Non Toxic solution to Bedbugs

Pests like termites, roaches, ants, beetles are a nuisance to people and cause damage to a number of industries. Apart from these images (2) insects, bed bugs are a large problem and cause inconvenience and damage.

Bedbugs are found in a number of locations including homes, household furniture, office buildings and most commonly in hotels and transport like trains, buses etc. The railways are one of the most infested areas of bedbugs.

These insects are small, brownish and flattened and can crawlbedbug rapidly over floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces. Adult female bedbugs can give about 500 eggs during and the eggs take a week to hatch. Bedbugs can develop fully in a month.

In houses bedbugs are found in mattresses, bed frames, furniture, wall cracks and even in electrical switches. Bedbug bites result in skin rashes and allergic symptoms. They cause inconvenience and problems.

Bedbug Infestation

Bedbugs are difficult to control. A bedbug infestation may take weeks or months before it is discovered and the infestation which can lead to increase in bedbugs. Presence of eggs and spots is a sign of bedbugs.

Railways are largely affected by bedbug infestations. The Southern railways in India are one of the most affected. There have been a number of cases in which passengers had to face inconvenience due to bed bug infestation on the seating and berthing in the AC compartments.untitled1

Control of Bedbugs

Bedbugs are difficult to get rid of. These insects can remain in a structure for years. A thorough inspection is required to determine the presence of bedbugs. Various methods of removal for bedbugs have been used but even with multiple methods removal of bedbugs is difficult.

Bedbugs can live in any location and are mainly found in cracks. They are attracted to wood and fabric materials.

Disposal of infested materials

The disposal of the infested material is done in case of severe infestations. However this method is inconvenient and expensive and causes loss of the materials.


Vacuuming of bedbugs has also been used as a method of removal. Vacuuming can pick up bed bugs, but bed bug eggs are not removed as they are sticky and remain on surfaces. This method is not effective and can also be a source of bed bug distribution.

Bedbugs are not killed by vacuuming and can remain in the interiors of vacuum cleaners and spread.


Toxic pesticides are applied to the cracks and areas which containimage bedbugs. However bedbugs are resistant to most pyrethroid pesticides. The powders or dust are difficult to apply andimages (3) are also toxic and affect people. They release toxic fumes and are dangerous.

Treatments with aerosols are ineffective against well-hidden bed bugs and can cause a fire hazard.


Heat treatment

Dry Steam is also used to tackle the bedbug problem. heater_systemSteam must be at least 113 degrees Fahrenheit. However this method is expensive and can also cause hazards around electrical outlets. It is also inconvenient to use. Portable heaters and fans are used to heat the air.

Heating of the infested materials in special equipment has also been used. However this method is not suitable for large scale applications ad may not get rid of all bed bugs

Heat treatment is inconvenient to use and requires special equipment. Higher temperatures can damage furnishings and electronic equipment. Heat treatment also does not prevent a structure from being re-infested after it is heat treated.

Cold Treatment

Cold treatment, using cold air on the materials has been used but has limited efficacy. Equipment using spot freezing has also been used to treat areas with bed bugs. However this method does not remove all bedbugs and prevent against infestation.

Bedbug Bait

Baits have been used to trap bedbugs. The bait is a container which is placed under images (4)furniture. The bed bugs climb on to the bait and are trapped, they cannot move out due to the slippery surface of the container. This method is not suitable for large scale use and is not effective in the removal of bedbugs.

An effective solution is required to prevent bedbug infestations. Termirepel™ is a non toxic, non hazardous, anti termite and anti insect aversive.

Termirepel™ has been tested in the Indian railways with favourable results. The pantry coaches and walls of the coaches were coated with a lacquer and paint solution and the coaches were put in running condition.  The coaches were inspected every 3 months and there were no pests found as compared to untreated coaches.

Termirepel™ can be used in berthing and seating in railways. It can also be used a lacquer coating for wooden materials to protect against pests.

Termirepel™ can be effectively used for a number of applications in masterbatch as well as coating form to repel bedbugs.

Termirepel™ – An Effective Solution

Termites are a group of social insects that are regularly on the verge of producing a vast numberformosan-termites of colonies. They eat nonstop i.e. 24 hours in a day and seven days a week. The termites survive on cellulose they derive from their nutrient sources like wood of living trees, timber sources and also paper, cloth, furniture etc.

The two most invasive species of termites that are very common are: Drywood and Formosan Subterranean termites. The drywood termites are attracted towards the dry wood which implies that they do not require any sort of source Drywood-Termites-300x197of moisture whereas in case of subterranean termites, they require a moisture source for their habitat. The subterranean species comprise a large number of members in a single colony around a million members and additionally, they can attack wood at a very rapid rate.

Few evidences in various sectors are discussed below.

Agricultural Sector

Though the termites are significant natural decomposers and play a very essential role by degrading the dead and decaying organic matter but there is a worst side of these ecologically important organisms.

They are responsible for numerous preharvest as well as postharvest losses damaging a major percentage of agricultural crops like maize, corn, peanuts, coffee etc owing to their ravenous assam-termitesappetite for their cellulose content. They also damage the proper functioning of the farming infrastructure and equipments and the grain storage bags as well as the containers for shipping the agricultural products.


They can destroy any property/ building structure causing an estimated $ 300 million every yearAssassin Exterminating Photos 015 especially Formosan Subterranean termites. They can enter into any property through slits in the footings, can damage the foundation, footings and slabs and also eat through the roof support beams and cause it to collapse. Once they find an entry into any building structure, they will destroy any cellulosic material.


Wires and Cables.Termite-Pictures-termite-damage-2

The termites are also known to cause power/ electrical losses by damaging the electrical panels. Termites are attracted to warmth and hence have the affinity for wired and cables. They also eat through plastic water pipes, lead batteries, car tyres and even billiard balls.

Recently, a group of termites attacked the German base on the Afghan Border causing a 12575short circuit of electronic equipment causing the collapse of the runway. The termites have already infested 200 hectares of the airport land including under the concrete runway that may cause a collapse when heavy planes land.



Termites like bedbugs and cockroaches are a nuisance for the passengers travelling in The bedbugs are commonly found in wooden furniture, sofa linens, sheets, seat births in the trains etc. The passengers travelling in the AC coaches have encountered such bedbug bites, infestations. Their infestations are carriers of dreadful diseases.

Termites are perennial problems. Permanent, non toxic solution, sustainable solution should be adopted to take care of these tiny creatures.

PA-12-Unsuitable for wires and cables

Polyamide-12 (PA-12) is a polymer commonly known as Nylon 12. As nylon is images (35)made up of repeating units of amide bonds so it is known as polyamide. Its molecular weight is less than 10,000 Daltons.

PA-12 has impact resistance; resistance to fatigue caused by load change and is suitable for use in automobile industry.

It is used in various fields like in damping cogwheels, protective coverings, ski boots, and tubing. It is also used in petrol and oil pipes for the automotive and machine building industries, sheet gaskets and diaphragms.

PA-12 is a key product for automobile sector as it is used in coating and connectorimages (58) applications for fuel handling and braking systems. It is used in fuel lines, brake lines, pipelines, even handles of certain power tools.

The recession in automotive sector lead to the PA-12 manufactures to shift their market to a secondary sector. It is used in secondary market like wires and cables in countries like Australia, New Zealand and India. It has been used for the protection from termites and rodents as the outer jacket for the fiber optic cables. It is considered as anti-rodent and anti-termite which is a complete misconception.

With the resurgence of the automobile industry, the PA-12 demand increased. As itwire_1 has limited manufacturers across the world, PA-12 is in shortage. It is a hard plastic but not an anti-termite as it get damaged by the formic acid secreted by termites and other insects. PA-12 gets damaged by the formic acid secreted by the termites and insects such as beetle, bees, fire ants, wasps and hornets.  Formic acid is a colorless liquid having a highly pungent, penetrating odor, at room temperature. 3% of the body weight of termites is made up of formic acid.

asThus large damage to PA12 is caused by formic acid secretions by termites and other insects. In Bopal-Itarsi railway track, fiber optic cables were laid along the tracks. They were jacketed by 1mm layer of PA-12. After 2 months, the cables worn down by rodents.

There are only 4 major manufacturers in the world- EMS Chemie, Evonik-Degussa, UBE and Arkema, so the production is limited. The Evonik Industry plant in western Germany had a explosion and fire due to which there is a further shortage of Complex-Nylon-Tube-PA11-PA12-Multilayer-Nylon-Tubepolyamide-12. As around 60-70% of the 7million tones of polyamide-12 capacity is used by the automotive sector. Due to the shortage of PA-12 faced by the core sectors like automotive industry, it is unsuitable for use in cables industry. It was also used as an anti-rodent and anti-termite additive, which it is not further highlighting the unsuitability of PA12.

There is a need to protect wires and cables from rodents and termites with non-toxic, non hazardous and environmentally safe additives.

Termirepel is a non-poisonous, non-hazardous, eco-friendly anti-termite aversive which is used to keep away the termites from applications. Termirepel™     is compatible with all kind of polymers and paints both in lacquer and oil. It is also available in masterbatch in LDPE as well as EVA form and can be safely incorporated with wires and cables to protect it from termites.