Termites raid library

Timothy Healy once quoted “To those with ears to hear, Libraries are really noisy places.

On their shelves we hear the captured voices of centuries- old conversation that makes up our civilization”.

This can best summarize how truly significant libraries are and their influence in catering to the imagination and consciousness of a nation.

We all know that books contribute to civilization, and therefore they must be treasured.  Jorge Luis Borges once said “I have always imaged that paradise will be a kind of library”.  But imagine a paradise which is repeatedly invaded by unwanted intruders. It is tarnished- the picture perfect paradise.

That is exactly how a library is when it is intruded by creepy crawly creatures such as termites. Books are a haven for readers- they are also a feast for termites.

Termites are known to feed on dead plant material, generally in form of wood, leaf litter, soil or animal dung. Owing to their great interest for woods many termite species are known to do great damage to unprotected building and wooden structures. Moreover, their habit of remaining concealed often results in their presence being undetected until the timbers are severely damaged and exhibit surface changes. Once termites have entered a building, they do not limit themselves to wood; they also damage paper, clothcarpets, and other cellulosic materials.

In April 2011, wood-eating termites were blamed for reportedly consuming more than $220,000 worth of Indian rupee note

termitesTwo weeks after its opening in Jan 2012 the Bloy Community library was attacked by termites with all the books completely destroyed resulting in roughly USD 10000 and more costs which would have to be incurred to address the damage done to the library.

While termite damage to books and cupboards was evident it was surprising to note that even concrete walls of the libraries were damaged.  But I was surprised to know that even the concrete walls of libraries were damaged.

Further investigation and study revealed that concrete floors and walls develop untitledcracks over time. This leads to holes in the pipes or wires and through the walls where termites can squeeze through.  Termites can tunnel best when the ground around them is moist. Concrete slabs keep some moisture directly underneath the home, which attracts termites. There is an urban legend that says that termites can eat through concrete to get into a home. In fact, termites do not eat concrete. They can squeeze through very tiny cracks, so it sometimes seems like they have eaten their way through.

While there is a need to employ methods to address the damage by termites it cannot be overlooked that termites have a vital place in our ecology.

For a steady plant community to arise and persist, a delicate natural balance must termiteexist involving plant growth, plant consumption by animals and insects, and soil development through rock weathering and re-cycling of nutrients from broken-down plants. Termites play an important role in nutrient dynamics by ingesting and redistributing minerals, fatty acids, vitamins, and 20 amino acids. Soils surrounding termite nests also have a massive increase in fertility due to the higher nutrient status of materials eroded from mound surfaces. Hence we are required to select and choose for alternative which is completely suitable for such scenario.

Termirepel™ a product from C Tech Corporation is completely non-toxic, non hazardous and environmentally friendly product designed for protection against termites without harming termites and destroying their existence in any way.

Heritage structures and pests…!!!

Birds are a sight to behold when they are flying in a flock high up in the sky. They are colorful and make delightful sounds and are a living, ‘flying’ testimony to nature’s beauty.birds

But they also a threat to airports, a nuisance when it comes to their inhabiting household balconies and an ignominy to the heritage structures which they contaminate and pollute with their droppings with reckless abandon.

Bird with their nesting habits and dropping create a lot of nuisance in terms of cleanliness and damage to house-roofs, heritage structures and airports.

articleA heritage structure comprises legendary artifacts, history, cultural relics and monuments of our forefathers that are being preserved for generations yet unborn to learn from the past-be it good or bad.

These structures are the pride of a country giving it a sense of tradition and culture. Damage to them is shameful and inglorius. More often than not birds and insects are the direct reason behind damage, contamination and pollution of these timeless relics.

Birds with their pecking, food habits and droppings deface the structure. Insects such as termite gradually destroy the structure in a way that we cannot rework or repair the damage done by them.

Heritage structures are quiet and calm places where people (tourists) come and view the structure and relate to the history they studied. However it’s not possible to clean up the damage created by birds all the time on a continual basis like one does when there is dirt around the house.

As for houses and airports they are not far behind…

What would one feel when they have invited a guest over lunch to have a full view of bird droppings over the house roofs, windows and doors when they have already cleaned the house number of times. Apart from the acute embarrassment, these acidic droppings can also destroy the wood and paints used marring the beauty of a perfectly painted house.

And what would it feel like to welcome a foreigner to your country and find that the airport is full of bird crap!!!

Recently news published in Blaze (a site) stated that “cockroaches on a plane: couple sues over insect invasion during airtran flight”.

There was also a news in DailyMail were cockroaches and gnats ‘too many to count’ found crawling all over facilities where airplane meals are prepared.

Horrible scenario! Isn’t it??

cockroachesWell the same could have been controlled and avoided by the use of some pest control methods. We know that we all opt for pest control method however they are not really effective and create more damages as compared to the pest alone.

Pest control includes toxic products; need not to mention they are really poisonous and harmful to environment and also health both in terms of handling and inhaling. Moreover once they are applied, they still don’t fulfill the requirement, the pests are so immune to these pest control methods that they hardly react to the mechanism or chemicals these products works on.

We at this scenario need something which is non- toxic and effective at the same time.

Termirepel™ – A unique product specially designed for pests such as insects and birds.

Termirepel™ is completely non-toxic, non hazardous and environmentally friendly product.

Since it is non-toxic and environmentally friendly product it is safe to handle and completely safe if inhaled or ingested accidentally. A perfect solution for all our problems.

Termirepel™ is available in form of paint based solution, which makes it cockroachconvenient to use as where ever required. Termirepel™ is a transparent in color and hence is compatible with any kind colors-thus making it a complete package for protection against birds and insects without compromising with your decorative aspects.

So since we know we have an alternative for all pest related problem, we don’t have to worry anymore for the same.

Birds are a sight to behold when they are flying in a flock high up in the sky. They are colorful and make delightful sounds and are a living, ‘flying’ testimony to nature’s beauty.

But they also a threat to airports, a nuisance when it comes to their inhabiting household balconies and an ignominy to the heritage structures which they contaminate and pollute with their droppings with reckless abandon.

Bird with their nesting habits and dropping create a lot of nuisance in terms of cleanliness and damage to house-roofs, heritage structures and airports.

A heritage structure comprises legendary artifacts, history, cultural relics and monuments of our forefathers that are being preserved for generations yet unborn to learn from the past-be it good or bad.

These structures are the pride of a country giving it a sense of tradition and culture. Damage to them is shameful and inglorius. More often than not birds and insects are the direct reason behind damage, contamination and pollution of these timeless relics.

Birds with their pecking, food habits and droppings deface the structure. Insects such as termite gradually destroy the structure in a way that we cannot rework or repair the damage done by them.

Heritage structures are quiet and calm places where people (tourists) come and view the structure and relate to the history they studied. However it’s not possible to clean up the damage created by birds all the time on a continual basis like one does when there is dirt around the house.

As for houses and airports they are not far behind…

What would one feel when they have invited a guest over lunch to have a full view of bird droppings over the house roofs, windows and doors when they have already cleaned the house number of times. Apart from the acute embarrassment, these acidic droppings can also destroy the wood and paints used marring the beauty of a perfectly painted house.

And what would it feel like to welcome a foreigner to your country and find that the airport is full of bird crap!!!

Recently news published in Blaze (a site) stated that “cockroaches on a plane: couple sues over insect invasion during airtran flight”.

There was also a news in DailyMail were cockroaches and gnats ‘too many to count’ found crawling all over facilities where airplane meals are prepared.

Horrible scenario! Isn’t it??

Well the same could have been controlled and avoided by the use of some pest control methods. We know that we all opt for pest control method however they are not really effective and create more damages as compared to the pest alone.

Pest control includes toxic products; need not to mention they are really poisonous and harmful to environment and also health both in terms of handling and inhaling. Moreover once they are applied, they still don’t fulfill the requirement, the pests are so immune to these pest control methods that they hardly react to the mechanism or chemicals these products works on.

We at this scenario need something which is non- toxic and effective at the same time.

Termirepel™ – A unique product specially designed for pests such as insects and birds.

Termirepel™ is completely non-toxic, non hazardous and environmentally friendly product.

Since it is non-toxic and environmentally friendly product it is safe to handle and completely safe if inhaled or ingested accidentally. A perfect solution for all our problems.

Termirepel™ is available in form of paint based solution, which makes it convenient to use as where ever required. Termirepel™ is a transparent in color and hence is compatible with any kind colors-thus making it a complete package for protection against birds and insects without compromising with your decorative aspects.

So since we know we have an alternative for all pest related problem, we don’t have to worry anymore for the same.

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step

The Chinese philosopher Lao-tzu aptly summed up the beauty of undertaking a journey. A memorable journey has its antecedents in a comfortable and relaxing experience regardless of the mode of transport. So whether you are traversing the length and breadth of the country over the national highway or whether you are traveling via public transport comfort is key to a good start to an epic journey!

However these days journeys are off to a horrible start. The reason- pests are on a journey of their own. Whether it is the Indian Railways- the country’s biggest employer or the comfort of your own car – which could be a Mercedez benz or the erstwhile Maruti swift class unconscious pests shall find their way into these places and mar your journey and plague you along every step and every mile.bed bug 1

Pests such as termites, roaches, flies and specially bed bugs are a nightmare for backpackers, voyagers, families traveling and the like. Until about few years ago, bed bugs were largely the stuff of bedtime sayings. “Sleep tight, don’t let the bed bugs bite.” Now, these tiny pests have emerged as a big nuisance throughout the country. They like to hide in small cracks and crevices close to a human environment. They can be found behind baseboards, wallpaper, upholstery, and in furniture crevices. Beg bugs are also known to survive in temporary or alternative habitats, such as backpacks and under the seats in cars, busses and trains.

“Bedbugs start bugging train passengers” was the news published in TIMES of INDIA dated 21st Feb 2012. Where in the news sated that Cimicidae or bedbugs are small parasitic insects and refers to species that prefer to feed on human blood. Almost invisible to human eye, these bugs, once they have fed on human blood, bloat to the size slightly smaller than the sac of a mosquito in a similar state. The most commonly infested places are the mattress.

A U.S. News stated “Detroit bus drivers bugged about bedbugs” Published: June 29, 2012 describes the request the bus drivers union in Detroit has asked the City Council regarding pressurizing the transit authority to help stop the spread of bedbugs on buses.termites 1

Although bed bugs can dine on any warm-blooded animal, they primarily dine on humans. Bed bugs do not transmit diseases, but their bites can become red, itchy welts. Bed bugs bite, leaving small bite marks which are typically red. Sometimes the bites bleed. Occasionally bed bugs will leave several bites in a row on skin. In many cases, bed bug bites cause itching and nothing more. Sometimes the bites cause insomnia and anxiety, according to the Centers for Disease Control.

In some cases these bites can cause allergic reactions, including rashes and infections of the skin and lymph glands. In the most serious of cases, bed bug bites can induce anaphylaxis, a rapid, whole-body allergic reaction characterized by abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, anxiety, swelling, chest and throat problems, and unconsciousness.  Anaphylaxis is no joke, often requiring a dose of epinephrine (adrenalin) to save the patient. To solve such problem arising from pests specially insects, we need a strong, effective and more specifically an environmentally friendly solution. A solution that is safe to humans as human are in direct contact insects.

Termirepel™ is a non toxic, non hazardous and environmentally friendly product. Termirepel™-Not only safeguards the properties and damages done by pest to various sectors but also doesn’t harm the pests in any way. Termirepel™ as the name suggests it repels the pest from the targeted area.

Termirepel™ is available in a paint based solution –can be used as solution for woods, walls, windows etc. Also it is available in form of masterbatch-to be incorporated in the polymeric material such as bed resin, seat covers, wires and cables.

Application of Termirepel™ as paints based solution or as a masterbatch is an effective way in restricting pests (roaches, flies, termites and bed bugs etc) from causing damage.

 

Termirepel against the blood sucking bedbugs

Termirepel™ is a non- toxic, non- hazardous and environmentally friendly anti termite/ insect aversive masterbatch. This amazing masterbatch can be250px-Bed_bug,_Cimex_lectularius successfully incorporated in a wide range of applications ranging from polymeric to coating like wood preservation, termite barrier applications, fiber optic cables and electrical wiring, plastic ducts and hoses, Gaseous transfer applications including pipelines etc.

 A Gist on Bedbugs

Bed bugs are parasitic haematophagus insects (blood sucking) insects and probably the oldest of the human parasites. They are mainly active at night but this does not imply them of being completely nocturnal and feed exclusively on blood. The adult bedbugs appear light brownish or reddish brown in color and have a flattened or oval shape. They are responsible for a number of adverse health effects e.g. skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms.

They were believed to have been eradicated in the early 1940s but on 12th December 2011, experts at SRI International reported that bedbugs can inbreed and can still reproduce.

bedbugs-5040d92726e53822The common bed bug, (Cimex lectularius) has adapted well to human environments. It is generally found in temperate climates. It is more common in tropical regions, and feeds on hosts e.g. poultry and bats.

Leptocimex boueti, found mainly in South America and West Africa feeds chiefly on humans and bats.

Haematosiphon inodora, of North America, feeds primarily on poultry.

They have their own ways of getting into human habitats ex- when luggage, furniture especially second hand ones, sofas or bedding are moved in. These parasites can survive for months without food. A bat or a bird when flies into a home can also bring some bedbugs. This dilemma should not be taken for granted with a notion that they aren’t that dreadful vectors.

EPA and Center for Disease Control and Prevention have affirmed that “bedbugs are a significant public health concern”. They can cause anemia, mental health concerns, anxiety, insomnia and depression”.


bed_bug_bites_handSigns of their infestations

  • Reddish bumps start showing on the skin accompanied by extreme itching after being bitten by a bedbug. In a few cases the victim may have an anaphylactic reaction.
  • Blood stains on the sheets or pillowcases

Bedbug faecal spots, egg shells or shed skins in their hideout areas.

 Treatment

  • Firstly, we should avoid scratching that can be infectious
  • Tropical creams like cortisone to relieve itching are available in the market and oral antibiotics are also prescribed by few doctors
  • Antihistamines also help in relieving itching.
  • Oral corticosteroids are prescribed in case of severe allergies

   Few Evidences

Bedbug Invasion bothering “the Kangaroos”

Feb 11, 2011

The ABC News had published that bedbug infestations have risen after being wiped off by the banned DDT years ago. A lot of complaints from the hoteliers, the local residents have revealed their comeback to the Australian subcontinent. They like cracks and crevices in rooms, the power points, mattresses etc.

“They like to be in the dark, in the warmth and don’t mind being claustrophobic.”

Sydney pest controller Rita Kokontis confirms that the travelers and tourists are behind their rising numbers.

Travelers sue Chicago’s Hotel over bedbug attack

Aug 22, 2012

Pamela April and Char’o Safford claim that their families suffered bedbug bites at Chicago’s Hickory Ridge Marriott Hotel. They sued the Hotel for $ 2, 50,000.  According to a Fox Chicago reporter, Ms April claimed that she was contacted by the Hotel authorities saying that bedbugs had been found in her room.

Bedbug attack grounded British Airways 747

Mar 1, 2011

Yahoo executive Jane Selkirk flew twice with the British Airways and encountered horrifying bedbug bites both the times. During her first flight with them, she found bloodstains on her shirt and swarming with the bugs.

The second time she was terrified to find 90 bug bites on her body. A lot of such incidences have been reported with the Boeing.

Bedbugs are a growing problem around the world.

Popular methods to control Bedbugs:

  1. Normally, to overcome this problem fumigation of a particular area is undertaken or some insecticides are available to fight this dilemma. Initially in the early 1940s DDT had been used which got banned later and in the recent years pyrethroid based insecticides like λ-Cyhalothrin, Bifenthrin, Carbaryl, Imidacloprid have been in use. But questions arise on their possible toxic effects on the surrounding including the living beings and additionally, these blood suckers have developed resistance to these insecticides including organophosphates.
  2. Inorganic materials like diatomaceous earth in combination with other methods can also manage to fight this infestation but should be used in a dry environment.
  3. Boric acid is also used but has lesser efficacy because bedbugs do not groom.

 Termirepel™ Naturopathy

As discussed above, Termirepel™ is an anti termite/ insect aversive masterbatch which is non- toxic, non- hazardous and a green product.  Termirepel™ does not contain any lead, copper or other heavy metal toxic compounds and also contributes in maintaining a greener environment with its negligible leachability characteristic.

It works on a mechanism of aversion i.e. insects are deterred instead of aiming at killing them. This further has impacts like feeding disruption whereby the insect will suffer an unpleasant reaction and hence will keep itself away from the Termirepel™ treated area. This mechanism gradually conditions the response of the animal and achieves a drastic decline in the number as well as the intensity of infestations. Termirepel™ acts as an excellent wood preservative and it involves the wooden application to be dipped into a solution of Termirepel™. Since the major hideouts for these bugs are old furniture, sofas, bedding and other wooden items Termirepel™ can prove to be a good alternative to fight these blood sucking parasites.

Termites in Heritage Construction Structures

india_800191iThe ancient monumental structures are a symbol of pride and honor for any Nation and their preservation as well as their maintenance is a huge responsibility for the Government.

A lot of such popular spectacular architectures are facing a threat owing to these termites. Such structures face a potential hazard like termite attack of timber and cellulosic materials. This generally happens when the wood starts rupturing and therefore becomes susceptible to attack by the hungry termites that feed basically on dead/ deteriorating wood.

Termites are a group of eusocial insects which thrive mostly in terrestrial environments. Their survival entirely depends upon cellulose consumption images (1)and this is the reason why attack cellulosic fibers like wood, cloth, paper, furniture etc. There is a possibility of attack of these structures by two types of termites. One of them is drywood and the other being the subterranean species. The drywood termites do not require a ground contact while the subterranean termites require some moisture source.

The Formosan Subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) is an invasive species of termite. It is often referred to as super termite due to its destructive nature. These species have a large number of colonies and capable of eating up the wood at a rapid rate.

Formosan subterranean termites infest a wide variety of structures including boats and high-rise Condominiums and can damage trees. In the United States they are responsible for tremendous damage to property resulting in large treatment and repair costs.

In this article, we will enlighten on some astounding termite damages typically the Cultural Heritage structures and also a result oriented alternative to fight this battle against termites the world over.

Termite damage to the cultural heritage structures is a very common scenario in these structures and few such incidents are discussed below:

The Statue of Liberty

Prior to 1996, the termites were great concern for the Officials of the Nationalliberty Park Service. The infestations increased to such an extent that the museum area of the monument in the NY Harbor was temporarily closed to the visitors. The most severe infestations were at the base of the monument that houses the museum and the utility rooms.

Malaysian Temple Roof collapses

Large scale repairs are being carried out in the Guan Yin temple in the town of Gopeng in Perak, Malaysia when the temple authorities saw the temple’s roof coming down. On inspection they found that the termites had eaten the beam supporting the roof. They also found few other beams on the verge of experiencing a similar collapse.

Apparently, the repair costs come out to be really handsome. The restoration cost of the front is RM 200,000 (USD 64,000) and overseers are RM 50,000 that has been donated by the state.

Such a situation not only bothers the Government officials of the developing countries but even the Developed countries are facing such issues.

Termites trigger plan for Polish-style Synagogue

After termites ruined the foundation of their Synagogue, members of Congregation Beth Israel in Berkeley have decided to demolish and rebuild. The proposed replacement – a Polish style wooden Synagogue is estimated at $ 3 million.

Termites threaten Buddhist temple in China

imagesThe 130- year old Jade Buddha Temple and few high rise buildings in China are on an alert due to termites. A report by the local architecture quality revealed that the temple walls are weakening due to cracks in them. Efforts are being taken by the authorities to consolidate the buildings inside the temples.

Though the church looks fine externally but it internally it has become hollow. Michael Herenz, Reverend and Presbyter and in- charge of the temple reported that the whole structure can collapse if the repairing work of the temple is carried out.

Historic Christ Church cries for a fresh lease of life

60027947The 170- year old Christ Church in Guwahati, India has been reported to be slowly ruining as termites have eaten into the teakwood pillars though it still looks proper. It is one of the few remaining heritage structures left in the city.

Koreans battling the fiery hot weather and the termites

Major Korean cultural heritages are built of wood which invites the deadly as well as the hungry termites. In the 1920s termites were confined to just few parts of the peninsula but now they have made their presence everywhere from the Jeju in the south to the Gangwon in the north and this has made this battle much more serious in the past few years. The Government Authorities are conducting inspections on 63 wooden national treasures in the Daegu and North Gyeongsang regions.

This has been a very critical issue for the Government Authorities as this issue is never ending as a matter of fact, with time the wood ruptures making it a delicious snack for the termites.

Termirepel™ for the ancient wooden architectures

Termirepel™ is a non- toxic, non- hazardous and environmentally friendly anti termite masterbatch for a wide variety of Polymeric specifically for use in fiber optic cables and wires and coating applications like wood preservatives, termite barriers etc.

The wooden structures like high rise buildings, the Monumental structures and also the wooden support beams or foundation are susceptible to attack by termites. Many countries are in war against the termites and have put in a lot of efforts but the insecticides which are generally used like Bifenthrin, Permethrin, Resmethrin, Imidaclorid or fumigation do act against them but it is a toxic alternative and additionally, the termites and other insects have become immune to the termiticides.

Termirepel™ works well for such issues as it functions well as a promising wood preservative and has advantages of being toxic free as well as non- hazardous. The masterbatch does not comprise any toxic heavy metallic compounds like copper or lead.

Termirepel™ has a unique mechanism of deterring the termites/ insects using its unique chemical composition as a weapon against them. Consequently, as soon as a termite comes into contact with Termirepel™ incorporated application it suffers an unpleasant reaction and undergoes few temporary changes within its reproductive cycle. This gradually programs the insect in a way that they perceive that Termirepel™ is something for which they must withdraw their sting.

 

Roaches, Bedbugs accompany Passengers on board

“We are everywhere”, this is what cockroaches, and bedbugs feel proud about. Numerous incidences have occurred in the past few decades and theyindian-rail seem to be found in every corner of the world except Polar Regions and extremely cold countries.

In this article, we will shed light on the escalating infestations by termites like cockroaches, bedbugs, Cimicidae and other insects in the Railways.

These insects swarm in tropical and temperate climates and have the potential to reproduce speedily and thrive very close to the human dwellings where they are supported by food and shelter to grow are generally seen around garbage, kitchen and food storage areas. A female roach is capable of producing 300 – 400 off springs during her life span which implies an intense threat in the coming years.

cockroachThe roaches have been on this planet since ages i.e. for more than 300 to 400 million years with about 4000 species existing till date. The German, American, Brown banded and the oriental species are the most wanted urban pests. They are a threat to public health and considered major disease causing organisms.

According to the National Pest Management Control Association,

Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. Germs that cockroaches eat from decaying matter or sewage are protected while in their bodies and may remain infective for several weeks longer than if they had been exposed to cleaning agents, rinse water, or just sunlight and air”.

A 2005 NIEHS national study on factors that affect asthma in inner-city children shows that cockroach allergens appear to worsen asthma symptoms but unfortunately a very few percentage of the people globally are aware of its adverse health effects.

The common bedbug (Cimex lectularius) has been an ancient public health pest- feeding on blood and causing itchy bites. According to a few experts, this drastic increase in the number of insects like cockroaches and bedbugs is due to a lot of tourist visits, ignorance about the impact of the infestations of such pests, their increased immunity to the insecticides/ pesticides and improper pest control practices.

Cockroaches and bedbugs are more commonly found in human dwellings where they are likely to be supported in terms of food and shelter to increase their colonies. In the past they have been increasingly creating a chaos for the passengers travelling in trains, flights etc. Bedbugs are bothering the people with their presence in the seating arrangements and the roaches are often found in the food items, the rest rooms, the pantry coaches etc. Bedbugs are now considered a threat to America’s $ 30 billion tourism industry.

Few evidences are discussed below:

Bedbugs start bugging train passengers

Feb 21, 2012

The Konkan Railways has been receiving innumerable complaints regarding cockroachesthe pestering issues. The passengers travelling in the AC coaches are having a hard time dealing with the bedbugs, roaches, Cimicidae. Bedbugs and Cimicidae are parasitic insects and feed on human blood. The most common places for them are the mattress. Most of the people wish to travel in the AC coaches but it becomes stressful to travel in such conditions. V J Accamma, Chief Public Relations Officer of Southern Railway, confirmed TOI that they have been getting numerous complaints.

Will we ever… get rid of bed bugs?

Oct 19, 2012

p00zzjt5Many countries are viewing the same scenario despite their constant endeavor. The past decade has seen a drastic rise in their numbers and last month New York’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, a resource for other people with bed-bug infestations, had to fumigate one of its floors.

Roaches bug Railway commuters

June 1, 2007

Huge termite infestations have been recorded on the Western and The Central Lines in Mumbai and also affected their offices. They have affirmeduntitled that the trains and platforms have been infested with cockroaches, bedbugs and termites. At Borivali Railway station, around 9 lakh printed card tickets were found infected with white ants. The tickets have been lying unused, stacked up at the office. The Railway official swear that the coaches are cleaned regularly but this menace has been continuously growing. The officials also claim that the platforms and trains are being cleaned every night in the wee hours. Regular cleanliness drives are being carried out to ensure that the stations and trains are rendered clean, according to Pranai Prabhakar, WR’s Chief PRO.

The Telegraph

Cockroaches cluster on trains

March 3, 2010

The average Railway Carriage houses around 1000 roaches, 200 bedbugs and 200 fleas. Insecticides/ pesticides no more threaten these pests. The cockroaches are found behind the ceiling and the lighting panel and bugs in the seating fabric.

 Common Pest Control Alternatives:

According to a recent survey the pests have overcome their threat to the pesticides or insecticides sprayed against them. The pesticides currently in practice are not suitable for widespread use as they are quite expensive. Unfortunately, the chemicals are unable to achieve the desired results of controlling the parasitic insects. Insecticides like Bifenthrin, Dieldrin, Permethrin, Resmethrin etc. are toxic and contribute majorly to polluting the environment whether land or water.

Fumigation of a specific area is still practiced but this introduces toxic chemicals into the environment.

Introduction to Termirepel

Termirepel™ is a non- toxic, non- hazardous and environmentally friendly anti termite/ insect aversive masterbatch for usage in polymeric to coating green handshakeapplications. Few in house tests of the product conducted prove that it does not comprise any toxic heavy metallic compounds like copper or lead and also least negligible.

The masterbatch can be successfully used as a wood preservative as well as lacquer or varnish. It can be applied at all the entry points including the corners, beneath the window panes, the rods attached with seat berths etc within the coach.

The roach or the bedbug will experience an unpleasant reaction as soon as it comes in contact with Termirepel™ incorporated application. The problem of cockroaches and bedbugs has a wide domain causing a lot of inconvenience to major percentage of the human population.

Conclusion:

A green alternative is the need of the decade to fight this escalating dilemma that have alerted the topmost tycoons of the Railways worldwide who are trying their best to achieve their control. A result oriented sustainable alternative is worth looking forward to.

Termites-Types and Threats

Termites are one of the oldest insects in the world. They are widely spread all over the world. Termites eat non-stop 24 hours a day, seven days a week. They cause up to $2 billion in damage every year.

It is estimated that the average cost of repair due to termite damage is around $7000 although the cost can increase to around $50000 in some instances.

There are 3 main types of termites, subterranean termites, drywood termites and dampwood termites. Subterranean termites live in the soil underground while drywood termites live in wooden structures and trees. Subterranean termites are found in almost every state in the U.S and are most common in warmer climates.

Formosan termites are the most destructive species of subterranean termites. While subterranean termites require soil contact to receive moisture to survive, Formosan termites have the ability to form nests inside the colony to retain water for the colony.

Formosan termite colonies are larger than subterranean colonies with hundreds of thousands of members.

Dampwood termites live in wood with high moisture content. They are found in moist or decaying wood in logs, stumps and dead trees.

The species which do the most economic damage are Coptotermes acinaciformis, Coptotermes formosanus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Schedorhinotermes intermedius, Coptotermes frenchi, Nasutitermes exitiosus and Odontotermes obesus.

Termites are present all over the world but are the most common in Australia.

Coptotermes acinaciformis

These are subterranean termites, and are highly destructive. They are very aggressive and can damage wood-framed homes as well as brick and steel.coptotermes

They build their nests in the base of trees, or completely underground, especially under floor boards and favour moisture rich areas.

They are the most destructive termite species and are responsible for about 70% of all the damage to houses in Australia. A single colony may contain over 1 million termites. These termites are capable of causing large amounts of damage in a short period of time. They cause severe damage to timber and wooden structures, trees and electrical wiring.                         

Coptotermes formosanus

This termite is distributed all over the world. It causes large economic damage. The cost to prevent and control infestations and to repair the damage caused by this species has been estimated to be about $60 million a year in the US. This species attacks plants, structural timber as well as materials like plastic, asphalt, and thin sheets of soft metal.soldiercloseup_big

The damage is due to the aggressive but secretive nature of attack with little external evidence of attack. They can cause a great deal of damage in a relatively short time because of the large numbers of aggressive termites present. The large number of termites present in the colony makes it one of the most destructive species. They can be over 2 million insects with large colonies exceeding 10 million termites.

Mastotermes darwiniensis

Mastotermes darwiniensis are the most primitive termite species alive and are similar in appearance to cockroaches, which are the closest relatives of termites. They are one of the oldest termites and are found only in Australia

They are large in size and are also called the Giant Termite. They can grow up to 13mm in length. They are usually found in the stumps of trees. A mature nest can cause the termites to break off and form new nests. The network of many sub-colonies makes control of these termites difficult.Mastotermes

Mastotermes darwiniensis cause large damage to houses, buildings, bridges and also agricultural devastation. It also attacks rubber and leather goods including tyres, hide cables, bitumen, flour and there have even been instances of attacking glass. They also damage crops.

Schedorhinotermes intermedius

These termites are characterized by their large size of about 4-6mm in length and are found under houses, tree stumps, roots of trees and locations of timber in contact with soil. They feed on the sap of trees and usually have multiple nesting points that link together.schedorhinotermes-intermedius

This species can eat through an entire timber structure and cause major damage to timbers. It consists of major soldiers which are 6mm long and minor soldiers which are 4mm long. They are capable of rapidly damaging any structure in which they are present.

Coptotermes frenchi

This termite species is commonly called the Subterranean Termite. They5471177 usually built nests in tree stumps or roots of trees. Nests are also built as mounds. Coptotermes frenchi cause severe damage to timber structures, fruit trees, fence posts. However they are the most easily hindered. Once disturbed, they retreat from the location temporarily.

Nasutitermes exitiosus

These termites build nests that protrude 30 to 75cm above ground. They can be controlled by breaking the top of the nest and spraying insecticide in the nest.IMG_5289

Chemical methods of termite control and years of adding chemical barriers and termiticide can cause the soil to become leached with chemicals. Termite control rather than termite eradication is preferable. An environmentally safe alternative to termite control that does not have any adverse effects is required.