Yellow Jackets

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At first glance, yellow jackets, hornets, and other wasps look very much alike. Their disposition and habits, however, may be very different. Some are aggressive and will sting; others are beneficial and prey on insect pests. Some, such as the yellow jackets and hornets, are social and build nests which by summer’s end may contain thousands of individuals. Others, like the digger wasps and scoliid wasps, are solitary and don’t have large colonies.

Yellow jacket is the common name in North America for predatory wasps of the genera Vespula and Dolichovespula. Members of these genera are known simply as “wasps” in other English-speaking countries. Most of these are black and yellow; some are black and white like the bald-faced hornet, Dolichovespula maculata. Others may have the abdomen background color red instead of black. They can be identified by their distinctive markings, their occurrence only in colonies, and a characteristic, rapid, side to side flight pattern prior to landing. All females are capable of stinging. Despite having drawn the loathing of humans, yellow jackets are in fact important predators of pest insects.

Hundreds of yellow jackets attack mother, young kids

ATLANTA — 

A mother and her two young children were nearly killed in a yellow jacket attack in Buckhead.

Channel 2’s Liz Artz learned the family was decorating their house when the attack happened.

Melissa Hodges had just put out their pumpkins when hundreds of yellow jackets swarmed her and her two children outside their home.

“We literally sat on their house and they swarmed us. It was the most terrifying moment of my life,” Hodges said.

Hodges, her 3-year-old son and 4-year-old daughter were under attack were attacked by the yellow jackets that came up from a nest under their front walk. She said she grabbed her kids and ran for cover.

“I was taking handfuls of yellow jackets and smashing them on our foyer,” Hodges said.

Her daughter, just 30 pounds, was stung 30 times and her little boy was stung only 12 times, but was allergic to the sting.

“His face was huge. He was passed out, slumped over,” Hodges said.

Hodges raced to the hospital where her children remained for the next two days. She said the wasp caused a pain that was unbearable for the small children.

“It was a burning like a match to your skin. It devastated me that my 4-year-old was feeling that kind of pain,” Hodges said.

Hodges said she had no idea the yellow jackets had nested in her yard and since the attack last week, has learned of several other people who have had to run for cover.

“Just get them taken care of or take care of them yourself,” said Jerry Billingslea from All Good Pest Solutions.

Billingslea said yellow jackets will be around until temperatures drop. He said even after several treatments, the Hodges aren’t out of the woods yet.

“They’re going to try and re-infest this nest,” Billingslea said.

images (5)In spring and early summer, yellow jackets are carnivores, feeding mostly on insects to provide      protein to developing larvae in their colony. In doing so, they help keep garden pests, such as caterpillars, in check. As the season progresses, their population grows and their diet changes to include more sugars. As natural food sources become scarce, they turn to scavenging, and that’s when you’ll find them lurking around garbage cans and pestering picnickers. A few yellow jackets here and there are a nuisance, but a nest of them in your yard can pose a real hazard.

Yellow jackets often nest underground in rodent burrows, so if you see lots of flying insects emerging from a hole in the ground, they’re probably yellow jackets. By late summer, a colony may contain thousands of individuals that will aggressively defend their nests from intruders. They’re easily provoked and will attack in force, chasing the perceived threat for large distances. What’s worse, each yellow jacket can sting multiple times. Sounds and vibrations, such as those from a mower or trimmer, can trigger an attack, even from a distance.download

If a yellow jacket nest poses an immediate threat to passersby, including pets, then you may need to take action .Be sure to positively identify the insects, however. You don’t want to inadvertently destroy the nests of bees or other look-alikes.

 

Yellow jackets are social hunters living in colonies containing workers, queens, and males  (drones). Colonies are annual with only inseminated queens over wintering. Fertilized queens are found in protected places such as hollow logs, in stumps, under bark, in leaf litter, in soil cavities, and man-made structures. Queens emerge during the warm days of late spring or early summer, select a nest site, and build a small paper nest in which they lay eggs. After eggs hatch from the 30 to 50 brood cells, the queen feeds the young larvae for about 18 to 20 days. After that, the workers in the colony will take over caring for the larvae, feeding them with chewed up food, meat or fruit. Larvae pupate, and then emerge later as small, infertile females called workers. By midsummer, the first adult workers emerge and assume the tasks of nest expansion, foraging for food, care of the queen and larvae, and colony defense.

The yellow jacket can cause structural damage if a nest is built in wall or attic. Yellow jacket’s population increases to enormous levels towards the end of summer, and may be persistent, unwelcome guests at picnics, where they scavenge for food. The benefit is that they are predatory and eat many harmful insects.

From all of the above we know that yellow jackets can be docile as well as harmful. They can be really aggressive if someone is trying to threaten their nests and can also be helpful by eating the harmful pests.

images (4)These have advantages as well as disadvantages. So killing them with pesticides and insecticides is not the right way to go about it. The right way would be to find an alternative solution which only repels these wasps and not kill them.

The best solution is provided by C Tech Corporation in the form of their product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target insects or termites but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product is available in the form of masterbatches and can be incorporated into polymeric applications. It is also available in the form of lacquer which can be coated onto our home walls and fences by preventing these wasps from entering our homes and gardens.

This product is one of a kind and has a long shelf life. It is 100% effective and is a super green solution.

Termites: A nuisance but still an important species

The war between humans and insects, especially termites and ants is well known for ages. The download (1) moment people realize the presence of termites in their house, they rush to make a call to the exterminator. They do not care that the extreme measures like using hazardous chemicals to kill the entire colony of termites are taken. Termites are nuisance and they pose a great threat with their capability to reduce our house to dust. Termites attack wood and even have the ability to destroy polymer. Though termites do not actually eat plastic but release formic acid, which is one of the images (3)biggest enemies of the polymer. They are infamous for their various activities which results in heavy monetary losses and loss of valuable artefacts.

 The other insects like ants, bugs also fall in the same category of the termites where damages are concerned. People do not bother when extreme measures of use of hazardous chemicals are adopted to kill the species as long as their home and belonging are protected from the viciousness of such insects. The termite problem is a big nuisance and has to be dealt with!!! – this is a fact. But is KILLING them the right solution?

Every being on this planet earth is a part of the ecosystem and serves some purpose so as to balance the entire ecosystem. It is the work of termites, carpenter ants, wood borers and other insects that help in the degradation of the wood. Termites eat wood, and they help to break down decaying tree trunks in the forest. Not only tree trunks, but branches, leaves, and plant matter which are too tough for other life forms to digest. Termites are the only ones that can break down wood on a mass scale. Without them, the fallen trunks of trees would soon pile up and kill the forest. There are some new reports which have come to light that termites and ants are also helpful in increasing the fertility of the land. The burden carried alone by earthworms, now have new aides with them –TERMITES and ANTS.

images (4) Termites and ants burrow in the soil, making numerous tunnels which permit air and water to penetrate the soil. This helps with aerating the soil and fixing nitrogen in the soil, which helps soil bacteria convert the nitrogen in the air into a form more easily absorbed by plant roots. So termites and ants help a lot with the growth of plants and trees in the forest.

Aggressive termites are found in Australia and are considered as one of the biggest threat to cables, plastic pipes and wooden structures. In spite of the nuisance caused by these aggressive termites the studies have shown that the termites and ants are beneficial for the agricultural land.

Termites and ants boost crop yields

BY: DAISY DUMAS | APRIL-6-2011

Rather than damaging crop yields, these insects have been found to enrich soil by more than one-third.

ANTS AND TERMITES HAVE long had a bad rap for stealing picnic food and chomping through house frames, but it turns out that their services are invaluable to Australian farmers.

UntitledNew research from CSIRO and the University of Sydney has shown that, by performing an earthworm-like role in soil enrichment, the insects can boost crop yields in the dry areas of Australia’s wheat belt by more than one-third.

“The sheer size of the effect is what is most surprising to me,” says lead author Dr Theo Evans, from CSIRO Ecosystem Science in Canberra. “I didn’t think it’d have such a huge impact – a 36 per cent yield increase compared to my expected five per cent.”

The results suggest that ants and termites not only increase grain yields but can cut fertiliser bills and decrease the need for pesticides. “It’s likely to mean decreased pesticide use, especially pesticide that is applied to the ground,” Theo told Australian Geographic.

Ants and termites have a positive affect on crop yield

Enriching soil is traditionally an earthworm role, but, say the CSIRO scientists, in arid zones it’s ants and termites that perform the important biological functions that worms do in the cooler and wetter zones.

images (6)These insects are able to re-colonise untilled wheat fields that have ‘crop stubble’, which they use for nourishment as they establish their underground nests. The activity helps more rainwater soak into the ground where plants need it most. The insects also increase the amount of nitrogen – a nutrient needed for plant growth – by a quarter.

The study, published last week in the journal Nature Communications, is the first of its kind to look at ants and termites in agricultural systems and is also the first to show that such insects have a positive effect on crop yield. It is possible that any ‘dryland’ farmland – non-irrigated agriculture – may benefit, Theo says. This includes wheat, oats, barley, rye, canola and perhaps, cotton.

“Poorer parts of the world which don’t irrigate may be positively affected,” he says. Theo sees potential benefits to swathes of marginal land in southern Africa, Brazil, Mexico and the Mediterranean, particularly “if the effect is true across broader soil types and across species.”

He hopes the research will take the ‘triple-bottom-line’ approach – people, planet and profit. “It might pay the farmer economically, but it could be that by harnessing ecosystem services, we could be better off in every way,”

Insects boost farm efficiency 

Farmer, Rohan Ford, whose property was used as field study site for the project, is buoyed by the results. “It’s great news. I think it’s a mindset – it’s about understanding what chemicals you can and can’t use, and how we can best use our machinery. The interesting thing, now the information is out there, to see whether we can get more funding to keep doing research into different soil types.”

Next, the team is keen to look into the extent to which termites act as nitrogen fixers – agents that convert nitrogen in the air into a form that plants can use in the soil. “They definitely enrich the soil, but we’d like to know which species provide the most benefit,” says co-author Dr Nathan Lo from the University of Sydney.

But Theo would also like to see the results imparting positivity towards the insects’ negative image. “You say the word ‘earthworm’ and people…know they do good. But 150 years ago, people wanted to kill them. Darwin rehabilitated their image in one of his final studies,” Theo says. “Maybe we can do a bit of a Charles Darwin for ants and termites.”

images (5) In African countries, farmers practice this style of farming since very old times. They practice includes burying a piece of wood in the soil or digging up a hole and fill it with manure to attract termites and ants. The yield in agriculture field was found to be increased by whopping 36% approximately because of the activity of termites on the field. This increase in yield is need of the hour as the number of mouths to be fed increases every second globally.

The most important and amazing fact is that the termites and ants have the ability to increase the download (2)fertility of the arid lands. This is definitely a unique property of termites as the species like  earthworm and other worms which are considered as best in increasing the fertility of the soil lack the ability to fertile an arid land. Certain termite species in tropical countries grow fungus within their nests which may go on to develop into large mushrooms that are edible and prized by the native people living there. These mushrooms are totally cultured and cultivated by termites! In Africa, these termite farmed mushrooms are a prized delicacy and include some of the largest mushrooms in the world.

Termites are the source of food for species like birds, frogs, frogs and ant eaters. It is believed that a sizable proportion of methane in the earth’s atmosphere is generated from the activities of termite colonies. It’s clear that not only are termites a major pest of wood, but looking at the big picture, they are needed for the overall health of this planet of ours.

Even other insects like some bugs, bees are beneficial. Ten years ago there were approximately 750,000 named insect species. Today, that number is over 1,000,000. And according to a recent article in Scientific American, entomologists estimate that there are likely over eight million different species of insects on Earth. Though many among these 8 million species of insects play a major a role in disrupting human life; they are a part of ecosystem and hence may be beneficial in some or other.

link_10_food_chain_song In his book The Diversity of Life, renowned entomologist Edward O. Wilson discusses the importance of insects and land-dwelling arthropods in the ecosystem, saying that “if [they] all were to disappear, humanity probably could not last more than a few months.” Most other life forms, like amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals would also become extinct because of the domino effect that would occur in the food chain.

Every living thing on this planet has some kind of place in the scheme of things, and insects even the destructive ones are no exception.

The bottom line is species like termites, ants, bugs, etc. are part of our ecosystem and hence have a useful role to play. So is it right to kill them using hazardous chemicals?

Agreed; that the above statements are true. But the fact remains that these termites, ants and other insects cause a lot of damages and heavy monetary losses. The study of termites and ants being beneficial species for agriculture is done in Australia; which is infact one of the countries where aggressive termites exist destroying everything in their path. One cannot turn a blind eye to these problems and let these creatures to vilify our belongings. We should adopt a solution which will protect our belongings like wooden structures, cables, pipes, crops, etc. from these creatures but not kill the species. Use of dangerous, hazardous and harmful pesticides does not fit the bill (they even harm the species which are known to be beneficial!!!).

C Tech Corporation truly believes that none of living creatures on the earth should be harmed or killed but it also acknowledges the far reaching termite and other pest problem. Termirepel™, a product of C Tech Corporation is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly termite repellent. Along with termites it also repels near about 500 other insects. The most important feature of our product is it does not kill the target or non-target species as it works on the mechanism of repellence. Termirepel™ can be incorporated in polymeric applications like wire, cables, plastic pipes, agricultural film etc. It is also available in lacquer form for coating application (can be mixed with finishes, polish, paints, etc.).

So if we want termites and ants to make our agricultural lands fertile and at the same time protect our crops and irrigation pipes from the same insects; use of Termirepel™ is the best option. It is highly efficient, effective and it is green and sustainable solution.

 

 

 

 

 

Brown Marmorated Sting Bug

The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is a plant pest that was recently introduced into the United States from its native range in Japan, Korea, and China. The word “marmorated” refers to its marble-like coloration. Sometimes called the yellow-brown stink bug or the East Asian BMSBstink bug, it was first reported in the United States in 2001 from Allentown, Pennsylvania. It has since spread to New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, the District of Columbia, New York, and as far west as Pittsburgh. The brown marmorated stink bug feeds on fruits and seed pods of a wide range of plants. It is also a nuisance pest that invades buildings in the autumn.

These species probably have a single generation per year in Pennsylvania depending on the temperatures.  Warm spring and summer conditions could permit the development of two or three generations.  However, in parts of sub-tropical China, records indicate from four to possibly six generations per year. Adults will emerge sometime in the spring of the year (late April to mid-May), and mate and deposit eggs from May through August. The eggs hatch into small black and red nymphs that go through five molts. Adults begin to search for overwintering sites starting in September through the first half of October.

Adults are approximately 17 mm long and are shades of brown on both the upper and lower body surfaces. They are the typical “shield” shape of other stink bugs, almost as wide as they are long. To distinguish them from other stink bugs, we have to look for lighter bands on the antennae and darker bands on the membranous, overlapping part at the rear of the front pair of wings. They have patches of coppery or bluish-metallic colored punctures (small rounded depressions) on the head and pronotum. The name “stink bug” refers to the scent glands located on the dorsal surface of the abdomen and the underside of the thorax.

The eggs are elliptical light yellow to yellow-red with minute spines forming fine lines. They are attached, side-by-side, to the underside of leaves in masses of 20 to 30 eggs.

In its native range, it feeds on a wide variety of host plants. Fruits attacked include apples, peaches, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons. This true bug has also been reported on many ornamental plants, weeds, soybeans and beans for human consumption. Feeding on tree fruits such as apple results in a characteristic distortion referred to as “cat facing,” that renders the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product.

stink-bug-eggsThis insect is becoming an important agricultural pest in Pennsylvania. In 2010, it produced severe losses in some apple and peach orchards by damaging the fruits.  It also has been found feeding on blackberry, sweet corn, field corn and soybeans.  In neighboring states it has been observed damaging tomatoes, lima beans and green peppers. Their most destructive year so far was 2010, as they caused $37 million in damage to Mid-Atlantic apple farms alone. But 2013 has seen a similar stink-bug surge, following a one-year population boom of 60 percent that was reported in March. While the invasion is still worst in Mid-Atlantic States, it has also spread west; scientists are expecting “buckets full” of the stink bugs in Wisconsin, for example, and Sacramento is now home to what may be the first reproducing population in California outside Los Angeles County.

These insects are not known to cause harm to humans, although homeowners become alarmed when the bugs enter their homes and noisily fly about.  The stink bug will not reproduce inside structures or cause damages.  If many of them are squashed or pulled into a vacuum cleaner, their smell can be quite apparent. Let’s have a look at the following article.

Stink bugs threaten Pacific Northwest crops

by KGW Staff

Posted on September 24, 2013 at 7:22 PM

PORTLAND — A destructive stink bug is invading the Pacific Northwest and could cause billions of dollars in damage to crops.

The brown marmorated stink bug is an almost indestructible pest originally from Asia. Experts say it’s not only hard to kill, but it also eats almost any crop and is immune to most pesticides.

“It’s spreading like wildfire in the Willamette Valley,” said Oregon State University entomology professor Peter Shearer. “We’re finding it in hazelnuts, grapes and berry crops.”

Clark County farmer Joe Beaudoin said he first spotted the bugs in a pumpkin crop a few weeks ago, but the population has since exploded. The bugs are now almost everywhere in the pepper field on his 80-acre farm. He said he sees the problem spreading on other farms as well.

“It’s not going to be just me. It’s going to be everybody else,” Beaudoin said. “And we’re going to be looking at millions or billions of dollars worth of damage in our crops.”8449646132_4e87be419c_b

The bugs live through the winter and often find shelter in homes, so Shearer said the area could see potentially devastating infestations of them next year.

He said anyone spotting the bugs inside a home should vacuum them up and dump the vacuum bag in a trash bin outside the home (because they stink).

There are also other numerous news articles showing the damage caused by these bugs. Some of the links of these news articles are given below:

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/10/alien-invasion-the-stink-bugs-are-coming/

http://www.wlos.com/template/cgi-bin/archived.pl?type=basic&file=/shared/news/features/top-  stories/stories/archive/2013/09/NbZ8ISiG.xml#.UlzYltJHJZ8

http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2013/10/12/stink-bug-weather/2961425/

The solution for this problem will be to use pesticides and insecticides. But this will again lead to toxicity in agricultural products. Insecticides will also not stop the additional invasions of these bugs. Both live and dead brown marmorated stink bugs can be removed from interior areas with the aid of a vacuum cleaner, but the vacuum may smell of stink bugs for a period of time.  Although aerosol-type sprays and foggers labeled for domestic stink bugs will kill these pests in living areas, it will not prevent more of the insects from emerging from cracks after the room is aired out. Use of these materials is not a solution for long-term management of stink bugs. The only other solution is the one which can be provided by C Tech Corporation.

9766581565_70e85a581c_bWe produce a product named Termirepel™. This product is non toxic, non hazardous and eco friendly termite and insect aversive. It repels more than 500 species of insects. This product comes in the form of masterbatches and therefore can be incorporated into polymeric agricultural films. These films can be used to prevent crop damage.

This product works on Green chemistry and has unique qualities as it gets dispersed across the film length and do not leach out from the polymeric matrix. The product is designed to keep the termites and insects away from the desired application instead of killing them. Life span of the product is 15-40 years.

This product is one of its kinds and works on sustainability which is the need of the hour. It is 100% effective, environmental friendly and a green product.

 

Termirepel™ against Cockroaches…

indexWe know they are watching and waiting for the first opportunity to attack the food shelves. These unwanted and deliberately ignored pests in our houses are the cockroaches. We may be proactive about all the other stuff in the house but in case of these creepy creatures we often prefer to turn a blind eye. The reason being all the tried and tested methods to rid them from our homes and effectively our lives have proven futile. Cockroaches are one stubborn species to eradicate. They show a fascinating and unbelievable knack for survival against all odds that is almost enviable. And they are not just in our houses but everywhere, where they can find food.

It is this habit of theirs that poses a huge problem for us. They will happily scurry towards whatever food they can lay their eyes on. And once they walk across some rotting matter (or fecal waste) some of the bacteria present in that waste gets transferred onto their feet and legs. Roaches seem to be immune to most things and their general foraging allows them to transfer that bacterium to places and things that they share with humans. It is this activity of theirs which can turn potentially dangerous for us humans. One may ask why so?

Well it is simple really, certain proteins (called allergens) found in cockroach feces; saliva and body parts can cause allergic reactions or trigger asthma symptoms, especially in children. An allergic reaction can quickly spiral out of hand and turn fatal.

The below article paints a horrifying picture of a child’s encounter with this pest where he least expected it.

mail online

Child’s horror at discovering cockroach baked into crust of pizza in horrific breach of hygiene standards that led to closure of filthy takeaway business

By Olivia Williams

PUBLISHED: 16:59 GMT, 19 August 2013.index2

The owner of an infested takeaway restaurant has been fined after a child found a cockroach baked into their pizza crust.

Matloob Hussain, 44, was ordered to shut down his business after the bugs were discovered scuttling around in pans, inside chiller cabinets and running up the wall.

Cooking equipment and surfaces were filthy and covered in year’s worth of dirt, grease and food debris, Leeds Magistrates’ Court heard.

Bags of mouldy doner kebab meat were on the floor and food was found stored directly on filthy surfaces at Munchies takeaway at 21 Harehills Road in Leeds.

It was immediately closed down by environmental health officers when they saw the state of the food preparation areas.

Derek Hallam, prosecuting, said a child’s father reported the matter on August 22 last year after one of his children spotted the insect in a pizza.

Situated near the city centre, the American-style takeaway is used as a regular treat by residents in the Harehills area of Leeds.

Its website offers ‘special calzones’ and ‘vegetable calzones’ as its specialities.

Hussain was fined £750 and ordered to pay £1,250 court costs after pleading guilty to eight offences relating to failing to keep his premises clean.

Justice of the Peace Bill Baker said: ‘What we have heard this morning has been a stomach-churning horror story.

‘We are due to have lunch in three-quarters of an hour but I think we will skip it now.’

Speaking after the hearing, Councillor Mark Dobson said: ‘Munchies took the idea of a stuffed crust pizza to a whole new level.’

Looking at this appalling article one is forced to wonder if the little kid will ever be able to have a pizza again in his life. This one surely left a bad taste in his mouth.

These roaches need to be dealt with. One very important and essential way of doing it is maintaining proper hygiene at all times at all places especially in places like eateries where food is abundant and supervision is lacking. Other conventional methods include the use of potentially toxic and dangerous chemicals as insecticides and pesticides. But the use of these chemicals though conventional should be stopped as there is a chance of human contact and food contamination.

The times has come for doing all things unconventional, and go for another alternative a better, non toxic, non hazardous one at that. Termirepelis non toxic and non hazardous insect/termite repellent. It works on the concept of green chemistry and has a mechanism to repel the target species and not kill them. Termirepel™ is available in the form of lacquer and can be applied on wooden articles such as door frames, food storage cupboards, etc. It can also be incorporated in paint to be applied on galvanized and such other surfaces.  Termirepel™ can thus help us effectively keep cockroaches away from our food as well as our lives!

 

Reticulitermes : The eastern subterranean termites

Reticulitermes is a termite genus in the family Rhinotermitidae.

Reticulitermes santonensis is found in Western France, Reticulitermes grassei in southwestern France, northwestern and southern Spain and Portugal, Reticulitermes banyulensis in the  Roussillon region of France and Reticulitermes lucifugus in the Provence region.   Reticulitermes urbis, a newly described species is found in urban zones in the South-East of France (Marseille in the West to Italy in the East). Reticulitermes speratus is found in the Japanese peninsula.Reticulitermes3

The eastern subterranean termite (Reticulitermes flavipes) is the most widely distributed termite found in the eastern United States. R. flavipes is commonly found in Southern Ontario, and is found in all the eastern states including Texas.

Along with Reticulitermes virginica, R. flavipes is responsible for 80% of the $2.2 billion spent annually in the United States on termite control. Termites feed on wood cellulose, meaning that their presence in human made structures often goes unnoticed for lengthy periods of time. A termite infested timber will appear structurally sound from the outside, while inside it will have a honeycombed appearance. To detect the presence of R. flavipes the observer can test the integrity of the wood by tapping it with a screwdriver. If present, R. flavipes is found at, near or below ground level. Trim work, sub flooring, flooring, and the structural timbers are the areas of a building most susceptible to termite damage. The Eastern subterranean termite is considered a serious economic timber pest and it is estimated that in high activity areas more than 1 in 5 homes have been or will be attacked.

On-slab construction is of the most susceptible type because termites can enter through any crack in the slab that’s wider than a one by thirty two of an inch.  Also, structures built on slabs are nearly impossible to inspect for termites because so little of the frame of the structure is exposed near grade level where termite activity usually begins. In structures with basements, rim joists and sill plates are commonly the first areas where termite mud and shelter tubes can be detected. Probing these boards with an ice pick, knife, or screwdriver should be done during any termite inspection. Termites are often first noticed during remodeling projects.images (4)

Termite control methods include: physical barriers, chemical treatments, and physical treatments (such as heat, freezing, electrocution and microwave irradiation).

Structural damage to buildings is not R. flavipes’ only impact on humans. Termites also play a critical role in the decomposition of organic matter in natural communities. Without termites, the accumulation of dead organic matter on the forest floor would become detrimental to integrity of that forest. So even if these termites are a huge nuisance, they also have some advantages. Therefore completely terminating them is not an option. It will hurt the ecology if they are harmed.

images (3)Therefore the methods mentioned above to kill the termites will not be the correct way to go about this problem. There should be a solution which will keep these termites away from our surroundings and at the same time not completely eliminate them.

We, at C Tech Corporation have come up with the exact product as described above. Our product Termirepel™  is the perfect solution for this problem.

Termirepel is an aversive for termites and insects. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly repellent which works even against the most aggressive insects and termites.

Combirepel is also a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly product that repels both termites as well as rodents. Combirepel™ WP( wood protection) is designed as a single eco friendly treatment to treat wood from fungi, rodents, termites and many other insects

There are very simple processes to incorporate the above products in wood. The products are available in lacquer form so that they can be easily coated on the wood products. They are also available in solution form which can be mixed during the processing stage of wood. And last but not the least the above products can also be injected in the wood at high pressure.

The mechanism followed by our product is repellence by attacking their olfactory senses and it does not aid to kill the target species. The products do not interfere with the working of the end application it is used in. They are stable at high temperatures; they do not leach out or produce any toxic fumes and have a long shelf life of 5-40 years as per the application.

This green chemistry based product is the best foot forward in the right direction towards the path of sustainability and ecology protection.

Chemical Foggers: Wrong way to deal with pests

People get excited when someone comes as a guest in their home, but the same guest becomes a download sore in the eye when they outlive their visit and start disturbing the household. Humans can tolerate the visit of these two legged irritating guest but when the visitors are unwanted, uninvited multilegged creepy crawlers, they hunt them down with all their energy and try to drive them out. Presence of pests is big nuisance in household. They contaminate food, infest the surrounding with their dropping and spread diseases. Pests like termites, ants, bedbugs go to extent of causing monetary damages by destroying wooden commodities, electric wires- which may cause fire, etc.

download (1)Humans turn their house upside down when they find even a single cockroach, ant, bug etc. They try every possible method listed or known to get rid of these creepy crawlers. The most general method adopted by people is to use hazardous, toxic chemical in order to keep their house clean and safe. These hazardous chemicals are availabledownload (2) in the can and sprayed to kill the insects. In the rush to get rid of these vile creatures, people forget that such chemicals are hazardous and are harmful to human especially to kids. Such chemical foggers are advertised on TV as “a perfect way to have pests free home”; however in these ads they fail to mention the dangers associated with the use of such chemicals.

Here is an article from The New York Times which actually highlights the risks of using such hazardous and dangerous chemicals- FLAMABLE, CARCINOGENIC etc.

Explosion in Apartment Highlights Risks of Using Chemical Foggers to Kill Insects

Published: July 12, 2013

In the war between New Yorkers and creepy crawlers, the humans have tried every conceivable weapon to defeat the insects.

Some of the arsenal is legal — like roach traps, glue pads and cans of Raid — and some methods are illegal, like the use of a Chinese pesticide called “The Cat Be Unemployed.”

In their quest, people have even been known to douse their beds and walls in kerosene or gasoline to kill pests.

On Wednesday, a woman in Chinatown found herself under attack from unwanted multilegged visitors in her two-room apartment at 17 Pike Street, said Robert G. Byrnes, chief fire marshal for the New York City Fire Department. To deal with the infestation in one room, she set off about 20 foggers, also known as bug bombs, which release a fine aerosol mist into the air, he said.

She followed up on Thursday with another 20 foggers in the other room, Mr. Byrnes said. However, BUGS-articleInlineshe failed to turn off her oven’s pilot light, and the meeting of the flame and the highly flammable contents set off a powerful explosion, fire officials said. The blast blew out the back wall of the apartment, which is just above a ground-floor salon. The explosion caused a partial collapse of the building and ignited a fire that left 12 people injured, including three critically.

An order to vacate the building was issued on Friday after inspectors from the Department of Buildings determined that illegal interior partitions had been erected. It was unclear if the partitions delayed rescue efforts, but fire inspectors said it was the foggers that set off the blaze.

“These bug bombs are very flammable,” Mr. Byrnes said.

In fact, every year there are about 500 fires or explosions linked to the devices across the country, according to government statistics.

The pest control industry notes that with 50 million foggers sold each year, the number of accidents is relatively low.

But for many on the front line of the bug wars, from health officials to exterminators, foggers remain a source of frustration.

“They are very common, unfortunately,” said Timothy Wong, the technical director at M&M Pest Control, an extermination company in the city.

Foggers are often misused, Mr. Wong said. A single six-ounce can is enough to treat 6,000 cubic feet of space, which translates roughly to an 800-square-foot apartment with a seven-foot ceiling.

But because foggers are so cheap, costing about $3 a can, many people think more is better, Mr. Wong said.

Multiple foggers just increase the chances of an accident and shower a home in unnecessarily high levels of dangerous chemicals. People are advised to stay clear of homes sprayed with foggers for two to four hours.

“More is not better in this case,” Mr. Wong said.

Foggers are often also used to eliminate the wrong insects, he said.

imagesEven though foggers are not marketed to kill bedbugs, that is the pest many consumers use them for, according to surveys conducted by health officials.

“Bedbugs hide in cracks and crevices and their bodies are very thin, as thin as a credit cards,” Mr. Wong said. “Foggers cannot penetrate into these crevices and often it will just drive them to burrow deeper or into other units.”

Cockroaches pose a different problem, he said.

“About 20 years ago, researchers realized that they eat each other’s droppings,” he said. So while the fog has a limited kill zone, bait traps are more effective because they poison not only the cockroaches that eat them but also those who eat their droppings.

Foggers came into widespread use in the 1970s, and there are now 150 such products registered with the federal government, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

Mr. Byrnes, who has been with the Fire Department for 32 years, said that in the early 1980s the department started to see problems with the foggers.

The department found that the foggers were often poorly labeled, and the labels that were on the packaging did not convey just how flammable the foggers were.

The labeling has improved, he said, but there is still a challenge in educating the public.

Most important, he said, people need to “eliminate all possible sources of ignition” when using a fogger. Some sources are obvious, like cigarettes or a pilot light, but others less so. Any device that cycles on and off — even a light switch — should not be used while the fogger is deployed.

Daniel Kass, a deputy commissioner at the city’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, said the dangers went beyond explosions.

In 2009, the city petitioned the Environmental Protection Agency to restrict the use of total release foggers. The agency did not take action, but Mr. Kass said he remained convinced that the devices were harmful.

Besides the risk of explosions and fires, he said, there is also the risk of poisoning. People often fail to wait enough time before re-entering a space that has been fogged or to ventilate the space properly.

And in the battle against bugs, it is often low-income neighborhoods that suffer the most. After all, when the choice comes down to a $175 visit from an exterminator or a $3 fogger, the fogger will most often win out.

“The cynical aspect is they are being marketed as this kind of cure,” Mr. Kass said 

Even with the use of these harmful foggers, the uninvited creepy crawlers come back after sometime; so what is the point of using such hazardous chemicals, shelling out money(though chemical foggers are cheap) and risking our own life?

We should now look for a solution that is long lasting, has the ability to successfully drive these creepy crawlers out of homes and most importantly should be non-hazardous. There is a solution called as Termirepel™. Termirepel™ is a product of C Tech Corporation and is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly. Termirepel™ is available in solid masterbatch form and can be incorporated in polymeric applications like cables, pipes, films etc. It is also available in liquid and lacquer form which can be applied as coating on household applications like furniture, floor, and doors and also galvanized surfaces. It repels a broad spectrum of insects like termites, cockroaches, ants, bugs etc. The working mechanism of the product is repellence and it does not kill the target species. Combirepel™ is another non-toxic, non-hazardous product which repels the creepy crawlers and rodents too.

Use of these non-toxic products is the only way to keep our home safe, clean and protected from the pests.

Wood Borers: Boring their way into our home

There was Bronze Age, Copper Age, Iron Age and many other eras during which the use of one material was prominent. After a particular era the importance of the precious material has toned down. Wood however is the only material which still has its important status since time immemorial. Although the wood has been replaced by metals, polymer, ceramic and other materials in many applications, wooden artifacts are still considered of great value. We still find people who fill their beloved homes with wooden furniture to make it beautiful and more authentic.

Wood is one of the oldest friends of man and is always found in proximity to them in the form ofimages (12) bed, dinner table, chairs, grandfather’s clock, grandpa’s arm chair and many more. Loving and decorating our homes with wooden furniture is fine but protecting them from some of the vile species is of utmost importance. Species which were meant to help environment by giving a hand in biodegradation of wood have actually now become a big menace. Species like termites, carpenter ants, etc. attack healthy wood and have the capability to turn them into dust. Apart from termites and carpenter ants, we also have wood boring beetles that vilify the wood.

About three hundred different species of wood-boring beetles are known to occur in our domestic download (2)woodwork indoors, but of these only seven are of frequent occurrence, and it is to the larval or grub stage that we apply the description ‘woodworm’. Woodboring beetles are commonly detected a few years after new construction. There are three groups of wood-boring beetles—powderpost, deathwatch, and false powderpost.

Many different types of wood structures and commodities have been damaged by these wood borers. Timber, planks, musical instruments, and wood carvings are the examples of the commodities damaged.

images (11)The wood borers especially powder post beetles do significant damage to wooden commodities, much more than that done by carpenter ants. The damage is done by the larvae that feed and reduce the wood to a fine powder or mass of small pellets and create narrow, meandering tunnels in the wood.

After the adult female emerges, she seeks other open-grained images (8)wood and deposits an egg in a pore. After hatching, the larvae eat their way into the wood, completing the cycle in about one year. This process may be repeated on the same piece of wood one quarter to one half inch from the emergence of the hole. Wood finishes: varnish, paint and waxes prevent an infestation. However, the insects already inside the wood will continue to thrive and eventually will emerge through the treated surface.

The lumber supply may have contained wood infected with beetle eggs or larvae, and since beetle images (4)life cycles can be one or more years, several years may pass before the presence of beetles becomes noticeable. In many cases, the beetles will be of a type that only attacks living wood, and thus incapable of “infesting” any other pieces of wood, or doing any further damage.

There are several indicators that wood-boring beetles are present. Probably the most common sign of a wood-boring beetle infestation is the presence of holes chewed by the adult beetles upon emergence. Another indicator is a images (7)powdery material called frass that beetles often produce while feeding. Frass is plant fragments made by a wood-boring insect; it is usually mixed with excrement. The beetles push the frass from the holes they have made in the infested wood. This frass usually gets piled below the holes or in cracks in structures. The consistency of the frass ranges from very fine to coarse, depending on the species.

Sometimes an infestation is indicated by the presence of wood-boring beetle adults. Adult beetles that emerge in confined structures are attracted to lights or windows and may accumulate at these Wood_Destroying_Insectslocations.

Other signs of an infestation include stained wood or a blistering appearance on the wood surface caused by larvae tunneling just below the surface. Less commonly, immature beetles produce audible rasping or ticking sounds while chewing on the wood. These chewing sounds are most often heard during quiet times at night.

To stop this night time chirping steps have to be taken at root level i.e. the lumber from which the wooden commodities are made should be protected from these borers. To curb this problem of the wood borer, a unique solution in contrast to the typical hazardous, non-effective has to be adopted. And there is a solution, infact a Green solution provided by C Tech Corporation: TERMIREPEL™. Termirepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly product, with a high efficacy to repel insects like wood borers from the wood. Termirepel™ is a multitasking product; along with wood borer it protects the wood from vicious termites, notorious carpenter ants and other insects. Termirepel™ in solution form can be injected at high pressure in the lumber so as to prevent the infestation. It is also available in lacquer form which can be applied on the furniture, patios, floor as coating so as to prevent further infestation.

Curbing the Mosquito menace

Thousands of death, families broken, and the chair at the dinner table empty. All the precious lives, mindlessly ended due to the danger named dengue.

Dengue fever, also known as break bone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti. The virus has four different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As there is no commercially available vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.Aedes_aegypti_biting_human

Dengue was mainly introduced to Indians in the aftermath of the great floods experienced in Mumbai on 26th July, 2006. It was a nightmare followed by even a greater nightmare. Every second person in the hospital bed was dying of this disease.

Now after 7 years, it still manages to claim lives. Below mentioned article was written in The Times of India on 1st September, 2013. The track record of this disease is such that people totally lose hope.

Five BNSD Shiksha Niketan hostel inmates test positive for dengue

TNN Sep 1, 2013, 02.24AM IST

KANPUR: Five inmates of BNSD Shiksha Niketan hostel have tested positive for dengue. With this the number of dengue patients in the city in August has touched 37, including three deaths. Head of Microbiology department at GSVM Medical College Dr Atul Garg said that 11 new cases, including five BNSD students, have been reported in the ongoing week (August 26 and 31).

The disease also claimed a life at Lala Lajpat Rai (LLR) Hospital. Their platelet count was quite low and they were running high fever for the last few days. LLR’s Bal Rog Hospital head Dr RP Singh said that a kid from Maudaha region died of dengue on Thursday. He was brought to LLR on August 26. Two other deaths due to dengue were reported in the first fortnight of August. Commenting on the five hostel inmates, BNSD Shiksha Niketan’s media incharge Deepak Singh blamed unhygienic condition of Brijendra Swaroop ground adjacent to the hostel premises for the mosquito menace. He added that school management had repeatedly asked the municipal corporation to remove garbage from the ground but in vain.

“Civic body’s apathy has left students sick,” he added. However, he refused to comment after being told that dengue mosquitoes breed in clean water found in homes. Meanwhile, students alleged that hostel authorities were yet to empty the coolers.

Other news articles regarding the menace of dengue are in the following given links:

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/142-test-positive-for-dengue-in-August/articleshow/22240268.cms

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-08-31/rajkot/41641149_1_dengue-fever-cases-rajkot-municipal-corporation-jagnath

If the misconception is that the dengue cases are only restricted to India, then it is wrong. The following links give a report of dengue in America, Puerto Rico etc.

http://news.yahoo.com/dengue-epidemic-looms-central-american-region-191518090.html

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/09/puerto-rico-dengue-epidemic_n_1952262.html

As we all know that the only way to fight a problem is to go to its root cause and uproot it. Well, the root cause of dengue as mentioned above is the mosquitoes. We can safely say that mosquitoes are omnipresent in most parts of India and around the world. There is no assurance that the mosquitoes will be totally extinct from world. So the only option is to find a solution which will repel mosquitoes and keep them away from us. At the same time the solution used should not harm the ecology.220px-Dengue06

Malaria is another disease caused by mosquitoes that can turn fatal. It is not as fatal as dengue, but leads to a lot of trauma among the victim.

The question here is why to go through so much trauma? The humans, being the evolved species have come up with solutions to every little problem. Then why not for this?

We, at C Tech Corporation have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™.  We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target insects or termites but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. There are more than 500 species against which this product works.

This product can be easily used against mosquitoes. It can be used in terms of lacquer as well as liquid form. It can be coated on the end applications and thus mosquitoes can be kept away from homes, buildings and other public places.

Nothing in life is as smooth as the air plane runway. There are bound to be hurdles and bumps in our way. But how we tackle them defines our success. Using Termirepel™ to tackle the problem of mosquitoes will go a long way in giving us the success in eliminating diseases like dengue and malaria and will help us to live fearlessly.

Ants damaging wires and cables!!

Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae. Theyflorida_carpenter_ants01 form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organized colonies that may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals.

Ants have a great ability to exploit human resources. They damage crops and invade buildings. Some species, such as the red imported fire ant, crazy ants are regarded as invasive species.

fire-ants-nest-defense-solenopsis-invictaIt has been reported in ABC news that the invasive ‘crazy ants’ were chewed up the electronics in the south-east US, and have caused $146.5 million in damage.

Research has shown that ants are capable of detecting electromagnetic fields. When an ant gets electrocuted, it releases a chemical which causes the other ants to rush over and search for attackers. Their attraction to electrical equipment can cause short circuit when they damage unit through insulation. Infestation of acrobat ants in an air conditioner unit caused damage upto $200.

It is also observed that ants build soil bridges (tunnels) in electrical equipments. The moisture content in the soil sometimes results short circuit and destruction of the electrical equipment.

In every part of the world, ants cause significant damage and heavy monetary losses.

In Georgia because of the power surge, various electronics like microwave, stove, fan etc. were damaged. The culprits for the power surge were found to be ants and the home owners has to bare a loss of total $2,200.

The red hordes ‘ants’ already have staked a claim to 63 million acres in Texas-a third of the state-causing at least $10 million in damage a year. The ants are moving westerly at about 15 miles a year, according to scientists, but so far have not gone farther north than the Texas-Oklahoma border, because they cannot survive the long, cold winters.

A news article has been reported in Mid-day newspaper on 24 june2013, Mumbai

Railways bugged by ants chewing wires in locals

The mystery of the malfunctioning display Local-trainboards and public address systems inside trains has been solved: red ants have been chewing on wires in circuit boards, sending the whole system into disarray.

 

On the face of it, railway authorities appear to be making a mountain out of an anthill. But the mayhem ants have been causing in local trains — which ferry lakhs of Mumbaikars everyday — warrants a closer scrutiny of their claims.

In the past six months, the Western Railway (WR) authorities encountered cases where public address systems (PAS) and display boards inside locals and even the motor units responsible for running the train went for a toss for reasons unknown to them.

“We took these trains for inspection and found out that thousands of red ants were holed up inside the circuit boards, damaging them,” said a senior WR official on condition of anonymity. Officials claim that the itsy creatures had bitten off wiring and cables that supply low-powered electricity to PAS and display boards. Many ants had died after gnawing at the wires.

Due to this, the electrics of announcement system — generally used by motormen or guards to address commuters in case of trouble or for announcing the next station — and display boards — showing next station’s name and other messages — had got disconnected.

(Gl)itch in the coach
In one of the cases, ants had eaten into the cables and circuits affecting the motor coach, which led to an abrupt failure while it was running.

“We were surprised to see that red ants in large numbers had damaged the systems,” said Sandeep Silas, divisional railway manager, Mumbai, Western Railway.

Sources claim that initially around two to three trains were facing this problem. But in the last couple of months, one train was particularly affected by the menace. “These ants crawl up into the trains when they are parked at different stabling lines on the 60-km Churchgate-Virar route and inside yards, an official said.

Authorities have now started using repellents to tackle the menace.

Sources said officials are spraying insecticides on all the affected locals, and sweeping away the dead ants stuck in between intricate circuitry to avoid further operational disruptions. 

Termirepel is the best solution to tackle this problem in the best possible way. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environmentally friendly aversive which repel termites and other insects including ants. Termirepel can be incorporated in wire and cables to protect them from ants and other insects. The shelf life of the product is 25-40 years and it is compatible with almost all the types of polymers. It is available in masterbatches and liquid form.