant Pathology) and Head, Division of Crop Protection, ICAR- Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CRCRI), Kasargod in Kerala said, “Rugose spiralling whitefly (RSW) adults can be distinguished by their large size and the presence of a pair of irregular light brown bands across the wings. RSW was first described by Martin in 2004 from samples collected in Belize on coconut palm leaves and subsequently in Florida from Miami-Dade County in 2009.”

Tehran’s Whiteflies Again Out of Control

Thursday, September 14, 2017

Tehran’s whitefly population has got out of control once again, causing serious exasperation to residents.

Whiteflies have been a summertime nuisance for the past few years, Jamejam Online reported.

Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf, the former Tehran mayor, is widely blamed for the failure to implement effective measures during his tenure to control these insects.

The most noticeable move to address the problem so far has been the use of yellow sticky plastics on the barks of trees, which has apparently borne no fruit.

Spraying urban trees and bushes with pesticides in all seasons is reportedly the most effective way of curbing the problem.

However, Farideh Olad-Qobad, Tehran’s representative in the parliament, believes that the method has not been implemented at all this year or has been done haphazardly.

“All the measures taken by the municipality to tackle this problem have failed so far,” she said.

The above news articles clearly state the severity of the damage caused by the whiteflies and the ineffectiveness of the measures used to keep the whiteflies away. There is a need for an effective solution to keep these flies at a bay and such a solution is available with C Tech Corporation. 

Termirepel™ an anti-insect additive, a C Tech Corporation product is an ideal solution for the prevention and control of whitefly infestation. The masterbatch of Termirepel™ can be incorporated in agricultural films, irrigation tubes, wires, and cables, etc. and other polymeric appliances.

Termirepel™ liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and can be applied as a topical application near the areas of infestation. It can be applied on the concrete fences around farms and gardens. It can be used in the areas of storage used to store agricultural and garden produce.

While Termirepel™ lacquer can be used as a topical application which can be applied directly on a variety of surfaces. It can be applied to the tree trunks, metal fences, polymeric equipment etc.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low-toxic and extremely low-hazardous anti-insect additive. It is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil.

With our product, you can get an effective solution to combat the nuisance caused by different insects.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Termite damage to wires and cables.

The issue of electrical failure of cables due to termite attack has been recognized for over 100 years. Termites will rule the house and will force the resident to evacuate. Sometimes homeowner’s complaint of short circuits without any valid reason for such mess to occur. Several times we come across such a situation where the electric wires and cable are damaged badly by termites.

The termites are unaware of the use of cables and they feed on them by gnawing through electric cables and wire and thus causing damage to the wires and cables. The termites get easily attracted to those old electric wires which contain cellulosic material and these wires which are destroyed has the high possibility of short circuits and power failures and buildup of earthen material around power points. Termites use the electric boards to move from one place to another. If there is termite infestation behind a wall activity then it can prove to be shock or fire hazard.

The subterranean termites are the one which causes a huge amount of damage in electrical sockets; as they fill the sockets with the mud for protecting themselves from their predators. Any accidental contact with such wet sockets can be proving to be a hazard in the form of shock and short circuit.

When it comes to man-made structures such as buildings, termites have been estimated to cause approximately $30 billion in damages. The termites have the ability to produce 10000 new termites each year. This estimates out to be at least four termites each minute!

The evidence for termites damaging cables and wires,
Perth Hills bushfire class action claims power pole that started blaze was in a ‘deplorable’ state
By David Weber
Updated 16 Jul 2018, 3:33pm

A power pole was in a “deplorable” condition before it collapsed, sparking a bushfire in the Hills district which destroyed 57 homes in 2014, a Perth court has been told.

The residents’ lawyer, Lachlan Armstrong, QC, told the court the electricity pole was in a “deplorable” condition due to rot and termite damage, adding that a “modest gust of wind” was enough to cause it to fall.

Mr. Armstrong argued even though the pole was on private property, it was Western Power’s responsibility.

The court heard the pole should have been assessed by a specialist inspector when work was done in the area only two days before the massive bushfire.

10-year-old hospitalized after termite fumigation
By Sara Ganim, CNN
Updated 1839 GMT (0239 HKT) September 5, 2015

A 10-year-old boy is suffering from brain damage after a botched fumigation of his family’s Florida home, according to a family attorney.

Peyton McCaughey and his family fell ill shortly after a Terminix subcontractor, Sunland Pest Control, sprayed their Palm City home for termites on August 14, family attorney Bill Williams said.

The family immediately began feeling ill.

The boy’s uncle, Ed Gribben, told CNN that everyone was vomiting, and Peyton’s condition was even worse.

Gribben said Peyton had trouble standing and speaking, so the family took him to a local clinic where a doctor suspected poisoning from fumigation.

The child, who loves Minecraft and is known for his witty personality and athletic talent, has lost 90% of his motor skills.

He also lost function of his left arm and leg.

Using hazardous pesticides that have a detrimental effect on humans health can cause dangerous diseases like tumors, cancer, asthma etc. Also, the pesticides are not meant to be used with the polymeric applications like wires and cables. So instead of using outdated control measures, we can make use of our products which repels the pest.

In order to keep wires and cables safe from termites, an effective solution is required and for this, our product Termirepel™ manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low toxic, extremely low hazardous, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the interior and exterior of the wall, kitchen area, dining area, pantry, can be painted on the equipment, mattresses, couches, ceilings and panels, laundry area.

Our product in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires, wooden furniture.

Our product in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like polymeric tree guards, pipes, wires, cables, polymeric material, instruments and equipment which we use at home.

Our product in the form of a spray which can be used in kitchen and dining area, storage room, ceilings and panels, lavatory, already installed cables and wires and electronic installations.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Destructive lantern fly!

Beautiful though invasive, no one would have imagined these pretty creatures to be destructive! But the fact is they are indeed resulting in menace in areas where they are spotted.

They call it the lantern fly!

Adult lantern flies are inconspicuous spotted, brownish-grey plant hoppers about 1″ to 1¼” long. The front wings are grey with black spots, and the hind wings are red, black, and white. The legs and head are black, and the abdomen is yellow with broad black bands. Inconspicuous, that is until they hop or take flight and show off their bright orange-red and white underwings.

The Spotted Lanternfly is native to China, India, and Vietnam, and can cause major damage to grapes, fruit trees, and other trees and shrubs in other areas, such as the U.S. First detected in the United States in Berks County, Pennsylvania in September 2014, they are spreading rapidly and present a serious threat to gardens, orchards, and woodlands.

