Enemy of Growers – Aphids!

Aphids are also known as the enemy of growers!

The planted crops are easily attacked by aphids causing a huge loss to the crop growers.

The evidence for the same is reported as below:

Aphid attack leaves wheat growers worried

Mar 24, 2020

Sameer Singh

Tribune News Service

Bathinda, March 23

Farmers in the region are worried as few weeks prior to the harvesting season, aphid (kala tela) has attacked the standing wheat crop.

Farmers from villages in Mansa rued that the crop was first damaged by heavy unseasonal rains and hailstorm and now the aphid attack has come to haunt them. Though the aphid attack has affected crop in several villages in the region, farmers of Khokhar Kalan, Bhai Desa, Burj Rathi, Burj Dhilwan, Burj Hari, Ubha, Khiali Kalan, Bhaini Bhagha, Kot Lallu, Nangal Kalan and Nangal Khurd villages are hit the most. They are now resorting to sprinkling of pesticides to minimise damage.

Aphid invasion causing a buggy situation in Calgary

By Tom Ross

Posted Sep 4, 2019

CALGARY (660 NEWS) — If you have ventured outside on a mild Calgary evening over the past few weeks, you may have found yourself swatting at the air a little more than normal.

There’s an influx of aphids this year, with countless little insects buzzing around causing a nuisance.

It’s not too dramatically different from some other years, but conditions were perfect for a high population this summer and fall.

“We had a fair amount of moisture in this part of the province, more so than maybe previous years, and that affords a lot of plant growth,” said Dr. Ken Fry, an instructor in the School of Animal Science and Horticulture at Olds College. “Since the aphids feed on plants, they’ve had lots of food, so their numbers build up over the summer. And hence, you get large numbers in the fall going to head out to over-winter.”

Aphids don’t really live that long, but this is their most active time of year.

The bugs are deep in the throes of mating season, and afterwards, need to find a nice safe place to store their eggs over the winter.

While it is an annoyance for now, fortunately, Fry is confident it will not last much longer.

They have proven to be the enemies of the growers, haven’t they?!

So, what is an aphid??

Let’s know!

Aphids have soft pear-shaped bodies with long legs and antennae and may be green, yellow, brown, red, or black depending on the species and the plants they feed on. A few species appear waxy or woolly due to the secretion of a waxy white or gray substance over their body surface.

Generally, adult aphids are wingless, but most species also occur in winged forms, especially when populations are high or during spring and fall. The ability to produce winged individuals provides the pest with a way to disperse to other plants when the quality of the food source deteriorates.

There are numerous species of aphids found throughout the world. These garden pests are usually most active in the springtime and decrease with a rise in outside temperatures.

They live on plants, especially on the new plant growth and buds, and the eggs can survive the winter. Although aphids live in colonies, they will move to other plants when their host plant is dying or overpopulated.

Aphids are among the most feared pests among growers in temperate regions.

What kind of damage can they do?

Aphids passively feed on the sap of phloem vessels in plants and extract the plant’s fluids and nutrients which turn the leaves yellow and stunt shoots. Some species inject the toxin into plants, which causes leaves to curl and further distorts growth. The newly developed plant becomes unhealthy and hence may die but the larger plants may survive with some damage.

Aphids produce a sweet and sticky excretion known as honeydew which turns black when affected by sooty mold fungus. The black spots affect the photosynthesis cycle and the plant eventually die. The aphid’s honeydew not only attracts the sooty mold fungus but also ants because the honeydew contains necessary ingredients like amino acids, protein, and sugar the fungus and ant requires.

All these were the direct and indirect damages to the plant/crops but the most harmful consequence of aphids is the Transmission of Diseases. Aphids can transmit dozens of viruses from a diseased plant to healthy in few seconds, especially through the winged generation. The biggest problem with viruses is that there is no remedy for them so that the infection of a plant that is not tolerant or resistant to the virus leads inevitably to a decline in the final production.

There are many conventional methods to prevent the plants and crops from aphids but all are ineffective. Pesticides are used which have failed to keep these pests away from the crops.

Knowing all the damages caused by aphids and the ineffectiveness of the conventional methods use,  let’s now know how to combat these pests.

C Tech Corporation can offer you the effective solution to overcome the damages caused by aphids, TermirepelTM is an ideal solution for prevention from inflicts of Aphids.

TermirepelTM works on the mechanism of repellency. The product triggers a fear response within the pest whenever it comes across an application treated  with our products, thereby exploiting the fight or flight response or sending chemical signals to insects that there is danger using semiochemicals.

The product is non-toxic, non-hazardous, and an insect aversive repellent.  It is RoHS, RoHS2, RoHS3, REACH, APVMA, NEA, EU BPR compliant and FIFRA exempted.

TermirepelTM is developed on the basis of green chemistry and technology.

TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated in plastic tree guards, fencing of trees, mulches, films, guard bags, floating row covers, polymeric equipment, etc.

The installed tree trenches, fences, guards, etc. can be coated with our topical solutions namely TermirepelTM liquid concentrate and TermirepelTM lacquer.

The spray product can be sprayed in areas of warehouses, equipment rooms, etc. to protect the yield from aphid attack.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
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3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Farmers grapple with Armyworm Horror

Just when the farmers across countries in eastern Africa were tackling with the devastating drought situation, they were being threatened by an invasive pest. The fall armyworm.!

The Fall Armyworms are spreading like a wildfire and causing a havoc.

The fall armyworm can damage and destroy a wide variety of crops in its larvae stage which causes large economic damage. Larvae can also burrow into the growing point and affect the growth of plants. The larvae penetrate crops and feed from the inside. Larvae cause damage by consuming foliage. Young larvae initially consume leaf tissue from one side. The larvae may do the damage but the adult moths ensure the rapid spread of the pest. Moths are very strong flyers, covering vast distances, so the infestation can occur in very short time.

Fall armyworm larvae can wreak havoc on a wide range of crops based on their food preferences. Destruction can happen almost overnight because the first stages of a caterpillar’s life require very little food, and the later stages require about 50 times more.

The pest reproduces at a rapid speed; an adult female can lay up to 1844 eggs/female (Barros et al. 2010), and several and overlapping generations occur every year.

In its larval stage, it can cause significant damage to crops, if not well managed. The pest mainly feeds on maize/corn but can attack and survive on more than 100 plant species including rice, sorghum, sugarcane, cabbage, beet, peanut, soybean, alfalfa, onion, cotton, pasture grasses, millet, tomato, potato, etc. It poses an enormous and wide-scale risk to the agriculture sector and it stands to intensify global poverty and hunger.

It is estimated that almost 40% of those species that armyworms target are economically important.

The fall armyworm was first detected in Central and Western Africa in early 2016 and has quickly spread to almost all maize growing countries in Africa and reached South Africa in 2017. Because of trade and the moth’s strong flying ability, it has the potential to spread further. The farmer’s livelihoods are at risk as the non-native insect threatens to reach Asia and Europe.

The Fall armyworm has been reported to cause annual losses of US$600 million in Brazil alone.

There are 208 million people dependent on maize for food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Maize also provides crucial income for small-holder farmers in the region.

Currently, more than 300 million Africans depend on maize as their main food source, and 46 of 53 countries in sub-Saharan Africa cultivate the crop.

Fall Army Worm has cost African economies billions of pounds in crop losses

Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (Cabi) chief scientist Dr. Matthew Cock said: “This invasive species is now a serious pest spreading quickly in tropical Africa and with the potential to spread to Asia.”

If proper control measures are not implemented, the fall armyworm could cause extensive maize yield losses of up to $6.2 billion per year in just 12 countries in Africa where its presence has been confirmed, according to the Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI).

The damages are reported as follows:

Fall armyworm found near Broome

21 Apr 2020

The invasive pest fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) has been confirmed near Broome following earlier discovery of the pest in Kununurra.

The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) has identified two specimens, the first collected on forage sorghum south of Broome and the second on Rhodes grass on a property east of Broome.

Fall armyworm is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.

Since 2016 it has rapidly spread to and throughout Africa, the Indian subcontinent, China and Southeast Asia. It has been found in north Queensland and the Northern Territory.

DPIRD is working with growers and industry to help ensure industries are prepared for and can minimise the impacts of fall armyworm.

Pheromone traps have been distributed in Kununurra, Broome, Carnarvon and Geraldton, as part of surveillance to help determine spread of the pest.

Fall army worms destroy crops worth Sh3 billion

By Anyango Otieno | May 24th 2018

Fall army worms have destroyed Sh3 billion worth of crop, according to Migori Governor Okoth Obado.

The pest is known to mainly feed on maize, but it can also infest close to 100 other crops, including rice, wheat, sorghum and avocado. “If you look at the damage that has been caused by the worm since its presence was detected in Kenya, we have lost over Sh3 billion. It is estimated that as a country we have lost between Sh3 billion and Sh5 billion as a result of crops being destroyed by the fall army worms,” said Mr Obado at a workshop at Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Services offices in Nairobi.

Farmers were advised to try a method called push-and-pull, which may not require a lot of effort to be put in place. This involves farmers growing other crops that are repellant to the pests. But how feasible is this? And is growing some other crop a solution to this?

Pesticides failed to give results and the armyworms have even developed a resistance towards the traditional pesticides used. Evidence for this is as follows:

Resistance to the usual pesticides makes armyworm more dangerous

By Agatha Ngotho │ April 16, 2018

Agriculture is grappling with many pests already, and as USAid’s Regina Eddy says, the armyworm is unique in that it is resistant to many conventional pesticides. Eddy is the coordinator of Fall Armyworm Task Force at the USAid Bureau of Food Security.

She said the pest also has a voracious appetite that particularly targets maize, which is a vital staple crop in Kenya and for many families in Africa. Eddy said the pest can cause billions of dollars in damage and put hundreds of millions of people at risk of hunger.

“The fall armyworm has been identified in over 35 countries in the past year in sub-Saharan Africa. This poses a great problem to agriculture in Africa, threatening food security and livelihoods,” she said on Wednesday during a video press conference with African journalists.

Is there any solution available to combat these pests?

Yes, to get rid of these pests we have an eco-friendly solution!

At C Tech Corporation, we provide you with Termirepel™ which is an insect aversive repellent. Termirepel™ is manufactured on the basis of green technology. It is extremely low toxic, non-hazardous, non-mutagenic and non-carcinogenic anti-insect aversive. Also, it is durable under extreme climatic conditions such as changes in temperature, rainfall, water pressure, etc.

Our product is ROHS, ROHS2, RoHS3, EU BPR, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted. Our product will not kill the targeted as well as non-targeted species but only repel which helps in maintaining the ecological balance of the earth.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is available in three basic forms: Masterbatch, liquid concentrate, and lacquer.

Termirepel™ Masterbatch is specially made for polymeric applications and used as additives in their processing time. It can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like the agricultural films and mulches, irrigation pipes, tree guards, greenhouse films etc. used for crop cultivation purpose. The product can be incorporated into the cables, and other applications used for agriculture.

Termirepel™ liquid concentrate is to be mixed in paints in pre-determined proportion and can be applied on the concrete fences around farms. It can be used on the interior and exterior of storehouses used to store food grains and other agricultural produce.

Termirepel™ lacquer can be directly applied to the applications such as wooden fences, already installed pipes, wires, cables, etc.

The repelling mechanism of the product would debar the worm and other insects that could damage the crops. Thus Termirepel™ is the best protection against these invasive fall armyworms.

Contact us at technical.martketing@ctechcorporation.com to get best solutions on pest nuisance

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

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1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

The fruitfly Menace

If you have been seeing small flies or gnats in your kitchen, they’re probably fruit flies. These pesky pests can be found throughout the world, in homes, gardens, warehouse, grocery stores, wineries, restaurants, etc. They are readily attached to any number of materials, especially that of moisture. Fruit flies can be a problem year round but are especially common during late summer/fall because they are attracted to ripened or fermenting fruits and vegetables.

But they also will breed in drains, garbage disposals, empty bottles and cans, trash containers, mops and cleaning rags. Hence, they also cause various bacterial diseases.

Fruit flies damage the larger proportion of agricultural production and even to crops grown in the gardens which are susceptible to attack by fruitflies. Commercial producers spend hundreds of millions of dollars on control measures and also suffered production losses.

Tomatoes, melons, mangoes, squash, grapes and other perishable items are often the cause of an infestation. Fruit flies are also attracted to rotting bananas, potatoes, onions and other products.

You see, when the fruit is overripe or starts to go bad it begins to ferment, producing alcohol, which attracts fruit flies. They continue to gobble up the fermenting fruit, and in the process, lay hundreds of eggs which hatch into larvae in mere hours.

Female fruit fly lay their eggs into healthy, ripening fruit on the tree. Fruit flies lay their eggs up to 500 at a time! When the larvae hatch, they feed on the moist surface too.  The entire life cycle from egg to adult takes only about eight to ten days so they proliferate with great rapidity.

Although fruit flies don’t bite humans (they actually don’t have any teeth), many people are allergic to the bacteria they carry, resulting in tiny red bumps on the skin.

Let us look at some evidences of damage done to fruits by these pesky little fruitflies:

Kenyan farmers battle fruit-fly menace as climate warms

by Caroline Wambui | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Sunday, 12 April 2020

As the planet heats up, growing pest numbers threaten Kenya’s lucrative mango, avocado and other fruit crops

KIRWIRE VILLAGE, Kenya, April 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Gideon Gitonga inspected his avocado orchard in central Kenya with military precision, revealing that some of the fruit were tinged with a worryingly familiar yellow colour.

Yet again, it was the same culprits attacking his crop on the farm in Kirwire village in Meru County: fruit flies.

“Most of the fruits you see with a ripening colour are not ripe,” he said. “(They) have been punctured by fruit flies and are in the process of rotting and eventually falling off.”

As the planet’s climate heats up, rising temperatures have driven a massive increase in Kenya’s fruit fly population, say agricultural experts.

Farmers in fruit fly-infested areas are losing on average up to half their crops each year to the tiny pests, said Onesmus Mwaura, a research assistant at the Nairobi-based International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE).

Fruit-fly damage costs farmers an estimated 50 billion Kenyan shillings ($472 million) every year, according to the government’s Horticultural Crops Directorate.

Fruit fly costs New Zealand ‘about $1 million’ and could pose risk to trade

Ryan Anderson and Matthew Rosenberg, February 17 2019

The Minister of Biosecurity has put the cost of a single fruit fly at “about $1 million”, and says it could be weeks before the saga wraps up.

On February 14, Devonport on Auckland’s North Shore was put into a fruit and vegetable lockdown after the discovery of a male Queensland fruit fly.

Since then, the Ministry for Primary Industries has allocated 60 staff, up from the original 55, to help with the search and the setting of traps.

The current insecticides are being used to control this menace. However besides being toxic and harmful insecticides kill the species. Repeated exposure to insecticides builds up resistance in insects, until finally the insecticide has little or no effect. Frequent insecticide applications make the problem worse.

C Tech Corporation offers a range of extremely low toxic and extremely low hazard insect aversive repellent, which can be successfully used to keep pesky creatures at bay. TermirepelTM can be easily described as an insect aversive repellent, used against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repel them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability.

TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated in agricultural films, mulches, grain bags, protective coverings, etc. during processing. TermirepelTM liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio can be applied to fencing and garbage bins.

TermirepelTM lacquer can be applied topically on the applications. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, RoHS3, EU BPR, NEA, REACH compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us if you are facing problems against these pesky little fruit flies and other insects also against rodents and other aggressive animals!

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Pest management in areas of restaurants

Pest control methods are essential to ensure high standards of food hygiene and good manufacturing practice. In restaurants, rats and mice are one of the most common type of pest you might find.

Rodents are familiar pests in foodservice environments because their three basic needs – water, food and shelter – can all be met in a restaurant setting.  Rodents, like humans, like to be comfortable.  So when the weather gets colder, they want a warm haven.  Since rodents will eat most of the same foods that people do, your restaurant can be just as appealing to a Norway rat as it is to your customers, and with none of the advertisements and marketing!

As scraps from restaurant dumpsters start to dwindle amid widespread closures, the rats are going to do whatever is necessary to find food and survive. Whatever is necessary.

Insects like cockroaches and ants and other pantry pests will feed on the leftover food or even the groceries in the kitchen.

Recent news reported was:

Chinese restaurant in Sligo Town forced to close over ‘rodent infestation’

The food safety inspector found ‘many black elongated rodent droppings’

By William Dunne Digital Journalist

9th April 2020

An Chinese restaurant in Ireland was forced to close after “evidence of rodent infestation” was spotted in a food storage area.

The food safety chiefs issued a closure order for China City in Sligo Town on March 2 after an inspection was carried out.

An inspector for the Food Safety Authority of Ireland made the decision on the basis that there is a “grave and immediate danger to public health” at the premises.

They said while evidence showed a pest control contractor had examined the premises, no previous reports had stated evidence of rodent infestation.

The HSE report said: “There was no adequate procedure to check the premises for evidence of rodents on a day to day basis.

“There was a pest control contractor employed and reports indicate that visits hod been carried out and reports state that there was no evidence of internal or external rodent infestation.”

It added: “On the date of inspection there was evidence of rodent infestation in the first floor store where chest freezers used to store food and some foodstuffs such as flour were stored.

More cockroaches found at Columbia Center mall restaurants

By Annette Cary

November 19, 2019

KENNEWICK, WA

Health inspectors found cockroaches at seven of 14 eateries it inspected at the Columbia Center mall in Kennewick this week.

However, only Bruchi’s CheeseSteaks and Subs rose to a level of concern that the Benton Franklin Health District requested that it close to address the infestation.

It is expected to have completed pest control and cleaning to reopen on Wednesday, after voluntarily closing on Monday, said Lars Richins, the food safety program supervisor for the health district.

For maintaining the hygiene and safety at your restaurant against the pesky rodents and insects we can help you by providing you with an eco-friendly solution which is RodrepelTMTermirepelTM, and CombirepelTM.

These products are manufactured by C Tech Corporation using green technology. The restaurants can be well protected by using these products. The products are a green technology product that does not kill the pest but only repels thus maintaining the ecological balance of the earth.

These products are available in four forms viz. Masterbatch, Liquid Concentrate, lacquer, and wood polish additive.

Masterbatch can be incorporated in the polymer-based applications while processing them. The polymer applications like wires, cables, pipes, polymer made kitchen equipment, etc. can be manufactured by using our masterbatch.

Liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in proper proportion and cover the entire area of infestation by paints. Lacquer can be directly used as a top coating over the application. The wood polish additive is also a topical application that can be mixed in the wood polish and applied on wooden surfaces.

Our newly developed product is in the form of a spray, called RodrepelTM rodent repellent spray TermirepelTM insect repellent sprayCombirepelTM pest repellent spray which are an easy to use product. The spray can be sprayed on infested areas and equipment that need protection from rodents.

Our product solutions do not interfere with the properties of the application and in plus point provides complete protection against the harmful pest like rats and mice and various insects.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com if you’re facing problems with pests and get the best remedies to combat this menace.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel