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Termirepel™ – An Effective Solution

Termites are a group of social insects that are regularly on the verge of producing formosan-termitesa vast number of colonies. They eat nonstop i.e. 24 hours in a day and seven days a week. The termites survive on cellulose they derive from their nutrient sources like wood of living trees, timber sources and also paper, cloth, furniture etc.

The two most invasive species of termites that are very common are: Drywood and Formosan Subterranean termites. The drywood termites are attracted towards the dry wood which implies that they do not require any sort of source Drywood-Termites-300x197of moisture whereas in case of subterranean termites, they require a moisture source for their habitat. The subterranean species comprise a large number of members in a single colony around a million members and additionally, they can attack wood at a very rapid rate.

Few evidences in various sectors are discussed below.

Agricultural Sector

Though the termites are significant natural decomposers and play a very essential role by degrading the dead and decaying organic matter but there is a worst side of these ecologically important organisms.

They are responsible for numerous preharvest as well as postharvest losses damaging a major percentage of agricultural crops like maize, corn, peanuts, coffee etc owing to their ravenous appetite for their cellulose content. assam-termitesThey also damage the proper functioning of the farming infrastructure and equipments and the grain storage bags as well as the containers for shipping the agricultural products.

Infrastructure

They can destroy any property/ building structure causing an estimated $ 300 million every year especially Formosan Subterranean termites. They can enter into any property through slits in the footings, can damage the foundation, footings and slabs and also eat through the roof support beams and cause it to collapse. Once they find an entry into any building structure, they will destroy any cellulosic material.

Wires and Cables.

The termites are also known to cause power/ electrical losses by damaging the electrical panels. Termites are attracted to warmth and hence have the affinity for wired and cables. They also eat through plastic water pipes, lead batteries, car tyres and even billiard balls.

Recently, a group of termites attacked the German base on the Afghan Border causing a short circuit of electronic equipment causing the collapse of the runway. The termites have already infested 200 hectares of the airport land including under the concrete runway that may cause a collapse when heavy planes land.

Railways

Termites like bedbugs and cockroaches are a nuisance for the passengers travelling in trains. The bedbugs are commonly found in wooden furniture, sofa linens, sheets, seat births in the trains etc. The passengers travelling in the AC coaches have encountered such bedbug bites, infestations. Their infestations are carriers of dreadful diseases.

Termites are perennial problems. Permanent, non toxic solution, sustainable solution should be adopted to take care of these tiny creatures.

Kudzu Bugs…

Kudzu bugs are a type of insect known as a true bug because of their semi membranous wing type and piercing sucking mouth parts. They are approximately 4 to 6 mm long as adults and are a mottled green and brown color. Many people mistake them for beetles, but they can easily be differentiated by their beaklike piercing sucking mouthparts. Beetles all have chewing mouthparts.

images (2)Kudzu bugs get their name from the fact they are known to feed on kudzu. They use their piercing mouthparts to suck juices from the plant. Unfortunately they also feed on other plants, including crops such as soybeans, which results in them being considered an agricultural pest.

Kudzu bugs are a recent addition to the U.S. list of invasive species. They were first sighted in Georgia in 2009 and are suspected to originate from Asia. Currently they have spread through several southeastern states, including North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.

Homeowners usually are more concerned with kudzu bugs because of their overwintering habits similar to box elder bugs, cluster flies and Asian multicolored lady beetles. During the warm summer months, people do not see the bugs. Once fall temperatures start dropping, kudzu bugs congregate in massive numbers on sun-exposed surfaces to warm themselves. Next they locate sheltered voids, cracks and crevices to survive the winter, which can include people’s homes. Once indoors, they do not feed or reproduce. They are dormant during the winter, unless there is a warm day, and will vacate the building with the warmth of the spring.download (1)

Having potentially thousands of bugs crawling throughout the home is a traumatic experience for homeowners. The bugs also have an alarming chemical defense. When disturbed they release an unpleasant smell. One bug is slightly smelly but it can be quite pungent when large numbers release the chemical.

Kudzu bug females typically lay their eggs on the underside of the host plants.  Nymphs hatch and begin feeding on the plants. Eventually they mature into adults, reproduce and start the life cycle anew.

The mass sightings of the adults are the most disturbing sign for homeowners. If large numbers are disturbed, they can produce a strong odor. Host plants also may show sign of damage as the bugs feed.

Master Gardener – Tips for when Kudzu bugs cozy up for winter

By Charlotte Glen

Published: Friday, November 8, 2013 at 8:50 a.m.

 If insects placed personal ads, kudzu bugs would probably be running something along these lines right about now: “Small, brown, square bug seeking a cozy place to spend the winter with a few hundred of my best friends. No food required. Will be out by spring.”

If kudzu bugs are knocking at your door seeking a place to overwinter, your best defense may be a vacuum cleaner, since pesticides have little impact on this persistent invader. The good news is they will not damage your home and their rush to find winter housing will likely be over by Thanksgiving.

Kudzu bug 101

Native to China and India, kudzu bugs were first found in the United States in the fall of 2009, just outside of Atlanta. Since then, these small but highly mobile insects have spread throughout the kudzu-infested South, including most of North Carolina’s 100 counties. Kudzu bugs were first recorded in Pender, New Hanover and Brunswick counties in the fall of 2011.

During the summer months, kudzu bugs feed on kudzu, soybeans, field peas, butter beans and other legumes, but when the weather turns cooler they start to seek a place to spend the winter. Kudzu bugs overwinter as fully mature adults nestled under tree bark, tucked into mulch or leaf litter, or stowed away inside your house. People living near soybean fields or kudzu-infested areas, or who have hyacinth bean or wisteria vines in their yards, are most likely to see kudzu bugs around their homes.

The above article shows the futility of using pesticides against the Kudzu bugs. The products which should be used against these bugs need to be 100% effective to stop the infestations. Here comes the role of C Tech Corporation.pb-111017-kudzu-bugs-jb-01.grid-6x2

Termirepel®™can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target insects or termites but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product is available in the form of masterbatches and can be incorporated into polymeric applications. It is also available in the form of lacquer which can be coated onto our home walls and fences by preventing these bugs from entering our homes and gardens.

This product is one of a kind and has a long shelf life. It is 100% effective and is a green solution.

 

Thirp Damage….

Found in a rainbow of North American plants from avocados to beans, onions, citrus trees and images (4)market flowers, thrips are tiny insects. These species that are plant feeders can scar leaf, flower or fruit surfaces with silvery speckling when they puncture and suck out the cell’s content. Conversely, heavy pest populations can severely distort flowers and damage fruit. Other thrip species function as beneficial insects by eating mites, fungal spores and pollen.

When thrips have fed on a bud, it will often fail to open; or if it does open, the flower will be deformed. Flowers upon which the thrips feed may also become streaked and/or discolored. When thrips feed on plant leaves, the leaves will dry out and appear speckled with silvery flakes. The leaves will eventually wilt and fall off.

To lay its eggs, the female thrip will make a slit in a leaf then lay 25 to 50 eggs within it. The eggs can develop into adults within three weeks, or sooner for some species. Many species of thrips also reproduce asexually. They can produce many generations in a single season.

In addition to damaging and feeding on plants, thrips are known to bite humans. They can cause both skin and respiratory irritation to people, according to the University of Michigan, particularly to workers in fields where infestations exist.I-TS-FOCC-CD.008h

Thrips are small insects, only about 1/20″, but they can cause a lot of damage. At maturity, they are yellowish or blackish with fringed wings.  Nymphs have a similar shape but lack the wings. They are usually yellowish to white. Thrips are poor flyers. As a result, damage often occurs in one part of the plant then slowly spreads throughout it.

Thrips feed in buds, folded leaves, and other unexposed areas of plants. This makes them difficult to treat with an insecticide. They feed by sucking juices from the plant causing stippling, or small scars, on leaves, flowers and fruit. This results in stunting of the plant, leaf distortion and premature leaf drop. Flowers may be deformed and fail to open properly. Petals may show brown streaks and spots. Their excrement is black and shiny, which may be a clue to their presence.  In addition to this physical damage, thrips also transmit tomato spotted wilt virus and impatiens necrotic spot virus, for which there is no control.

If enough thrips attack a plant, the leaves may take on a silver streaked appearance. When there is a large enough infestations of thrips, the plant can be severely damaged. Fruits will not be able to fully mature.

I-TS-HHAE-CD.013hIn many species, thrips feed within buds and furled leaves or in other enclosed parts of the plant. Their damage is often observed before the thrips are seen. Discolored or distorted plant tissue or black specks of feces around stippled leaf surfaces are clues that thrips are or were present. However, some abiotic disorders, pathogens, and certain other invertebrates can cause damage resembling that of thrips. For example, lace bugs, plant bugs, and mites also stipple foliage, and lace bugs and certain plant bugs produce dark, watery fecal specks. Look carefully for the insects themselves to be certain that pest thrips are present and the cause of damage before taking control action.

Thrips are poor fliers but can readily spread long distances by floating with the wind or being transported on infested plants. New thrips introductions can pose serious threats and complicate identification. A recent introduction of Klambothrips myopori has caused serious leaf and shoot galling damage to Myoporum laetum(ngaio tree) and Myoporum ‘Pacificum’ (a groundcover) along the coast of California. This thrips was both a new introduction and an undescribed species, so that initially not even the experts knew what to call it or how it might be managed. This species is now well established and from its original detection site in San Diego has spread north along the coast to at least as far as Santa Barbara. It is expected to continue to spread to wherever Myoporum species have been planted.

images (3)Thrips prefer to feed in rapidly growing tissue. Feeding by thrips typically causes tiny scars on leaves and fruit, called stippling, and can stunt growth. Damaged leaves may become papery and distorted. Infested terminals may discolor, become rolled, and drop leaves prematurely. Petals may exhibit “color break,” which is pale or dark discoloring of petal tissue that was killed by thrips feeding before buds opened. Thrips cause silvery to brownish, scabby scarring on the avocado and citrus fruit surface, but this cosmetic damage does not harm the internal fruit quality. Feces may remain on leaves or fruit long after thrips have left. Where thrips lay eggs on grapes, dark scars surrounded by lighter “halos” may be found on the fruit. Thrips feeding on raspberries, apples, and nectarines can deform or scar developing fruit; sugar pea pods may be scarred or deformed. Citrus thrips feeding severely distorts blueberry shoot tips and foliage, reducing fruit yield.

images (1)Western flower thrips are primarily pests of herbaceous plants, but high populations occasionally damage continuously- or late-blossoming flowers on woody plants such as roses. Some plant-feeding thrips are also predaceous on other pests, such as spider mites. In young cotton seedlings in California, western flower thrips is considered beneficial because it feeds on spider mites.

Behavior, body appearance, and host plants help to distinguish among thrips species. For example, three dark spots on each forewing distinguish the adult predaceous six spotted thrips from pest thrips. Adults of western flower thrips and onion thrips, are noticeably larger than avocado and citrus thrips adults, so mature body size helps to distinguish them when they occur together on the same host plant. However, thrips can be positively identified to species only by an expert. Fortunately, most thrips are susceptible to some of the same controls, such as exclusion and pesticides.

imagesIt is more important to distinguish among thrips species in situations where integrated pest management methods are used. For example, predatory thrips or other natural enemies are highly specific to certain pests and are likely to help control only certain species of plant-feeding thrips. Certain thrips occur on many different plants but damage only a few of the plant species on which they are found, so identifying the thrips species may reveal that it is harmless in that situation and no control action is needed. For example, avocado fruit skin is scarred by avocado thrips and greenhouse thrips, but citrus thrips and western flower thrips are harmless in avocado. Citrus thrips occurs on many species of plants but damages only blueberries and citrus.

Although thrips damage to leaves is unsightly, thrips activity does not usually warrant the use of insecticide sprays. For instance, while thrips damage on citrus or avocado fruit may look unpleasant, it does not harm trees or affect the internal fruit quality. When damage is noticed on ripening fruit or distorted terminals, the thrips that caused the injury are often gone. It’s not until later when tissue grows and expands that injury caused earlier becomes apparent. While viruses vectored by thrips may cause plant loss, insecticide sprays are not recommended to prevent viruses because thrips are not killed fast enough to prevent the transfer of the virus to new plants. Prevention of thrips infestations is the only way to prevent infection by thrips-vectored viruses.

This can readily by achieved by using C Tech Corporation patented product Termirepel™.

Termirepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous broad spectrum insect aversive masterbatch which works not only against termites but a host of other insects including beetles, ticks, thirps etc. It has been incorporated in different kinds of films, cables and wires etc all over the world and is found to be effective against even the most aggressive insects. It is effective against a multitude of other insects including agricultural pests. It can be used for a number of applications including agricultural films, tarps, pipes, plastics, ducts, tubing and hosing, wires and cables, railways, aviation, mulches and the automobile sector.

For prevention from damage caused by Thirps, films incorporated with Termirepel™ can be used to cover the area or mulches can also be used to save the plants. Such films can also be wrapped around big fruits to prevent damage. All this can be done by just repelling the insect and not killing them. Thus, following the course of ecological balance and sustainability.

Yellow Jackets

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At first glance, yellow jackets, hornets, and other wasps look very much alike. Their disposition and habits, however, may be very different. Some are aggressive and will sting; others are beneficial and prey on insect pests. Some, such as the yellow jackets and hornets, are social and build nests which by summer’s end may contain thousands of individuals. Others, like the digger wasps and scoliid wasps, are solitary and don’t have large colonies.

Yellow jacket is the common name in North America for predatory wasps of the genera Vespula and Dolichovespula. Members of these genera are known simply as “wasps” in other English-speaking countries. Most of these are black and yellow; some are black and white like the bald-faced hornet, Dolichovespula maculata. Others may have the abdomen background color red instead of black. They can be identified by their distinctive markings, their occurrence only in colonies, and a characteristic, rapid, side to side flight pattern prior to landing. All females are capable of stinging. Despite having drawn the loathing of humans, yellow jackets are in fact important predators of pest insects.

Hundreds of yellow jackets attack mother, young kids

ATLANTA — 

A mother and her two young children were nearly killed in a yellow jacket attack in Buckhead.

Channel 2’s Liz Artz learned the family was decorating their house when the attack happened.

Melissa Hodges had just put out their pumpkins when hundreds of yellow jackets swarmed her and her two children outside their home.

“We literally sat on their house and they swarmed us. It was the most terrifying moment of my life,” Hodges said.

Hodges, her 3-year-old son and 4-year-old daughter were under attack were attacked by the yellow jackets that came up from a nest under their front walk. She said she grabbed her kids and ran for cover.

“I was taking handfuls of yellow jackets and smashing them on our foyer,” Hodges said.

Her daughter, just 30 pounds, was stung 30 times and her little boy was stung only 12 times, but was allergic to the sting.

“His face was huge. He was passed out, slumped over,” Hodges said.

Hodges raced to the hospital where her children remained for the next two days. She said the wasp caused a pain that was unbearable for the small children.

“It was a burning like a match to your skin. It devastated me that my 4-year-old was feeling that kind of pain,” Hodges said.

Hodges said she had no idea the yellow jackets had nested in her yard and since the attack last week, has learned of several other people who have had to run for cover.

“Just get them taken care of or take care of them yourself,” said Jerry Billingslea from All Good Pest Solutions.

Billingslea said yellow jackets will be around until temperatures drop. He said even after several treatments, the Hodges aren’t out of the woods yet.

“They’re going to try and re-infest this nest,” Billingslea said.

images (5)In spring and early summer, yellow jackets are carnivores, feeding mostly on insects to provide      protein to developing larvae in their colony. In doing so, they help keep garden pests, such as caterpillars, in check. As the season progresses, their population grows and their diet changes to include more sugars. As natural food sources become scarce, they turn to scavenging, and that’s when you’ll find them lurking around garbage cans and pestering picnickers. A few yellow jackets here and there are a nuisance, but a nest of them in your yard can pose a real hazard.

Yellow jackets often nest underground in rodent burrows, so if you see lots of flying insects emerging from a hole in the ground, they’re probably yellow jackets. By late summer, a colony may contain thousands of individuals that will aggressively defend their nests from intruders. They’re easily provoked and will attack in force, chasing the perceived threat for large distances. What’s worse, each yellow jacket can sting multiple times. Sounds and vibrations, such as those from a mower or trimmer, can trigger an attack, even from a distance.download

If a yellow jacket nest poses an immediate threat to passersby, including pets, then you may need to take action .Be sure to positively identify the insects, however. You don’t want to inadvertently destroy the nests of bees or other look-alikes.

 

Yellow jackets are social hunters living in colonies containing workers, queens, and males  (drones). Colonies are annual with only inseminated queens over wintering. Fertilized queens are found in protected places such as hollow logs, in stumps, under bark, in leaf litter, in soil cavities, and man-made structures. Queens emerge during the warm days of late spring or early summer, select a nest site, and build a small paper nest in which they lay eggs. After eggs hatch from the 30 to 50 brood cells, the queen feeds the young larvae for about 18 to 20 days. After that, the workers in the colony will take over caring for the larvae, feeding them with chewed up food, meat or fruit. Larvae pupate, and then emerge later as small, infertile females called workers. By midsummer, the first adult workers emerge and assume the tasks of nest expansion, foraging for food, care of the queen and larvae, and colony defense.

The yellow jacket can cause structural damage if a nest is built in wall or attic. Yellow jacket’s population increases to enormous levels towards the end of summer, and may be persistent, unwelcome guests at picnics, where they scavenge for food. The benefit is that they are predatory and eat many harmful insects.

From all of the above we know that yellow jackets can be docile as well as harmful. They can be really aggressive if someone is trying to threaten their nests and can also be helpful by eating the harmful pests.

images (4)These have advantages as well as disadvantages. So killing them with pesticides and insecticides is not the right way to go about it. The right way would be to find an alternative solution which only repels these wasps and not kill them.

The best solution is provided by C Tech Corporation in the form of their product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target insects or termites but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product is available in the form of masterbatches and can be incorporated into polymeric applications. It is also available in the form of lacquer which can be coated onto our home walls and fences by preventing these wasps from entering our homes and gardens.

This product is one of a kind and has a long shelf life. It is 100% effective and is a super green solution.

Brown Marmorated Sting Bug

The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is a plant pest that was recently introduced into the United States from its native range in Japan, Korea, and China. The word “marmorated” refers to its marble-like coloration. Sometimes called the yellow-brown stink bug or the East Asian BMSBstink bug, it was first reported in the United States in 2001 from Allentown, Pennsylvania. It has since spread to New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, the District of Columbia, New York, and as far west as Pittsburgh. The brown marmorated stink bug feeds on fruits and seed pods of a wide range of plants. It is also a nuisance pest that invades buildings in the autumn.

These species probably have a single generation per year in Pennsylvania depending on the temperatures.  Warm spring and summer conditions could permit the development of two or three generations.  However, in parts of sub-tropical China, records indicate from four to possibly six generations per year. Adults will emerge sometime in the spring of the year (late April to mid-May), and mate and deposit eggs from May through August. The eggs hatch into small black and red nymphs that go through five molts. Adults begin to search for overwintering sites starting in September through the first half of October.

Adults are approximately 17 mm long and are shades of brown on both the upper and lower body surfaces. They are the typical “shield” shape of other stink bugs, almost as wide as they are long. To distinguish them from other stink bugs, we have to look for lighter bands on the antennae and darker bands on the membranous, overlapping part at the rear of the front pair of wings. They have patches of coppery or bluish-metallic colored punctures (small rounded depressions) on the head and pronotum. The name “stink bug” refers to the scent glands located on the dorsal surface of the abdomen and the underside of the thorax.

The eggs are elliptical light yellow to yellow-red with minute spines forming fine lines. They are attached, side-by-side, to the underside of leaves in masses of 20 to 30 eggs.

In its native range, it feeds on a wide variety of host plants. Fruits attacked include apples, peaches, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons. This true bug has also been reported on many ornamental plants, weeds, soybeans and beans for human consumption. Feeding on tree fruits such as apple results in a characteristic distortion referred to as “cat facing,” that renders the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product.

stink-bug-eggsThis insect is becoming an important agricultural pest in Pennsylvania. In 2010, it produced severe losses in some apple and peach orchards by damaging the fruits.  It also has been found feeding on blackberry, sweet corn, field corn and soybeans.  In neighboring states it has been observed damaging tomatoes, lima beans and green peppers. Their most destructive year so far was 2010, as they caused $37 million in damage to Mid-Atlantic apple farms alone. But 2013 has seen a similar stink-bug surge, following a one-year population boom of 60 percent that was reported in March. While the invasion is still worst in Mid-Atlantic States, it has also spread west; scientists are expecting “buckets full” of the stink bugs in Wisconsin, for example, and Sacramento is now home to what may be the first reproducing population in California outside Los Angeles County.

These insects are not known to cause harm to humans, although homeowners become alarmed when the bugs enter their homes and noisily fly about.  The stink bug will not reproduce inside structures or cause damages.  If many of them are squashed or pulled into a vacuum cleaner, their smell can be quite apparent. Let’s have a look at the following article.

Stink bugs threaten Pacific Northwest crops

by KGW Staff

Posted on September 24, 2013 at 7:22 PM

PORTLAND — A destructive stink bug is invading the Pacific Northwest and could cause billions of dollars in damage to crops.

The brown marmorated stink bug is an almost indestructible pest originally from Asia. Experts say it’s not only hard to kill, but it also eats almost any crop and is immune to most pesticides.

“It’s spreading like wildfire in the Willamette Valley,” said Oregon State University entomology professor Peter Shearer. “We’re finding it in hazelnuts, grapes and berry crops.”

Clark County farmer Joe Beaudoin said he first spotted the bugs in a pumpkin crop a few weeks ago, but the population has since exploded. The bugs are now almost everywhere in the pepper field on his 80-acre farm. He said he sees the problem spreading on other farms as well.

“It’s not going to be just me. It’s going to be everybody else,” Beaudoin said. “And we’re going to be looking at millions or billions of dollars worth of damage in our crops.”8449646132_4e87be419c_b

The bugs live through the winter and often find shelter in homes, so Shearer said the area could see potentially devastating infestations of them next year.

He said anyone spotting the bugs inside a home should vacuum them up and dump the vacuum bag in a trash bin outside the home (because they stink).

There are also other numerous news articles showing the damage caused by these bugs. Some of the links of these news articles are given below:

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/10/alien-invasion-the-stink-bugs-are-coming/

http://www.wlos.com/template/cgi-bin/archived.pl?type=basic&file=/shared/news/features/top-  stories/stories/archive/2013/09/NbZ8ISiG.xml#.UlzYltJHJZ8

http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2013/10/12/stink-bug-weather/2961425/

The solution for this problem will be to use pesticides and insecticides. But this will again lead to toxicity in agricultural products. Insecticides will also not stop the additional invasions of these bugs. Both live and dead brown marmorated stink bugs can be removed from interior areas with the aid of a vacuum cleaner, but the vacuum may smell of stink bugs for a period of time.  Although aerosol-type sprays and foggers labeled for domestic stink bugs will kill these pests in living areas, it will not prevent more of the insects from emerging from cracks after the room is aired out. Use of these materials is not a solution for long-term management of stink bugs. The only other solution is the one which can be provided by C Tech Corporation.

9766581565_70e85a581c_bWe produce a product named Termirepel™. This product is non toxic, non hazardous and eco friendly termite and insect aversive. It repels more than 500 species of insects. This product comes in the form of masterbatches and therefore can be incorporated into polymeric agricultural films. These films can be used to prevent crop damage.

This product works on Green chemistry and has unique qualities as it gets dispersed across the film length and do not leach out from the polymeric matrix. The product is designed to keep the termites and insects away from the desired application instead of killing them. Life span of the product is 15-40 years.

This product is one of its kinds and works on sustainability which is the need of the hour. It is 100% effective, environmental friendly and a green product.

 

Reticulitermes : The eastern subterranean termites

Reticulitermes is a termite genus in the family Rhinotermitidae.

Reticulitermes santonensis is found in Western France, Reticulitermes grassei in southwestern France, northwestern and southern Spain and Portugal, Reticulitermes banyulensis in the  Roussillon region of France and Reticulitermes lucifugus in the Provence region.   Reticulitermes urbis, a newly described species is found in urban zones in the South-East of France (Marseille in the West to Italy in the East). Reticulitermes speratus is found in the Japanese peninsula.Reticulitermes3

The eastern subterranean termite (Reticulitermes flavipes) is the most widely distributed termite found in the eastern United States. R. flavipes is commonly found in Southern Ontario, and is found in all the eastern states including Texas.

Along with Reticulitermes virginica, R. flavipes is responsible for 80% of the $2.2 billion spent annually in the United States on termite control. Termites feed on wood cellulose, meaning that their presence in human made structures often goes unnoticed for lengthy periods of time. A termite infested timber will appear structurally sound from the outside, while inside it will have a honeycombed appearance. To detect the presence of R. flavipes the observer can test the integrity of the wood by tapping it with a screwdriver. If present, R. flavipes is found at, near or below ground level. Trim work, sub flooring, flooring, and the structural timbers are the areas of a building most susceptible to termite damage. The Eastern subterranean termite is considered a serious economic timber pest and it is estimated that in high activity areas more than 1 in 5 homes have been or will be attacked.

On-slab construction is of the most susceptible type because termites can enter through any crack in the slab that’s wider than a one by thirty two of an inch.  Also, structures built on slabs are nearly impossible to inspect for termites because so little of the frame of the structure is exposed near grade level where termite activity usually begins. In structures with basements, rim joists and sill plates are commonly the first areas where termite mud and shelter tubes can be detected. Probing these boards with an ice pick, knife, or screwdriver should be done during any termite inspection. Termites are often first noticed during remodeling projects.images (4)

Termite control methods include: physical barriers, chemical treatments, and physical treatments (such as heat, freezing, electrocution and microwave irradiation).

Structural damage to buildings is not R. flavipes’ only impact on humans. Termites also play a critical role in the decomposition of organic matter in natural communities. Without termites, the accumulation of dead organic matter on the forest floor would become detrimental to integrity of that forest. So even if these termites are a huge nuisance, they also have some advantages. Therefore completely terminating them is not an option. It will hurt the ecology if they are harmed.

images (3)Therefore the methods mentioned above to kill the termites will not be the correct way to go about this problem. There should be a solution which will keep these termites away from our surroundings and at the same time not completely eliminate them.

We, at C Tech Corporation have come up with the exact product as described above. Our product Termirepel™  is the perfect solution for this problem.

Termirepel is an aversive for termites and insects. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly repellent which works even against the most aggressive insects and termites.

Combirepel is also a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly product that repels both termites as well as rodents. Combirepel™ WP( wood protection) is designed as a single eco friendly treatment to treat wood from fungi, rodents, termites and many other insects

There are very simple processes to incorporate the above products in wood. The products are available in lacquer form so that they can be easily coated on the wood products. They are also available in solution form which can be mixed during the processing stage of wood. And last but not the least the above products can also be injected in the wood at high pressure.

The mechanism followed by our product is repellence by attacking their olfactory senses and it does not aid to kill the target species. The products do not interfere with the working of the end application it is used in. They are stable at high temperatures; they do not leach out or produce any toxic fumes and have a long shelf life of 5-40 years as per the application.

This green chemistry based product is the best foot forward in the right direction towards the path of sustainability and ecology protection.

Curbing the Mosquito menace

Thousands of death, families broken, and the chair at the dinner table empty. All the precious lives, mindlessly ended due to the danger named dengue.

Dengue fever, also known as break bone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti. The virus has four different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As there is no commercially available vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.Aedes_aegypti_biting_human

Dengue was mainly introduced to Indians in the aftermath of the great floods experienced in Mumbai on 26th July, 2006. It was a nightmare followed by even a greater nightmare. Every second person in the hospital bed was dying of this disease.

Now after 7 years, it still manages to claim lives. Below mentioned article was written in The Times of India on 1st September, 2013. The track record of this disease is such that people totally lose hope.

Five BNSD Shiksha Niketan hostel inmates test positive for dengue

TNN Sep 1, 2013, 02.24AM IST

KANPUR: Five inmates of BNSD Shiksha Niketan hostel have tested positive for dengue. With this the number of dengue patients in the city in August has touched 37, including three deaths. Head of Microbiology department at GSVM Medical College Dr Atul Garg said that 11 new cases, including five BNSD students, have been reported in the ongoing week (August 26 and 31).

The disease also claimed a life at Lala Lajpat Rai (LLR) Hospital. Their platelet count was quite low and they were running high fever for the last few days. LLR’s Bal Rog Hospital head Dr RP Singh said that a kid from Maudaha region died of dengue on Thursday. He was brought to LLR on August 26. Two other deaths due to dengue were reported in the first fortnight of August. Commenting on the five hostel inmates, BNSD Shiksha Niketan’s media incharge Deepak Singh blamed unhygienic condition of Brijendra Swaroop ground adjacent to the hostel premises for the mosquito menace. He added that school management had repeatedly asked the municipal corporation to remove garbage from the ground but in vain.

“Civic body’s apathy has left students sick,” he added. However, he refused to comment after being told that dengue mosquitoes breed in clean water found in homes. Meanwhile, students alleged that hostel authorities were yet to empty the coolers.

Other news articles regarding the menace of dengue are in the following given links:

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/142-test-positive-for-dengue-in-August/articleshow/22240268.cms

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-08-31/rajkot/41641149_1_dengue-fever-cases-rajkot-municipal-corporation-jagnath

If the misconception is that the dengue cases are only restricted to India, then it is wrong. The following links give a report of dengue in America, Puerto Rico etc.

http://news.yahoo.com/dengue-epidemic-looms-central-american-region-191518090.html

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/09/puerto-rico-dengue-epidemic_n_1952262.html

As we all know that the only way to fight a problem is to go to its root cause and uproot it. Well, the root cause of dengue as mentioned above is the mosquitoes. We can safely say that mosquitoes are omnipresent in most parts of India and around the world. There is no assurance that the mosquitoes will be totally extinct from world. So the only option is to find a solution which will repel mosquitoes and keep them away from us. At the same time the solution used should not harm the ecology.220px-Dengue06

Malaria is another disease caused by mosquitoes that can turn fatal. It is not as fatal as dengue, but leads to a lot of trauma among the victim.

The question here is why to go through so much trauma? The humans, being the evolved species have come up with solutions to every little problem. Then why not for this?

We, at C Tech Corporation have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™.  We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target insects or termites but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product can be easily used against mosquitoes. It can be used in terms of lacquer as well as liquid form. It can be coated on the end applications and thus mosquitoes can be kept away from homes, buildings and other public places.

Nothing in life is as smooth as the air plane runway. There are bound to be hurdles and bumps in our way. But how we tackle them defines our success. Using Termirepel™ to tackle the problem of mosquitoes will go a long way in giving us the success in eliminating diseases like dengue and malaria and will help us to live fearlessly.

Conehead Termites

A rapidly growing species of termite has invaded the U.S. This species, scientific name Nasutitermes corniger, was nicknamed the “Conehead Termite” because of the distinctive cone-shaped head.download (2)

First discovered in Florida in 2001, this highly adaptable termite nests in or on—and happily consumes—trees, shrubs, roots, structures, fences, wooden furniture, scrap wood, paper products and probably many other items made of cellulose. It may build nests on open ground with no trees close by.

This challenging species has tremendous potential for swift dispersal, survival in a variety of structural and natural habitats across a broad geographic range, and decisive economic impacts. There is a sense of urgency to act now to halt and hopefully eradicate this exotic species because if it spreads further and becomes irreversibly established in the United States, it could become a powerful, damaging, expensive, obnoxious, and permanent pest.

tree_termitesOriginally called “tree termites,” they were renamed cone head termites to alleviate the misconception that this pest is only found in trees. Though the species was believed to have been eradicated in the U.S. in 2003, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (DACS) recently confirmed the reemergence of this pest in Broward County, Florida.

Unlike most termites, the conehead termite does not rely on underground tunneling to travel. Instead, they forage on the ground like ants, allowing them to spread quickly. They build dark brown “mud” tubes and freestanding nests on the ground, in trees or in wooden structures. The nests can be up to 3 feet in diameter and have a hard surface of chewed wood.

Conehead termites are an extremely aggressive termite species known for causing widespread property damage in a short period of time. These species need to be controlled to stop this destruction from spreading, or else millions of dollars in damage can be expected. Let’s have a look at the following article.

 

Cone heads invade South Florida

BY DAVID FLESHLER (MCCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS)

Published: December 20, 2012

FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. – A dangerous Caribbean termite that’s consuming trees, walls and ceilings in Dania Beach, Fla., will be the target of a renewed eradication campaign, with state officials saying this may be their last chance before the species spreads through South Florida.

The Nasutitermes corniger, or cone head termite, whose bizarre behavior includes constructing above-ground nests the size of beach balls and digging visible brown tunnels up the sides of houses, first turned up in Dania Beach in 2001. Agriculture officials thought they eradicated it, but it turned up again last year, and despite the aggressive use of pesticides on nests and feeding tunnels, it keeps showing up.

Pest control professionals, scientists and the Florida Department of Agriculture met in Dania Beach last week to implement a new eradication strategy before the arrival of the spring flight season, when the termites fly off to find new colonies, threatening to spread the range of the wood-eating insects.

“Certainly all of South Florida could be at risk, up into Central Florida,” said Barbara Thorne, professor of entomology at the University of Maryland, who is helping plan the campaign. “Once this gets out, there will be no containing it, ever. So we’re trying to deal with this now.”images

State officials had announced an apparent success against the termite in May, saying they had sprayed 47 sites over a square mile west of Interstate 95 in Dania Beach and found no evidence of live nests. But they also said they would be surveying the area indefinitely, and their surveys found new hotspots spreading out from the area of original infestation.

“We’re still getting activity in the area we treated,” said Steven Dwinell, assistant director of the Florida Department of Agriculture’s Division of Agricultural Environmental Services. “We weren’t as successful as we’d hoped.”

Allen Fugler, executive vice president of the Florida Pest Management Association, which organized the meeting along with the Association of Structural Pest Control Regulatory Officials, said the initial priority will be to come up with a strategy to prevent them from spreading in spring.

“We’re going to look for something as a stopgap before the start of the season,” he said. “Eradication is very difficult.”

The Department of Agriculture is asking the Legislature for $200,000 to hire two full-time workers to seek and destroy termite colonies in Dania Beach. Mr. Dwinell said the initial discussions with pest control professionals suggested the new campaign will involve them more heavily.

This is the worst kind of fear. The fear, of infestation by foreign species in your beloved land.  There has to be some way to surpass this problem. Mankind has come up with creative solutions for each and every roadblock faced by them. So for this particular problem we, at C Tech Corporation have come up with a viable solution.download

Termirepel™ is an aversive for termites and insects. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly repellent which works even against the most aggressive insects.

Combirepel™ is also a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly product that repels both termites as well as rodents. Combirepel™ WP ( wood protection) is designed as a single eco friendly treatment to treat wood from fungi, rodents, termites and many other insects including Conehead.

These products work on the mechanism of repellence and do not kill the target species, thus keeping in accordance with the need of the hour i.e. sustainability. This green chemistry based wonder product can give even the harshest of termites a run for their home, literally speaking.

 

Mastotermes darwiniensis- The Ultimate destroyer!!!

What do termites destruct the most? Your home, your beloved books, your shelter, your beautiful garden, but most of all they destruct your sense of peace and sense of safety. There is some amount of mental torture as these species multiply tenfold even before you get the hang of understanding how to eliminate them. It’s like you are running against time and there is some sort of one up game being played between you and the termites. Even if they are as small as few millimeters in size, the joke is on you.

There are different levels of how dangerous the termites are. Some are docile and human friendly, and some are most destructive and clearly number one human enemy. The species Mastotermes darwiniensis come in the second category.

Mastotermes darwiniensis mapMastotermes darwiniensiscommon names giant northern termite and Darwin termite, is a termite species found only in northern Australia. It is a very peculiar insect, the most primitive termite alive.  As such, it shows uncanny similarities to certain cockroaches, the termites’ closest relatives. These similarities include the anal lobe of the wing and the laying of eggs in bunches, ratherMastotermes darwiniensis head & length than singly. It is the only living member of its genus Mastotermes and its family Mastotermitidae.

These species are subterranean species with 12.25 0.75mm in length with four castes namely king, queen, soldier and worker/reproductive.

The odd thing about Mastotermes is that while it is morphologically primitive, and has not changed its physical appearance much in many millions of years, its behavior and social structure are highly complex, and as derived as the termites that have evolved most recently of all. Mastotermes builds huge underground nest structures that contain extensive gallery constructionfg41_mastotermes_darwiniensis_205 and tunnel excavation; it forages far afield from the nest, and has been known to damage structures over a hundred yards away from its colony. Full-grown colonies contain over a million individuals, with rigid caste structures and obligatory sterility for the worker forms. This is a lot like the most-derived, most-recently evolved termites, like the great mound-builders of Africa. In contrast, the most termite-like cockroach and the next-most-primitive termites after Mastotermes all live and eat inside one piece of rotting wood, have very flexible development, do not have obligatory sterility in the worker forms, build no galleries and no tunnels, and are have many fewer group members.

fg41_termitenfrass_205Mastotermes darwiniensis build their nest (secretively) totally below the soil surface; or in the trunks and root crowns of trees and stumps. Once a nest is mature (over 100,000 or much higher) they can “split off “to form other nests over a wide ranging area. These sub nests are formed constantly and can sustain life for a long period of time without contact to the original nest.

Mastotermes darwiniensis is one of the world’s most destructive termite species, often causing severe damage to houses, buildings, bridges, posts, poles, and many other plant and animal products. It is also an agricultural pest, responsible for ring barking and killing living trees, shrubs, fruit, vegetable crops, sugarcane and rubber trees.

Mastotermes darwiniensis is also reported to attack rubber tyres on tractors and cause damage to leather, hide, plastic or lead-sheathed cables, bitumen, bagged salt, flour, glass and various metals. This is the most ancient of all the termites in the world – they occur only in Australia – a termite to be feared.

There was an article posted on Australian Website, Goldcost.com.au by Henry Tuttiett on October 15th, 2011, titled ”Terror termites found on gold coast”.Mastotermes darwiniensis The article was as follows:

AN established nest of the world’s most ferocious and aggressive termite has been discovered on the Gold Coast amid fears it could cause hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of damage to property in the city.

The Mastotermes darwiniensis, commonly known as the great northern termite, was not thought to live south of the Tropic of Capricorn but a colony of the fast-spreading species was found in a western Gold Coast suburb two weeks ago.

The termite can cause severe damage to a home in only 12 weeks and is so aggressive it has been known to eat electrical wiring as well as the tyres of cane tractors, and even bitumen, in northern Australia.

Termite experts and entomology handbooks describe the species as “the world’s most destructive”.

Pest-Ex Pest Management owner Danny Kelly discovered the termite in a tree stump during a property inspection and said he realized the magnitude of his find almost immediately.

A Brisbane entomologist confirmed the species before the sample was taken to an industry conference in Townsville, where experts also verified it.

Mr. Kelly, who was himself attacked by the termites after his find, said if one colony was found on the Coast, there was a high likelihood there would be more.

A spokeswoman from the Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation said a small colony of the “particularly destructive” species was found at Tallai in 2008.

Mr. Kelly said he had also spoken to the CSIRO about the discovery.

This is the amount of fear these species have incorporated in the mind of people living in Australia. The normal alternatives like insecticides are temporary and not very effective for such species. For particularly these species arsenic dust or chemical barriers are used.  They are toxic and leach out endangering the people coming in contact with them. It is a general convention that ‘Change is the only constant’. And the change required in today’s world need to be related to going green. Our product Termirepel ®™ is the most viable alternative.

Termirepel ®™ is an aversive for termites and insects. It works even against the most aggressive species.

It has unique qualities which range from being non toxic and non hazardous to being the magic word “ECO-FRIENDLY”. It does not leach out and is stable at high temperatures. It can be incorporated into polymeric applications as well as be used to give a coating on wood surfaces and timber derivatives. It is available in Liquid as well as lacquer form. Moreover, the most important characteristic of Termirepel®™ is that it does not kill the target species. It works on the principle of REPELLANCE only. This product is niche and one of its kinds.  This product will come as sigh of relief for people long suffering from “Termite Abuse”, especially when the termites are as destructive as Mastotermes darwiniensis.

 

Bed bug- The peace pillager!!

Ever been woken up from your blissful slumber by the tingly and crawly sensation of something wandering all over you??

Caution:  Don’t shrug it off as just a feeling… you are not imagining it, it’s real, and it’s a bed bug!!

Bed bugs are the uninvited guests of the rich as well as poor. They are like the unwelcome party crashers that we all detest!! The common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) has long been a pest – feeding on blood, causing itchy bites and generally irritating their human hosts.

Bed bugs are basically parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on blood. download (4)The name “bed bug” is derived from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed. Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals. Bedbugs prefer exposed skin, preferably the face, neck and arms of a sleeping individual. Although under certain cool conditions adult bed bugs can live for over a year without feeding, under typically warm conditions they will try to feed at five to ten day intervals and adults can survive for about five months without food.

images (3)It takes between five and ten minutes for a bed bug to become completely engorged with blood. In all, the insect may have spent less than 20 minutes in physical contact with its host, and it will not attempt to feed again until it has either completed a molt or, if an adult has thoroughly digested the meal.

Once feeding is complete, a bed bug will relocate to a place close to a known host, commonly in or near beds or couches in clusters of adults, juveniles, and eggs which entomologists call  harborage areas or simply harborages to which the insect will return after future feedings by following chemical trails. Bed bugs use pheromones and kairomones to communicate regarding nesting locations, feeding and reproduction.

Bed bugs can also be detected by their characteristic smell of rotting raspberries.

“Wherever bed bugs are, one thing holds true – they cause a lot of troubles.”

In the recent spate of events worldwide, images (2)beg bugs are proving to be a beneficial source of income for lawyers!! As was reported by Mail online on 3rd June 2013, a Maryland woman was awarded $800k after suing landlord over bedbug infestation that caused her to lose “practically everything”!! The ruling was one of the largest – if not the largest – amounts awarded in this sort of law suit, was the experts’ opinion.

In another recent incident reported on 30th July, 2013 the very famous Dunn Hotel in North Carolina was closed owing to a suspected wide spread bed bug infestation. Investigators discovered remnants of bedbugs in bed frames and windowsills.

In December 2010, Adarien Jackson of Severn, Maryland filed a bed bug suit against a furniture store where she brought her sons’ bunks. A little more than a year later, the mother-of-two was favored by jury granting her $225,000 in damage.

For most people, bedbugs are not life-threatening — at least, not physically. Between 50% and 70% of people are allergic to the bites, and will develop itchy welts, similar to mosquito bites. In a few cases, the bugs have been linked to asthama attack, and persistent assaults from the vampiric visitors can potentially lead to anemia. But while the physical effects of bedbugs are negligible, their emotional and psychological impact can be devastating. Dr. Jones, an associate professor of entomology at Ohio State University notes that “bedbug victims can lose lots of sleep and can become very anxious, or even panic-stricken.” Some develop delusional parasitosis, a mental disorder in which sufferers become convinced that they are being bitten by bugs, even when they are not. Jones stresses that this condition can have brutal physical and emotional effects.
images (1)The Environmental Protection Agency has declared bedbugs a public health pest and, in April 2009, it held a national bedbug summit to solicit recommendations for
dealing with the growing menace. In it, the group highlighted the emotional and psychological effects of bedbugs, arguing that the definition of public health needed to be enlarged to include “overall wellness [and] mental health.” It also addressed the dangers of bedbug-inspired insomnia, noting that loss of sleep could be disastrous for “pilots, flight attendants, and other professionals.”

Thus the bed bug menace needs to be dealt with in an effective and permanent way!! C Tech Corporation has with the aid of green technology and great vision, designed a product that provides an effective solution against bed bugs. Termirepel ®™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous insect and pest aversive. Basically designed to combat termites, it works effectively against a multitude of other insects including bed bugs.

Termirepel®™ works by the mechanism of repellence by virtue of which it does not allow the insect/pest to come near the application and thus it negates the possibility of an infestation. Moreover it is available in the form of polymer compatible masterbatches as well as in lacquer form to be applied on wood and other furniture. Thus it is easy to apply and safe to use.

Termirepel®™ can guarantee all of us the sweet joy of an uninterrupted sleep that we deserve by keeping the crawlers at bay!!