This insect is considered a threat to crops and many people are working to try to prevent it from spreading. Soon the females will begin to lay eggs. Each female will lay up to 100 eggs or more this fall, so by destroying even one female, you are reducing the potential population for the future.

Egg masses adhere to flat surfaces, including tree bark. Freshly laid egg masses have a grey, waxy, mud-like coating, while hatched eggs look like brownish, seed-like deposits in four to seven columns about an inch long. Trees attacked by the spotted lanternfly will show a grey or black trail of sap down the trunk.

As they feed, the insects excrete a sticky substance called honeydew, which is rapidly colonized by sooty mold, turning leaves, stems, and trunks black. It also attracts ants, wasps, and other insects that feed on the sweet substance.

Their capacity to cause destruction is evident from the below news articles:

Recently spotted lanternfly has potential for devastation

By Hilary Holladay Orange County Review Feb 4, 2018

ORANGE — Watch out for the spotted lanternfly.

That’s the word from Shawn Appling, associate extension agent for horticulture, serving Orange, Culpeper, and Madison counties. The invasive insect was spotted in Frederick County in early January, and it is the menace of potentially devastating proportions.

The red-winged, black spotted bug sucks the life out of grapevines and fruit trees and typically makes its home in the tree of heaven, an invasive tree that is all too familiar to property owners in and around Orange County.

Entomologist gives update on potential insect pests

Feb 22, 2018, MU Extension

PALMYRA — “The genie’s out of the bottle” on the spotted lanternfly, University of Missouri Extension entomologist Kevin Rice told farmers at the second annual NEMO Soils and Crop Conference in Palmyra.

Rice gave farmers an update on insects to watch in the upcoming growing season. He urged them to contact him when they find these invasive pests so he can track their presence in the state.

Entomologists spotted the spotted lanternfly in Pennsylvania in 2014, and Virginia, Delaware and New York in January 2018. It likely is making its way to Missouri, Rice said. The plant hopper’s eggs travel on metal objects such as railroad cars, boats, and tractor-trailers. Its primary host plant is grapes, but it also affects other fruit and ornamental trees, and hops. It was observed feeding on soybean and corn in Pennsylvania in 2017. Its honeydew secretions attract other pests to feed.

Many measures are used to prevent the damage caused by the lanternfly such as the use of insecticides, herbicides, cutting down the trees infested with lanternflies etc. These all methods have proved to be ineffective.

Now, we no longer have to depend on conventional, toxic insecticides to deal with these pests!

We need a long-term and effective solution to control their nuisance. We at C Tech Corporation have a solution to combat against the lantern fly.

TermirepelTM anti-insect repellent is a C Tech Corporation product which is a solution to prevent the infestation against these pesky little black flies.

TermirepelTM does not kill the target species but only repels them thus balancing the ecology and thus helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

TermirepelTM liquid concentrate which can be diluted in paints in a specific ratio can be applied to the concrete fences around farms, homes, etc. to keep the lantern flies away.

TermirepelTM lacquer can be coated as a topical application on the surface of the wood, concrete metal etc. It can be applied on the tree trunks to keep these pests at a bay.

Besides this, we offer Termirepel™ masterbatches that can be added to tree guards, agricultural film, pipes, even cables to protect them from the ravaging insects.

 

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com if you are facing problems with insects.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

 

Termite damage to heritage sites!

Did you know that the total weight of all the termites in the world is more than the weight of all the humans in the world!

This is obvious for these insects eat non-stop, 24 hours a day, seven days a week!

Termites are social insects found in a wide range of terrestrial environments and are distributed throughout the warmer regions of the world. They raise their young as a group.

There are about 2,000 known termite species in the world. They stay in colonies. Some colonies consist of more than 15,000,000 termites, and the colony can survive for many years.

Termites are known as “silent destroyers” because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper. Termites’ diets are primarily made up of cellulose, an organic fiber plentiful in wood and other plants such as grass. When digested, cellulose provides termites with the nutrients they need to survive. Termites are equipped with special mouthparts for chewing wood and other sources of cellulose.

There are two main types of termites capable of attacking buildings: drywood termites, which do not have ground contact, and the subterranean termites, which require contact with the ground or some other moisture source.

They are known to be a huge nuisance to the heritage sites since they destroy the structures by building their colonies in them. First, they build tunnels into structures, and then they burrow into those structures to obtain food. Any wood or cellulose-containing material constitutes termite food, and given time to do so, they’ll eat until nothing is left but a shell. They then start invading the entire heritage structure.  In a number of cases, termite invasions go unnoticed for long periods of time. It gets too late to identify the damage and these destructive pests spoil the appearance of the heritage sites.

Subterranean termites do more damage annually than all-natural disasters combined.

Each year, termites cause more than $5 billion in property damage.

These termites are capable of leaving the heritage sites in the dust.

The nuisance termites cause to the heritage sites is evident while we visit these sites. Few of the documented evidence is as below:

Historic courthouse found to have termite damage

28th Mar 2018 8:00 AM – The Advocate

BELLINGEN Courthouse has been closed with matters next week shifting to Coffs Harbour Courthouse after termite damage was detected inside the historic building.

The NSW Justice department said the 108-year-old courthouse will be closed while structural engineering and heritage building inspections are carried out.

A NSW Justice spokesperson said the damage has impacted walls in the registry, records room, public waiting areas, and the Magistrate’s Chambers.

Due to the closure, sittings from April 4 have been transferred to Coffs Harbour Local Courthouse.

“All parties and stakeholders are currently being advised including police and the local council,” the spokesperson said.

Termite threat to Al Ain’s historic buildings

The heritage authority is experimenting with chemical and non-chemical alternatives to killing pests or treating possibly infected sites.

Ola Salem April 16, 2011

AL AIN // Beneath every historical building, a tiny, relentless force is at work. It cannot be stopped; but unless it is restrained, conservationists say it could reduce the city’s historic houses, forts, and mosques to dust.

Countless billions of termites, each just a few millimeters long but together forming a powerful, ravenous army, are on the attack.

Heritage officials say they have found them in 10 historical buildings in Al Ain and the Western Region, but believe the problem goes far beyond that. The Abu Dhabi Authority for Heritage and Culture (Adach), which runs conservation projects, believes the insects lurk beneath pretty much every historical building in town.

Societies have long sought to protect and preserve their cultural heritage, for reasons ranging from education to historical research to the desire to reinforce a sense of identity. They have tried everything to keep their heritage sites safe from termites, but the methods they used did not give effective protection from termites.

Though destructive, termites are very important organisms ecologically as they significantly contribute to the organic decomposition process either by direct consumption of decomposing plant materials, by physical and chemical conditioning the soil they inhabit and by nitrogen fixation. So killing them is not the option to keep them away from the heritage sites.

So for this particular problem, we at C Tech Corporation have come up with a viable solution.

At C Tech Corporation, we offer a safe and effective solution to deal with these insects.

Termirepel™ is a non-hazardous product that primarily repels insects from the application. It is a broad spectrum repellent which works against insects thus efficaciously repulse them away from the application. The best feature of this product is that it is environmentally safe and causes no harm to the insect as well as humans and the environment.

The product available in the form of lacquer can be used as a topical application and can be applied to wooden and concrete structures of heritage sites. The liquid concentrate is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, fiber, ceramic, metal, polymer etc.

The product available in the form of masterbatch can be incorporated into polymeric applications like wires and cables, pipes, agricultural films, etc. while they are manufactured. The product will prevent the ladybugs from coming near to these applications.

The liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints in a pre-determined ratio and be applied to the interior and exterior areas of heritage sites which can be painted. The liquid concentrate is compatible with all types of paints and solvents.

Using our products, they can repel the termites in an eco-friendly way!

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com if you are facing problems with insects.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Japanese beetle: Huge threat to gardens

The gardeners have got worried with the nuisance of these critters called as Japanese beetle who indiscriminately attack their plants and destroy them.

Have you come across a creature like in the picture beside?

If yes, then be alerted!

Your garden is then under attack of the Japanese beetle.

The Japanese beetle is a member of the large and varied family of scarab beetles, the well-known and familiar “junebugs” seen circling the porch light on warm evenings from spring through early summer.

Japanese beetles are blocky and a little less than one-half inch-long and about one-quarter inch wide with a hard shell. The front of the body is shiny, metallic green while the wing covers are copper or bronze. Small white tufts of hair along the sides and back of the abdomen distinguish the Japanese beetle from similar insects.

Certain plants are favorite targets of the Japanese Beetle, however, they do feast on over 200 plant species. Some of their favorite dinner options include roses, hibiscus, grapes, raspberries, linden, sassafras, Japanese maple and Norway maple. A few more of the plants that they damage include boxwood, red maple, flowering dogwoods, hollies, magnolias, and lilacs.

After the eggs hatch, Japanese beetles will be in a larval stage and live in the ground just below the root level of the grass. In this phase, they are a well-known yard pest known as “white grubs”. Before these destructive pests are even eating your plants in their adult beetle form, they are eating your grassroots and damaging the grass in your yard!

Grubs devour grassroots, making it impossible for the plant to absorb water and ultimately kills the grass. They are the nation’s No. 1 turf pest and cause irregular brown spots in your lawn from the feeding grubs. They also attract animals to your yards such as skunks, moles, and raccoons who feed on them and will dig up the soil in search of the grubs.

This destructive life cycle from birth to adult creates a constant chore gardener to defend against.

Gardeners battle Japanese beetle infestation

Megan Hahn

7:30 PM, Jul 18, 2017 – 3KMTV News

OMAHA, Neb. – If you garden or have a house with a yard, chances are you’ve encountered this pesky nuisance: Japanese beetles.

They’re back this year, and in bigger numbers than before.

The beetles feed on about 300 different of plants and are an invasive species. Experts say by the time you’ve spotted them on your plants, it’s probably too late.

“It’ll probably get worse in the next couple years. We’re experiencing sort of the height of the invasion wave at this point,” said Jonathan Larson, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension etymologist.

Japanese beetle infestation in Denver metro area devours plants

POSTED 6:40 PM, July 12, 2017, BY TAMMY VIGIL – Fox Denver

DENVER — The Denver metro area is now the home to a beetle that hails from Japan.

Garden experts say there is an infestation of the Japanese beetle that feeds on more than 200 species of plants. And there is very little that can be done to combat them.

Colorado State University horticulture expert Robert Cox said repeated years of the pesky pests eating leaves and damaging them can kill plants.

But a lawn expert said they are more of a nuisance than anything.

“I’m quite a rose gardener. I love my roses here,” said Kathy Rowe of Littleton.

But everything is not so rosy at her pristine home. Her prized flowers have become an all-you-can-eat buffet for the bugs as they polish off petals and lunch on leaves.

“We are in the early stages of the infestation,” said Tony Hahn with Swingle Lawn Care.

Traditionally various pesticides are used to kill the Japenese beetles, but the beetles are showing low response against the pesticides thus proving them ineffective.

To stop the nuisance caused by these beetles there is a need for an effective solution and C Tech Corporation has one!

The unique product TermirepelTM manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

TermirepelTM is available in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated with the polymeric applications like agricultural films, gardening tools, wires and cables, pipes, etc. to keep the Japanese beetles at bay.

The product available in the form of liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and lacquer which can be applied topically around the concrete fence of gardens.

To keep the insects at the bay TermirepelTM lacquer can be sprayed or coated on the tree trunks.

The product is also effective against a multitude of other insects and pests like beetles, mayflies, thrips, aphids, etc. The repelling mechanism of the product would ward off the Japenese beetles and other insects that could cause damage. Thus, using TermirepelTM would effectively ensure that the area around us remain safe and protected from the pests for a long period of time.

In such a way the insects can be repelled and the damage caused by them can be prevented without killing them.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Pests in restaurants

“Pests had been found in the kitchen area. We do have a pest control contract, and it’s unfortunate that there were a few pests in the traps when they made their return visit.”  – Says Mr. A. Hussain owner of the restaurant Spice, in Village Hill, Flitwick

They got a pest control contract and even then, the pests dared to enter their restaurant! Such a terrible experience!

Imagine on a weekend you are out with your friends to munch at this fancy restaurant. There in your sight goes on the pests roaming around. The next you do is you never ever visit the restaurant again.

Despite the best efforts, the restaurant owners could end up with pests in their kitchen or any kitchen from a restaurant.

Rodents such as mice and rats are the bugbear of every restaurant owner. Sometimes cleaning is just not enough in the restaurant business. There are many ways that a restaurant can develop a problem with mice and with rats and those ways are not always based on cleanliness. The fact is that water and standing water can be just as bad as food or debris.

Contrary to what you may have heard, there is no acceptable or allowable number or amount of pests in a food facility. Pests are strictly illegal in all areas of the establishment, which includes the kitchen, food or equipment storage rooms, restrooms, employee locker and break rooms, customer service and seating areas, trash storage areas and exterior premises. They’re illegal not because they are unsightly, but mainly because they are known carriers of numerous dangerous, disease-causing microorganisms that can be transmitted to your food, the food contact surfaces etc. potentially causing a serious food poisoning. They also contaminate the food with their hair, fecal droppings, urine, saliva, body parts and general filth.

Rats and mice are attracted by food supplies and do not venture far from their shelter or nesting sites, so in a large facility will nest close to accessible food stores. Rats and mice are capable of a rapid increase in population given an abundant food supply; due to the number of litters they can produce and the time to maturity, shelter from predators and benign environmental conditions inside a building.

Not only can they transmit serious diseases, but they can also close a restaurant down fast! Worldwide, rats and mice are known to spread over 35 diseases, according to the Centers for Disease Control. These diseases can be spread to humans directly, through handling of rodents, through contact with rodent feces, urine, or saliva, or through rodent bites. Diseases carried by rodents can also be spread to humans indirectly, through ticks, mites or fleas that have fed on an infected rodent. Cockroaches are proven or suspected carriers of the organisms that cause infections salmonellosis, typhoid fever, cholera, gastroenteritis, dysentery, leprosy, plague etc.

A heavy infestation of cockroaches or rodents will sometimes give the establishment a recognizable musty odor. If you detect this odor or any out of the ordinary odor, be wary about patronizing this establishment. A restaurant and any food facility should always smell clean and of fresh food. Anything else could mean something is wrong.

All types of food facilities, even the newest, nicest, most expensive, elegant restaurant can become infested with vermin. It is fairly common because a restaurant especially is an ideal environment for cockroaches, rats, mice, flies etc. to thrive.

Health inspectors order food facilities to eliminate pest problem countless times. If a food establishment or facility cannot fully eliminate the pests, the inspector is duty-bound to suspend their permit and order them closed and or take legal action and have the local district or city attorney file a criminal misdemeanor complaint against the business and its owner(s). A permit may be suspended immediately, depending on the severity of the infestation. Some jurisdictions may also issue immediate fines or penalties in the form of a ticket or citation.

You may find the evidence for the pest nuisance below:

Customer served COCKROACH in her meal as Dudley restaurant owner is fined for infestation

By David Cosgrove | Stourbridge | News | Published: Feb 14, 2018

A restaurant was found to be infested by cockroaches after a customer was served one of the pests in her meal.

Shanti Devi Sharma, director of the company which ran Isha’s at Stourbridge Road, Lye, has been fined £9,000 after pleading guilty to nine offences under food safety and hygiene regulations following the incident in March last year.

Dudley magistrates heard that environmental health officers carried out an inspection of the restaurant, after receiving the customer complaint.

And they discovered cockroaches in the kitchen and beneath a chest freezer – sparking the premises to be closed immediately.

This was subsequently backed by a court order, which forced the closure of the business for six weeks until the infestation was eradicated.

Seafront chippy fined £8k over flies and rats in the kitchen

Posted On 09 Mar 2018 at 2:02 pm By Jo Wadsworth

A Brighton fish and chip restaurant owner who allowed his premises to become a breeding ground for flies and rat infestation has been fined more than £8,000.

There is a lot to consider when setting out to prevent pests’ infestation in any restaurant. Vigilance is perhaps most important. Keeping a restaurant rodent-free is an ongoing job. Pest prevention is crucial to not only prevent enforced closure by health inspectors but to also maintain the positive relationships we have with the customers.

Often using the services of pest control companies is opted by the restaurant owners as they find it easier than dealing with the pest at own. But these service providers are themselves not sure of the efficiency of their products.

The hour calls for the need for a solution which is effective and eco-friendly.

We at C Tech Corporation are in a position to provide unique solutions to the problems caused by these creatures.

At C Tech Corporation we make use of Mother Nature’s gift of senses to these insects in developing non- toxic & non-hazardous formulation!

TermirepelTM is a low-toxic, non-hazardous insect aversive. TermirepelTM is a perfect blend of smart technology and green chemistry. This product acts through a series of highly developed intricate mechanism ensuring that the rodents are kept away from the application.

The product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS, and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. Our eco-friendly products do not kill the target species but only repel them.

The products are available in the form of a masterbatch which can be incorporated in pipes, films, cables etc. while manufacturing. This would result in the final cable or wire being insect repellent. This would be an efficient way of deterring the insects from chewing the cables and wires and thus negate the possibility of a short circuit. While the TermirepelTM liquid concentrate, when diluted in paints, can be used to paint the interior and exterior of the restaurants. It can be applied in the kitchen and food storage areas in restaurants.

TermirepelTM lacquer can be coated topically over the applications which need protection. It can be applied to a variety of surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic etc. It can be used on the chairs and tables from hotels. It can be applied on already installed cables and wires, pipes etc.

Our newly developed product in the form of the spray can be sprayed on the pest entry areas. It can be sprayed on the cracks and crevices from where the pests enter. It can be used on the already installed applications like cables, pipes, etc.

Our products provide a safe and environmentally friendly solution to avoid insect infestation in restaurants.

Councillor Ken Muschamp, RBC’s cabinet member for business safety and regulation says “It is a warning to food business operators to act promptly in the event that they become aware of pest problems in order to avoid putting public health at risk.”

Be aware!

If you are facing problems with the sneaky pests that contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

The yellow crazy ants- a major environmental and agricultural pest

Native to Africa, the yellow crazy ant has a long body and very long legs and antennae. Its name comes from its erratic walking style and frantic movements, especially when disturbed. But what’s really crazy about these ants is their odd attraction to electrical equipment. It’s estimated that every year, crazy ants cause more than $146 million in electrical damage. These ants, when electrocuted, release a scent (pheromone), providing a signal to other ants to rush to the scene to find the ‘attacker.’

Yellow crazy ants also damage natural environments, affect the horticulture industry, and cause skin and eye irritations.

The yellow crazy ant is listed as one of the world’s 100 worst invasive alien species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Knowing what these ants have done elsewhere gives us plenty of reasons to be worried if they aren’t eradicated.

The yellow crazy ant was introduced by accident to Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean about 70 years back. It quickly got a foothold and started to take over. The devastating effects of the supercolonies on the island are readily apparent. These ants can overpower reptiles and coconut crabs. An estimated 20 million red crabs have been killed by these ants, about 30% of the island’s entire population! The ants succeed in their killing sprees by injecting an acid into the eye of their victims. The acid is poisonous to the red crabs, and it blinds them leaving them to starve to death or be killed by predators. It was also introduced to Australia accidentally.

Crazy ants are highly adaptable, living in both moist and dry habitats. They establish their nests in the vicinity of trees and plants, inside the rotten wood, under rock and trash, in the soil and in the debris and residue of building standing for a long time. Crazy ants cannot survive extremely cold climates and may invade houses and buildings when the weather changes.

Crazy ants are omnivorous, feeding on both dead and living insects, honeydew produced from insects, fruits, plant secretions, seeds and a variety of household food items such as sweets, meats, grease and liquids.

The ants can be painful and dangerous to people and animals. They spray formic acid when disturbed, and it can be particularly painful if there is contact with the eyes. Spraying can cause skin burns and eye irritation in humans. The ants can kill a large animal in a mass attack. These ants are described as “scavenging predators”. They eat not only small isopods, myriapods, earthworms, mollusks, arachnids, and insects, but also large land crabs, birds, mammals, and reptiles.

The below-mentioned news is an evidence for same:

Invasive ‘crazy’ ant species discovered in New South Wales for first time in more than a decade

By Leah White, ABC North Coast  │ May 25, 2018

An invasive ant species capable of causing blindness and decimating crops has been discovered infesting the CBD of a town on the north coast of New South Wales.

 Farmer temporarily blinded
Queensland resident and cane worker Frank Teodo said he was temporarily blinded by yellow crazy ants.

The Edmonton landholder said the ants wreak havoc on the environment, lifestyles and the health of people and their pets.

“I had them on my property for quite some time,” he said.

“They build up in sufficient numbers, I couldn’t control them — I had a cocktail of chemicals around my house that would have knocked out anything.

“They don’t actually bite, but they spray formic acid, so they can blind your pets, they’ll blind you if you get them near your eyes.

Invasive crazy ants disrupt pollination in pumpkin

Aathira Perinchery, THE HINDU │October 07, 2017

Ant presence may be deterring bees
There is yet another reason to be worried about invasive yellow crazy ants — these aggressive predators of native fauna also disrupt pollination in pumpkin plants causing crop loss finds a recent study published in the journal Biological Invasions. This is the first time that this has been recorded in any plant.

Pollination is vital for fruit formation. However, in the traditionally bee-pollinated pumpkin patches of northern Kerala’s Kasargod district, farmers now hand-pollinate their pumpkin patches, complaining of crop loss otherwise. Scientists at the Central University of Kerala decided to investigate why pumpkin pollinators here were failing.

Ineffective control options adopted to prevent the crazy ant infestation include ant baits, dusts and perimeter granules and sprays. But the ants and many other insects have become immune to the content used in these products. Moreover, the dust powder is insecticide formulated which is dangerous to humans as well as pests. Temporary relief from using products with pyrethroid insecticides is achieved, but re-application is necessary every two to three months.

A permanent solution to this can be a blessing.

C Tech Corporation can offer an eco-friendly solution to the nuisance caused by the insects. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our products work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keep the pests away from the application.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, APVMA, NEA, EU-BPR and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology-based product can protect the crops and prevent the loss caused by the yellow crazy ants and other insects as well.

Our TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated with various polymeric applications like polymeric fences in farms, tree guards, agriculture mulch films, floating row covers, greenhouse films, sprinklers, water pipes, wires, and cables, etc.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and be applied to the interior and exterior of the farms, homes, apartments, electrical equipment, etc.

TermirepelTM is available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied to the application as a topical application. It can be applied to the already laid pipes and tubing in the farm, fences around farms and garden. It can be applied to the already installed applications used in farms and homes. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, metal, concrete, polymers, ceramics, etc.

Thus, using our products, you can get an effective solution to fight menace caused by insects!

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Cukes in danger – Cucumber beetle menace

Cukes are the mouthwatering fruits enjoyed by all. But did you all know that a pest is named after this fruit?

Yes, it’s the “cucumber beetle” know after attacking the cucumber plant.

There are two common species of cucumber beetles – the striped beetle and the spotted beetle, that you may find in your garden which proves to be problems to the grown cucumber.

The adult striped beetles are bright-yellow and have three broad, black stripes running down the length of their wing covers and are 1/4-inch long. Spotted beetles are greenish-yellow with black spots on the wing covers. Striped and spotted cucumber beetles can cause serious losses in cucumbers, muskmelons, and watermelons.

Cucumber beetles are a major concern to muskmelon and cucumber growers because they vector the bacteria that causes a disease, bacterial wilt of cucurbits.

Both species overwinter as adults in weedy areas and emerge in spring to mate and lay eggs. Though these newly emerged beetles don’t feed very much before breeding and laying eggs, their larvae burrow into the ground and feed on plant roots for several weeks.

Once these underground larvae complete their pupation, they emerge as adults. This is the generation that causes the most damage to gardens.

Adult beetles chew ragged holes in plant leaves and may consume entire cucumber blossoms. Unfortunately, newly planted, young seedlings can be consumed quickly.

Take Control Of Cucumber Beetles

By Lauren María Alexander|October 3, 2016

Striped cucumber beetle is known to cause major losses in cucurbit crops including cantaloupe, cucumbers, squash, and pumpkins. Because the beetle transmits the bacteria Erwinia tracheiphila, also known as bacterial wilt, managing damage caused by the pest requires a multipronged approach.

According to Shelby Fleischer from the Department of Entomology at Pennsylvania State University, adult beetles overwinter and feed on both the above- and below-ground portions of cucurbits including plant tissue, leaves, and roots. If you are growing large-flowered crops such as pumpkins or winter squash, beetles also will aggregate inside the flowers.

Striped and spotted cucumber beetles as pests of cucurbits in Michigan
Cucumber beetles are the primary insect pest of all vine crops in Michigan

May 31, 2017, by Amanda Buchanan

Striped and spotted cucumber beetles attack a variety of cucurbit crops, including winter and summer squash, cucumber and watermelon. While cucumber beetle larvae feed on cucurbit roots, adult beetles cause more economically important damage. Striped cucumber beetles are specialists on cucurbits while spotted cucumber beetles feed on other plants in addition to cucurbits.

Traditionally many pesticides have been used to prevent the nuisance caused by these insects but all of them have proved ineffective. The pesticides are not only harmful to the insects but also to the humans.

However, cucumber beetles also are responsible for a fair amount of cucumber pollination, so having those as a part of our ecosystem is necessary. So, killing them is not a solution to keep these pests away from the gardens.

The traditionally used pesticides and other ineffective methods are of no use to protect the cuke plantation from these pests and there is a need of an effective product to keep these pests away from the cuke plants!

At C Tech Corporation we offer a safe and effective solution to deal with these insects.

TermirepelTM is a non-toxic, non-hazardous product that primarily repels insects from the application. The best feature of this product is that it is environmentally safe and causes no harm to insects as well as for humans.

TermirepelTM product is available in the form of a masterbatch, liquid concentrate which is diluted in paints in a specific ratio and lacquer.

Termirepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous broad-spectrum insect aversive masterbatch which works not only against the beetles but a host of other insects.

TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated in different kinds of agricultural and gardening films, irrigational pipes, cables, and wires etc. and is found to be effective against the most aggressive insects.

To prevent the damage causing from cucumber beetles to your crops and plants films can be incorporated with TermirepelTM masterbatch which can be used to cover the area or mulches. These films can also be wrapped around cukes to prevent damage.

The liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints and be applied on the concrete fences around the gardens.

The lacquer can be used on the wooden fences or stem holders or metal equipment used in the cuke plantation.

All this can be done by just repelling the insect and not killing them. Thus, following the course of ecological balance and sustainability.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Termites: The wood destroyer

Termites have been around for more than 240 million years. Homeowners suffer average $7,900 of damage before realizing they have termites. Termites release an estimated 176 billion pounds of “greenhouse gas” per year. Termites not only damage woods but now they are also damaging wires and cables

Generally, termites live in trees, lumber, soil, and wooden structures.

The diet of the termites is made of organic fiber, cellulose, plants like grass etc. The cellulose is the one which provides the termites with nutrients which they need to survive since they cannot digest the cellulose directly; therefore, they have other microorganisms like the protozoans and bacteria in their stomach which helps them to break the cellulose so that it can be digested by their metabolism.

Do termites get attracted to wood?

Yes, termites get attracted to wood they eat wood in houses, utility poles, furniture, dying trees etc.

Since wood is difficult to consume and digest, termites are equipped with special mouthparts for chewing wood and other forms of cellulose which cannot be digested directly.

In many numbers of cases termites invasion cannot be noticed, once the colonies are built up then termites can stay for a long period of time without being noticed.

The evidence for termite damage is reported below.

Call Collett: Termites infest Hanahan home
Posted: Jun 14, 2018, 08:05 AM EDT

Termites infested the family’s Hanahan home two years ago.  With the siding off to investigate, termites were found in walls, the floor, the windows, in the master bedroom and bathroom.

There were remnants on the front stairs. The Woods expected Arrow to cover the fix since their contract with them covers up to $250,000 in repairs.

After a survey, BMC gets cracking on Bandra’s termite-infested
TNN | Jun 16, 2018, 05:50 IST

MUMBAI: Barely three days after TOI reported how a survey by residents of Bandra’s Mount Mary Road found 49 of 189 trees along their road infested with termites, BMC sent a team on Friday morning to inspect and begin treating them. Residents said the spraying of chemicals around the base where termites were spotted was a relief as they feared the trees would crash. In the past week, one person died while another was injured in tree crashes.

Maria D’Souza, the chairperson of Mount Mary Kane Road advanced locality management (ALM), said it was heartening to see officials take action. “The H westward team cut branches officials take action. “The H westward team cut branches of trees naturally dead and inspected others. Chemical treatment was also given where required,” she said.

Super termites’ have moved into the Midlands. They can eat your home 10 times faster
Updated: July 12, 2018, 12:14 PM

The dreaded “super termite” has come to the Midlands.

Rodney Dorn of Columbia-based Modern Exterminating was inspecting a Lexington County house in June when he came across a colony of termites that were different than those native to the area. He took a sample to Dr. Eric Benson, an entomology professor at Clemson, and Benson confirmed it was a Formosan subterranean termite — colloquially referred to as a “super termite.”

Super termites earn their nickname by aggressively eating through the wood. In under a month, a colony can chew through a foot-long 2X4, according to an article from Pestworld.org.

“They eat about 10 times faster than our eastern subterranean termite (which is) what we have here,” said Modern Exterminating owner Glenn Matthews.

While termites native to the Midlands often have colonies in the thousands, super termites have colonies in the millions, according to an article from the University of Florida. Super termites, which can burrow underground 300 feet from a hive, are also exceptionally difficult to kill.

Super termites are an invasive species from Asia that were introduced into America in the 1950s, most likely after military hardware — such as wooden pallets infected with Formosan termites — returned home from the Korean War, Benson said.

As termites are resistance to pesticides, they do not get affected by the pesticides.

In order to keep the termites away we do require a strong result and for this, our product Termirepel™ manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low toxic, nonhazardous, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints and organic solvent in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the storage area, ceiling, panels exterior and interior of the wall as to be protected from termites.

Our product in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with the surfaces wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires which are already installed etc.

Our product in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like polymeric tree guards, pipes, wires, cables, polymeric material, instruments and equipment’s which are attacked by termites.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, BPR, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

 

 

Termirepel (TM) – To keep ants at a bay!

You see that black trail and following it you reach your kitchen. Then you reach to the rack placed with sugar container and the container seems to be filled less of sugar but more of these pesky creatures!

You know well which creatures I am talking about!

Yes, those are the ants!

Ants usually live in wood or soil outside our house, and only march into our house to gather food. On the other hand, ants may live inside our house as well.

Ants love sugar! They’re attracted to sweet substances but are an omnivorous insect, which means they’ll eat any type of edible substance they can find. They also need water to survive. They enter different structures in order to scavenge for food.

There are many species of nuisance ants that invade our homes – they come in all different sizes and colors.

Carpenter ant infestations often go unnoticed until it is a costly situation to correct. The damage caused by carpenter ants is distinct although it is often confused with termite damage. While termites feed on the cellulose found in the wood, carpenter ants excavate galleries or tunnels in decaying wood. Contrary to popular belief, carpenter ants do not actually eat the wood. Rather, they hollow it out to nest inside, which may result in structural damage.

Rotted wood in window frames and similar spots provides an ideal home for acrobat ants and other ant species. Tiny grease ants may seem to appear out of nowhere and sneak into food containers. Rather, they are appearing out of tiny gaps and cavities in the kitchen, including spaces behind kitchen cabinets. Such nests can be difficult to find.

When one ant finds food or water they will lay down a chemical trail that guides other worker ants to the source – you will see trails of ants going back and forth from the food or water.

These creatures seem too small but the menace they cause is huge!

Not sure?! See below!

It’s the invasion of the yellow ants. And they’re out of control

BY JOHANNA A. ÁLVAREZ – Miami hERALD

November 15, 2017 01:26 PM

Updated November 15, 2017 01:45 PM

Just in time for the winter season, a new group of visitors has descended on South Florida. But they’re not friendly tourists.

An invasive species of yellow ants (Plagiolepis alluaudi) has arrived in the Riverland neighborhood of Fort Lauderdale, researchers at the University of Florida have discovered.

These types of ants, natives of Madagascar, have never been seen outside of Hawaii in the United States, according to the experts.

“By the time you detect them, the colonies are so big and spread out that they are hard to control,” said Thomas Chouvenc, UF assistant professor of urban entomology based at the Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center.

They’re also difficult to get rid of.

Ant swarm attacks Karratha woman as she eats a muesli bar

ABC North West WA

By Kendall O’Connor , Joseph Dunstan and Ewan Gilbert

Updated 9 Nov 2017, 10:49am

Two bites of a muesli bar was all it took for Deanne Cook to feel like she was on fire.

The Karratha resident quickly realized it was not just the snack she was eating but dozens of tiny ants.

“It was like I was on fire. I was in the shower sobbing,” she said.

“I didn’t even knowing what had happened until I went back to the pantry and saw the carnage.

A colony of ants had attacked her food, in some cases chewing through sealed packets.

The most common tool used to manage ants are the insecticides. The ants have got immune to the traditionally used insecticides.  However, besides being extremely toxic and harmful to the environment, most insecticides used for ant control will destroy beneficial insects. Also, usage of such harmful insecticides in a home can be dangerous not only to the ants but also to our kids and pets!

Now, we no longer should depend on these conventional, toxic insecticides to deal with these pests!

To deal with the menace caused by these ants we have come up with eco-friendly and non-hazardous methods!

C Tech Corporation offers a range of non-toxic, non-hazardous anti-insect aversive, which can be successfully used to keep pesky ants at bay.

Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repel them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species of insects against which this product works.

The products temporarily inhibit the mating cycle of the insects. It temporarily impairs the ability of insects to reproduce, i.e. the female will not lay eggs. The product triggers an unpleasant reaction within any insect which might try to feed on the application, ensuring that it is kept away from feeding on the treated area. It temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

This product can be easily used against ants and many other insects.

The product can be used in the form of a masterbatch which can be incorporated with various polymeric applications while they are manufactured. This will prevent the ants from feeding on such applications. The polymeric cables and wires, pipes and other household applications can be incorporated with our products to keep ants away.

The product in the form of liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints in a specific ration and applied on the walls, instruments, equipment etc.

It can be used in terms of lacquer as a form that can be coated on the wooden, polymeric, metal and a variety of end applications. The lacquer can be applied to the fence, wooden objects, furniture, ceilings etc. to keep ants away from homes, buildings and other public places. The kitchen cabinets can be coated using our lacquer to prevent ants from entering the stored goods.

Contact us if you are facing problems with these pesky little ants and other insects:

Write us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com if you are facing nuisance caused by the pests!

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Pest nuisance in poultry farms

About 5k million chickens are being raised every year as a source of food, both meat and eggs of chicken. The commercial egg laying industry is comprised of over 273 million laying hens, of which about 237 million produce table eggs, the eggs one buys at the supermarket and the rest for fertile hatching eggs as a replacement for the laying flocks.

But the huge poultry industry has to face the nuisance caused certain insects!

Litter beetles are common pests in poultry houses and are well known for eating feed, disturbing chickens, harboring diseases and causing damage to the poultry housing. If the infestation in the house is heavy enough, beetles are even known to kill weakened chickens in their search for moisture and food. In addition to directly affecting the birds, beetles can cause significant damage to poultry houses – it is common for them to do damage to wood and insulation while searching for food and place to pupate. Litter beetles are nocturnal insects, have no natural enemies in the environment, and because of their long association with birds are attracted to ammonia.

In the past few years, litter beetles have become the most serious pest affecting several types of poultry production systems. Entomologists who work with arthropod pests of poultry give priority to litter beetles because they have a high reproductive rate, are difficult to control, are vectors of disease, cause considerable damage to insulation in poultry facilities, and may migrate from litter disposal sites to urban housing areas where they are a nuisance. They also may consume considerable amounts of poultry feed if they are very numerous.

Because the beetles feed on poultry carcasses and because poultry may feed on them, litter beetles are mechanical vectors of several diseases, including Marck’s disease, avian influenza, salmonella, fowl pox, coccidiosis, botulism and New Castle disease. They also are reservoirs of and vectors of cecal worms and tapeworms.

Adult litter beetles are black or dark reddish-brown and about 1/4 inch long.   Larvae are yellowish-brown and

Poultry lice are small, less than 1/8 inch, wingless insects with chewing mouthparts.

The most common are brown chicken lice and chicken body lice. Less important are large chicken lice, shaft lice, chicken head lice, fluff lice, and several other species which are rarely present.

Egg production is reduced, and heavily infested birds refuse to eat and gradually lose weight. Lice can be observed moving on the skin when feathers are parted, especially around the vent, head, and underwings.

Several kinds of mites attack poultry. The most common are chicken mites and northern fowl mites. Occasionally scaly-leg mites are a problem. Mites vary in size 1/16  to 1/8 inch long and structure, have eight legs, and have mouthparts on the anterior of the body. Usually, there are no clearly defined body divisions.

Chicken mites feed at night. During the day they remain in cracks around roosts and interior portions of poultry houses. At night, they feed on the birds as they roost or nest. Chicken mites are small and grey or yellow in color but darken after filling with blood. Northern fowl mites remain on poultry. They are small and red or brown. Feathers of infested birds are discolored by mite excrement and eggs, and the skin is scabby. Scaly-leg mites burrow under the skin, especially on the lower legs and feet. Legs become scaly, swollen, and exude lymph fluid. Severely infested birds may be crippled or unable to walk.

The common bedbug and several other closely related insects feed on poultry. They are flat, wingless, bloodsucking insects that are about 1/5 inch long when fully grown.  They have a very distinctive pungent odor when crushed. Bedbugs feed at night, hiding and laying eggs behind insulation, in wall cracks, loose boards, nests and other dark areas during the day. At night they move to sleep birds and suck their blood. Small, dark fecal spots around cracks, roosts, and on chicken eggs frequently are observed. Bedbugs can be carried into poultry houses by other birds or into human dwellings where they become a pest of humans.

Other blood-feeding insects or mites that may occasionally be pests of poultry include chigger mites, biting midges, and black flies (turkey gnats). Chiggers may be a problem where turkeys are kept on an open range.  Chiggers often are covered with dense, feathered hairs that give them a velvety appearance. They are often bright red with a figure-eight-shaped body about 1 mm long.
Feeding by the chigger (larvae) creates scabby, reddish lesions that require two to three weeks to heal after the engorged mites leave the bird.
House flies are the most persistent and common fly pest, although other species such as blowflies and little house flies also are present. House flies do not bite poultry, but are severe nuisances, and can spread some poultry diseases. House flies are present because of poultry manure and exposed wet feed, which is ideal feeding and breeding materials.

Rodents, insects, poor sanitation found at Rose Acre egg facility

BY DAN FLYNN | MAY 8, 2018

FDA’s Form 483, observations for the March 26 to April 11, 2018 inspection of Hyde County Egg at 1560 Hyde Park Canal Road in Pantego, NC, documents problems at the production facility for three million hens producing 2.3 million eggs per day.
pests were a problem dating back to at least September 2017, according to records examined by FDA inspectors.

A steel wool scrubber was removed by an employee from a dustpan of water and egg mix and used to scrub debris off the egg buffers.

Finally, numerous flying insects were inside the egg processing facility.

Rose Acre’s recall is the largest since 2010 when 550 million eggs were called back from two Iowa egg production facilities owned by one-time egg baron Austin “Jack” Decoster.

“Jack” and Peter DeCoster and Quality Egg LLC paid a total of $7 million in fines, and the father and son each served three months jail for allowing their bad eggs to reach the market. Almost 2,000 people were sickened by the recalled DeCoster eggs.

The invited pests must be stopped from entering the poultry. To achieve same the poultry owners spray dangerous insecticides and pesticides in the farms which is dangerous for the animals from the poultry farms. Also, even after fumigating the pests continue to enter the poultry premises.

C Tech Corporation can offer an eco-friendly solution to the nuisance caused by the insects in the poultry farms. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our products work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keep the pests away from the application.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, APVMA, NEA, EU-BPR and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology-based product can protect the crops and prevent the loss caused by the corn rootworm and other insects as well.

Our TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated with various polymeric applications like feeder, drinkers, incubators, foggers, plates etc. used in the poultry farms.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and be applied on the interior and exterior of the poultry farms.

TermirepelTM is available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied to the application as a topical application. It can be applied to the already laid pipes and tubing in the poultry farm. It can be applied to the already installed applications used in poultry farms. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, metal, concrete, polymers, ceramics, etc.

Thus, using our products, you can get an effective solution to fight menace caused by insects!

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

The khapra beetles – Grain destroyer

This insect has put a restriction on import of commodities where it harbors. Quality checks are done to make sure that this insect does not invade a new place. The importer fear khapra beetle, a native Indian insect!

The Khapra Beetle is one of the world’s most destructive pests of stored grain products and seeds. It is considered one of the 100 worst invasive species in the world.

It can cause losses of up to 75% from direct feeding. Infested grain also becomes contaminated with beetles, cast skins and hairs from larvae, which can be a health risk and are difficult to remove from grain storage structures and transport vessels. Handling or consuming contaminated grain and seed products can lead to health issues such as skin irritation and gastrointestinal distress.

Established infestations are difficult to control because the beetle can survive without food for long periods, requires little moisture, hides in tiny cracks and crevices, and is relatively resistant to many insecticides and fumigants.

Khapra beetle can reproduce rapidly in stored products under hot conditions. These beetles tend to crawl into tiny cracks and crevices and remain there for long periods. Adult khapra beetles have wings, but apparently, do not fly.

Khapra beetle will feed on most any dried plant or animal matter. Khapra beetles, however, prefer grain and cereal products, particularly wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, rice, flour, malt, and noodles. They can feed on products with as little as 2% moisture content and can develop on an animal matter such as dead mice, dried blood, and dried insects.

Khapra beetle infestation can spoil otherwise valuable trade goods and threaten significant economic losses if introduced to a new area. Presence of this pest attracts trade restriction implications. Non-Khapra beetle countries enforce quarantine restrictions on the imported commodities from Khapra beetle countries.

The Khapra beetle has become established in many Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, Asian and African countries. It has also been discovered in North America. United States customs agents have discovered it in isolated infestations on the East and West coast of the United States.

Now, the khapra beetle is discovered in many new areas!

One of “world’s most destructive insects” found at Philadelphia airport

By Jared Shelly

Sep 25, 2014, 12:11am

The khapra beetle is one of the most destructive insects in the world, so kudos to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection who intercepted one at the airport.

‘Dangerous and invasive’ Khapra beetle intercepted at Pearson

By Laurent Bastien Corbeil Staff Reporter – The Star

Native to India, hardy beetle will attack almost any kind of stored food product and is hard to kill.

The Pan Am Games are over, but Toronto is still attracting travelers from around the world — some with more legs than others.

U.S border agents at the airport said Tuesday they found a large quantity of Khapra beetles, considered one of the world’s most destructive stored-product pests, in a plastic bag of dried beans.

The bag had been checked in by a passenger from Somalia and was on its way to Atlanta before being intercepted by U.S authorities.

The oval Khapra beetle, about 1.6-3 mm long, is particularly dangerous because, unlike other invasive species, it feeds on healthy grains. And once the insect buries itself inside a shipment, it becomes a haven for bacteria.

In the more severe cases, infested seeds can lose up to 70 percent of their weight.

“They are difficult to control once they are established somewhere because they will attack any kind of stored product,” said Stéphanie Boucher, an entomologist at McGill University. Wheat, barley, rice, flower, pasta and even chocolate, she said, are all seen as food by the beetle.

When these beetles have got immune to insecticides, what can be the solution to keep them away from the areas where they cause a nuisance?

C Tech Corporation has a solution to stop the nuisance caused by the khapra beetles!

TermirepelTM an anti-insect aversive is the best solution to combat the menace caused by khapra beetles.

TermirepelTM is available in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated with the base polymers like PVC, LDPE, HDPE, etc. while manufacturing polymeric applications like agricultural films, tree guards, wires and cables, pipes, polymeric harnesses, etc. The masterbatch can be incorporated in plastic mulches used to cover trees.

The liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and can be applied as a topical application on interior and exterior of grain warehouses, concrete fences around farms, etc.

The lacquer can be applied topically on a variety of surfaces like the wood, concrete, polymeric surfaces, metals, etc. It can be applied on the wooden fences around farms. It can be applied on already installed applications like pipes, pumps, motor, cables etc.

To keep the insects at the bay TermirepelTM lacquer as well as the liquid concentrate can be sprayed or coated on the tree trunks.

TermirepelTM is effective against a multitude of other insects like beetles, mayflies, thrips, aphids, etc. The repelling mechanism of the product would ward off the khapra beetles and other insects that could cause any damage.

If you are facing problems against the pests you may contact us on:
technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel