Formosan Subterranean Termites: Invasive and voracious species

When homeowners hear the word termite they often break into a sweat, and rightfully so. Termite damage can cost thousands of dollars. In some cases, homes are demolished because the termite damage is so extensive. Also, the damage by termites is typically not covered by homeowner’s insurance.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. residents spend at least $1 billion on Formosan termite control and repairs each year. Some experts estimate the number is closer to $2 billion.

The Formosan subterranean termite is an invasive species of termite.

The Formosan termite was described from Taiwan (Formosa) in the early 1900s, but is native to southern China.

They are found in many states across the southern U.S., including Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas. Smaller populations of Formosan termites have also been discovered as far north as the Canadian border.

A mature Formosan termite colony can eat about 31 grams or 1+ ounce per day. At this rate, such a colony could completely consume one foot of 2X4 wood in 25 days – causing severe structural damage to a home in as little as six months.

They commonly enter through expansion joints, cracks, crevices and utility conduits in slabs. Any wood-to-ground contact is an arrival invitation for Formosan subterranean termite infestations. In some occasions, however, Formosan subterranean termite can form colonies that are not connected to ground, called aerial colonies.

In addition to structures, Formosans infest living trees and shrubs, utility poles, landscape timbers, wooden railroad trusses and even boats. However, this termite is also known to attack non-cellulose materials such as plastic, plaster, asphalt, and thin sheets of soft metal (lead or copper) in search of food and moisture. They are also known to chew through the coverings of telephone and electric cable insulation, resulting in costly damage and power outages in cities.

Of course, termites cannot digest plastic, but Formosan subterranean termites will easily penetrate PVC plastic if it means reaching food. Not only have Formosan termites broken underground plastic water pipes, causing shut-downs in water service, but they have also destroyed electrical wires within PVC pipes, resulting in power outages.

In the city of New Orleans where this termite species was introduced in the 1950’s, the control and repair costs due to Formosan subterranean termite are estimated at $300 million annually (Suszkiw 1998). It is considered the single most economically important insect pest in the state of Hawaii.

Recent news reported are:

Destructive ‘super-termites’ discovered in La Mesa

‘Super-termites’ discovered in La Mesa

Amanda Brandeis, ABC10.com │August 13, 2018

SAN DIEGO (KGTV) – Homeowners in La Mesa are being warned their houses could be at risk of a destructive pest: Formosan subterranean termites.

San Diego-based company Thrasher Termite & Pest Control made the unfortunate discovery this month in a La Mesa home.

They’re deemed “super-termites” due to enormous colonies up to two million strong. The pests can cause significant structural damage within six months unlike traditional dry-wood termites, which take 10-15 years to do similar damage.

The invasive species of termites was first discovered in La Mesa in 1992. Efforts to eradicate the population were thought to be successful, but pest control experts say that’s no longer the case.

Aggressive termites invading Houston area, establishing new colonies in South

By Stephanie Whitfield, USA Today│ May 7, 2018

HOUSTON — Swarms of winged bugs are invading Houston-area neighborhoods from Fifth Ward to the suburb of Baytown, Texas.

The insects are an aggressive species called Formosan termites, and pest specialists don’t know how to eradicate all of them once they’ve established a colony in an area, University of Florida etymologists say.

“What you’re seeing are winged individuals that are the kids. They’re job is reproductive,” said Bryan Springer of Coastal Exterminating in the Houston suburb of La Porte. “They’re starting new colonies. They’re not expanding old colonies. They’re literally starting new colonies.”

When traditionally used methods to combat this nuisance have failed, an effective solution is the need of the hour.

C Tech Corporation can offer a solution to overcome the damage caused by termites. Termirepel™ – anti termite additive is an ideal solution for the prevention and control of termites.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low concern, low toxic, low hazard, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate, lacquer, and masterbatch.

Liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints and organic solvent in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the storage area, ceiling, panels exterior and interior of the homes, buildings, etc. as to be protected from termites.

Our product in the form of lacquer can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires which are already installed, etc.

Our product in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like pipes, wires, cables, polymeric tree guards, polymeric material, instruments and equipment’s which are attacked by termites. Termirepel™ can be incorporated during the extrusion of wires and cables making them pest repellent.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, BPR, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Mealybugs: A nuisance to plants

Often, we find the fruits and vegetable spoiled with white scales and spots. Where do these scales and spots come from?

Those are from the mealy bugs!

Mealybugs belong to the group of scale insects. They can be found all over the world, except in the Polar Regions. Mealybugs prefer warm, humid areas that provide enough food i.e. plants.

Mealybugs can reach 0.04 to 0.1 inches in length. Color of the body depends on the species. They can be white, gray, yellow, pink or purple colored. Mealybugs have oval, segmented body without a hard shell on the surface. Some species have tail-like structure at the end of the body or filaments which create the impression of numerous legs. Females are covered with white, cottony wax that is responsible for the mealy appearance, hence the name “mealybugs”. This layer prevents loss of water from their soft body. Males look like gnats. They have wings, but they lack mouth (they do not eat). Females and immature mealybugs are herbivores. They can be found on the bark, stem, leaves, flowers, and fruit.

Mealybugs use specially designed straw-like mouth apparatus called “stylets” for the extraction of sap from the plant tissue. Mealybugs release sugary liquid called honeydew which is the waste product of their diet. This liquid represents a suitable medium for the fungi which quickly spread on the surface of the host plant and prevent photosynthesis by blocking sunlight. Mealybugs reduce the amount of nutrients in the plant tissue and inject toxic saliva which prevents normal growth and development of plants. Some species of ants protect mealybugs against predators and use plant material and soil to construct shelters for them. In return, mealybugs secrete honeydew which represents an excellent source of food for ants. Green lacewings and ladybugs are natural enemies of mealybugs. Mealybugs can produce offspring all year round, with a peak during the spring and autumn, temperature and humidity are optimal during these periods of the year.

Females lay eggs or give birth to live babies, depending on the species of mealybug. Egg-laying females produce 200 to 600 eggs and wrap them in a waxy cocoon. Newly hatched mealybugs, better known as “crawlers”, emerge after 6 to 14 days. Mealybugs have incomplete metamorphosis (holometabolous insects). They undergo 4 (females) to 5 (males) larval stages before they reach adulthood. Parasitic wasps that lay eggs and hatch inside the young mealybugs are used as a biological weapon against these insects. Females can survive a few months, while males die as soon as they fertilize females.

They quickly reproduce and produce significant damage on the plants in the gardens and greenhouses and in the fields on commercially important crops such as pineapples, grapes, sugarcane, coffee, citrus, and orchids.

Prematurely dropping fruit and stunted plant growth may indicate the presence of the mealybug. This is a result of the mealybugs, in both the nymph and adult stages, sucking the juices of the plant and feeding on any tender young growth.

Mealybugs can be found on potatoes, fruit crops, ornamental plants, citrus plants and tropical plants. They are more common in warm, moist climates but they seem to be able to flourish in greenhouses in all regions.

Yellowing, withering and falling leaves, prematurely dropping fruit, and stunted plant growth may indicate the presence of the mealybug. This is a result of the mealybugs, in both the nymph and adult stages, sucking the juices of the plant and feeding on any tender young growth.

Leaves may wither and fall. Fruit that drops prematurely is inedible and unmarketable. Stunted plants will not be able to fully produce fruit or leaves. The honeydew left by the mealybugs may bring sooty mold fungus to the plant. Plants can die if the infestation is large.

Since the mealybug secretes a waxy substance that it uses to protect itself, its eggs, and the young nymphs, it is often difficult to find an effective chemical control that will penetrate the substance.

Below is the evidence of mealybug menace.

New Zealand mealybugs invading Britain and destroying gardens

By Henry Bodkin – 25 February 2017 – Telegraph

Many gardeners are plagued by mealybugs in their greenhouses, feasting on the roots of their prized plants.

But now the insects’ even hardier New Zealand relatives have invaded Britain, and they are leaving a trail of destruction in their wake.

Golden root mealybugs have already devastated two gardens in Scotland, with the owners understood to be so upset that they do not want their plight publicized.

Mealybug can destroy your citrus crop

By Gys Helm   2nd November 2017

All citrus farmers are acquainted with the mealybug. In recent years there has been a major increase in mealybug infestation in citrus due to several factors, including warmer winters.

In South Africa, producers plant quite a lot of citrus every year and this contributes to a monoculture system that creates a more favorable habitat for the pest. We have also been experiencing warmer winters in the northern regions, which led to more mealybugs surviving the winter months. The chemicals then used to combat other pests such as thrips, are detrimental to mealybug predators and parasites.

They also facilitate the spreading of various plant diseases. People use various chemical (pesticides and insecticide soaps) and biological (animals that feed on mealybugs) methods to eradicate them. Despite huge efforts, mealybugs are still numerous around the world.

The bugs can cause immense nuisance and hence a method to stop the nuisance is a must.

C Tech Corporation has a solution against leaf mealy bugs menace.

We, at C Tech Corporation, have thought about this problem in detail and have come up with a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™. We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco-balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repel them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth. Thus, this product can be easily used against mealybugs.

The product available in the form of masterbatch can be incorporated into the agricultural films and mulches, tree guards, other agricultural equipment, packaging films, polymeric pipes, wires, and cables, etc.

The product available in the form of lacquer can be applied to the tree trunks, metallic tree guards, wooden and metal fences around farms and garden, etc. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like metal, wood, concrete, ceramic, polymer etc.

The product available in the form of liquid concentrate can be mixed with the paints and can be applied to the concrete fences around farms and gardens, storage areas, etc.

Use our products to get effective results against nuisance caused by mealybugs.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Prevent damage to plants from whiteflies

This tiny little insect called whitefly in the picture alongside is amongst the several insects who have developed resistance to many pesticides.

These tiny creatures can seem pretty but can be a huge nuisance as well. They have four broad wings that are held roof-like over the body and covered with a white powdery wax. Whiteflies leave a sticky substance that appeals to ants attracting more insects to the infested area. Whiteflies produce honeydew that becomes food for black sooty mold.

Most species with a wingspan of less than 3 mm and a body length of 1 mm to 2mm.Some “giant whitefly” species exist, some of which may exceed 5 mm in size. The insects and their wings are variously marked or mottled according to species, and many species are covered with fine wax powder, giving most species a floury, dusted appearance. The female whitefly deposits 30 – 500 small, cigar-shaped, yellowish eggs during her lifetime. These are attached to the undersides of the leaves.

There are over 1,500 different kinds of whiteflies. Their white color is due to a white, mealy wax coating over their body. Whiteflies penetrate the food-conducting tissue of the plant and help themselves to the plants nutrient supply. The biggest problem about whiteflies is the viral diseases they carry such as tomato yellow leaf curl. They suck the sap from the phloem tissue of the leaf, feeding greedily on the plant juices for about 3 to 5 weeks, depending on temperature and species. Under most conditions generations overlap and all stages of the insect may be found infesting plants at any time. These insects can greatly impact agriculture and spread disease, affecting food production all around the world when they feed. While they will affect food, their presence will also influence the larger economy, costing farmers and consumers a lot of money by driving up food prices.

Viruses carried by whiteflies infect many important agricultural crops such as tomato, cotton, citrus, and beans. Ornamental plants attacked by whiteflies include Bradford pear, pomegranate, ficus, gardenia, hibiscus, banana, fushia, iris, gladiolius, lantana and many more.

The color yellow attracts whiteflies. Whiteflies feed by tapping into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva and decreasing the plants’ overall turgor pressure. Since whiteflies congregate in large numbers, susceptible plants can be quickly overwhelmed. Further harm is done by mold growth encouraged by the honeydew whiteflies secrete. This may also seriously impede the ability of farms to process cotton harvests.

The nuisance caused by the whiteflies is reported in the below news articles:

KARNATAKA: INVASION OF THE WHITEFLIES

Bangalore Mirror Bureau | Updated: Dec 9, 2017

Several parts of Kerala and coastal Karnataka have been affected by Rugose Spiraling Whitefly

Several coconut plants in the coastal region including Kerala have been affected by the invasive pest Rugose Spiralling Whitefly (Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin). This pest was first reported in India from Pollachi in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad in Kerala in July 2016.

Dr Vinayaka Hegde, Principal Scientist (Plant Pathology) and Head, Division of Crop Protection, ICAR- Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CRCRI), Kasargod in Kerala said, “Rugose spiralling whitefly (RSW) adults can be distinguished by their large size and the presence of a pair of irregular light brown bands across the wings. RSW was first described by Martin in 2004 from samples collected in Belize on coconut palm leaves and subsequently in Florida from Miami-Dade County in 2009.”

Tehran’s Whiteflies Again Out of Control

Thursday, September 14, 2017

Tehran’s whitefly population has got out of control once again, causing serious exasperation to residents.

Whiteflies have been a summertime nuisance for the past few years, Jamejam Online reported.

Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf, the former Tehran mayor, is widely blamed for the failure to implement effective measures during his tenure to control these insects.

The most noticeable move to address the problem so far has been the use of yellow sticky plastics on the barks of trees, which has apparently borne no fruit.

Spraying urban trees and bushes with pesticides in all seasons is reportedly the most effective way of curbing the problem.

However, Farideh Olad-Qobad, Tehran’s representative in the parliament, believes that the method has not been implemented at all this year or has been done haphazardly.

“All the measures taken by the municipality to tackle this problem have failed so far,” she said.

The above news articles clearly state the severity of the damage caused by the whiteflies and the ineffectiveness of the measures used to keep the whiteflies away. There is a need for an effective solution to keep these flies at a bay and such a solution is available with C Tech Corporation. 

Termirepel™ an anti-insect additive, a C Tech Corporation product is an ideal solution for the prevention and control of whitefly infestation. The masterbatch of Termirepel™ can be incorporated in agricultural films, irrigation tubes, wires, and cables, etc. and other polymeric appliances.

Termirepel™ liquid concentrate which can be mixed in paints and can be applied as a topical application near the areas of infestation. It can be applied on the concrete fences around farms and gardens. It can be used in the areas of storage used to store agricultural and garden produce.

While Termirepel™ lacquer can be used as a topical application which can be applied directly on a variety of surfaces. It can be applied to the tree trunks, metal fences, polymeric equipment etc.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low-toxic and extremely low-hazardous anti-insect additive. It is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil.

With our product, you can get an effective solution to combat the nuisance caused by different insects.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Termite damage to wires and cables.

The issue of electrical failure of cables due to termite attack has been recognized for over 100 years. Termites will rule the house and will force the resident to evacuate. Sometimes homeowner’s complaint of short circuits without any valid reason for such mess to occur. Several times we come across such a situation where the electric wires and cable are damaged badly by termites.

The termites are unaware of the use of cables and they feed on them by gnawing through electric cables and wire and thus causing damage to the wires and cables. The termites get easily attracted to those old electric wires which contain cellulosic material and these wires which are destroyed has the high possibility of short circuits and power failures and buildup of earthen material around power points. Termites use the electric boards to move from one place to another. If there is termite infestation behind a wall activity then it can prove to be shock or fire hazard.

The subterranean termites are the one which causes a huge amount of damage in electrical sockets; as they fill the sockets with the mud for protecting themselves from their predators. Any accidental contact with such wet sockets can be proving to be a hazard in the form of shock and short circuit.

When it comes to man-made structures such as buildings, termites have been estimated to cause approximately $30 billion in damages. The termites have the ability to produce 10000 new termites each year. This estimates out to be at least four termites each minute!

The evidence for termites damaging cables and wires,
Perth Hills bushfire class action claims power pole that started blaze was in a ‘deplorable’ state
By David Weber
Updated 16 Jul 2018, 3:33pm

A power pole was in a “deplorable” condition before it collapsed, sparking a bushfire in the Hills district which destroyed 57 homes in 2014, a Perth court has been told.

The residents’ lawyer, Lachlan Armstrong, QC, told the court the electricity pole was in a “deplorable” condition due to rot and termite damage, adding that a “modest gust of wind” was enough to cause it to fall.

Mr. Armstrong argued even though the pole was on private property, it was Western Power’s responsibility.

The court heard the pole should have been assessed by a specialist inspector when work was done in the area only two days before the massive bushfire.

10-year-old hospitalized after termite fumigation
By Sara Ganim, CNN
Updated 1839 GMT (0239 HKT) September 5, 2015

A 10-year-old boy is suffering from brain damage after a botched fumigation of his family’s Florida home, according to a family attorney.

Peyton McCaughey and his family fell ill shortly after a Terminix subcontractor, Sunland Pest Control, sprayed their Palm City home for termites on August 14, family attorney Bill Williams said.

The family immediately began feeling ill.

The boy’s uncle, Ed Gribben, told CNN that everyone was vomiting, and Peyton’s condition was even worse.

Gribben said Peyton had trouble standing and speaking, so the family took him to a local clinic where a doctor suspected poisoning from fumigation.

The child, who loves Minecraft and is known for his witty personality and athletic talent, has lost 90% of his motor skills.

He also lost function of his left arm and leg.

Using hazardous pesticides that have a detrimental effect on humans health can cause dangerous diseases like tumors, cancer, asthma etc. Also, the pesticides are not meant to be used with the polymeric applications like wires and cables. So instead of using outdated control measures, we can make use of our products which repels the pest.

In order to keep wires and cables safe from termites, an effective solution is required and for this, our product Termirepel™ manufactured by C Tech Corporation is an anti-insect aversive which repels insects.

Termirepel™ works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application.

The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

Termirepel™ is an extremely low toxic, extremely low hazardous, non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic insect aversive. It does not kill or cause harm to insects as well as to the environment which indirectly helps to maintain the ecological balance.

Termirepel™ is available in the form of the liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a predetermined ratio and be applied on the interior and exterior of the wall, kitchen area, dining area, pantry, can be painted on the equipment, mattresses, couches, ceilings and panels, laundry area.

Our product in the lacquer form can be applied topically to the applications. The lacquer is compatible with most of the surfaces like wood, concrete, metal, polymer, ceramic, cables, wires, wooden furniture.

Our product in the form of the masterbatch, which can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like polymeric tree guards, pipes, wires, cables, polymeric material, instruments and equipment which we use at home.

Our product in the form of a spray which can be used in kitchen and dining area, storage room, ceilings and panels, lavatory, already installed cables and wires and electronic installations.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:

http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:

1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:

1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel