Green way to combat against these pesky little criminals

Thrips are small enough that most of the time you won’t know they’re there, and the damage they inflict on plants is often confusing and can lead one to believe that something else is responsible. And often when I’m assessing a problematic plant and mention them, people will frown and ask, ‘What are thrips?’

Thrips are a minute less than 1mm, slender insects with fringed wings and unique asymmetrical mouthparts. Different thrips species feed mostly on plants by puncturing and sucking up the contents, although a few are predators.

Thrips primarily feed on new growth of leaves, flowers, and fruit, the damage they do is often caused before this new growth develops fully: flowers and leaves then open with distorted shapes, necrotic patches and streaks that can resemble disease, mechanical damage or nutrient deficiency. They can also feed on matured foliage, leaving behind silverish patches which in some species can become bronze-coloured or corky with time. Thrips are quite tiny, and when hidden deep in a flower bud or the like can be practically invisible. Knocking the plant part while holding it above a white sheet of paper will often dislodge a few and reveal their presence, and they do leave dark little globs of faeces near feeding damage as well.

The most obvious contribution that thrips make to their ecosystem is the damage they can cause during feeding. They feed on flowers, buds, under leaves, or other hidden areas of growing plant parts such as central terminals. This sneaky habit is what makes it hard to control them. Citrus thrips can occur on most fruit trees, California pepper trees, and pomegranate. That infestation is indicated by yellow to brownish scabby feeding scars that form on fruit, often in a ring around the citrus stem. 

The damage from flower thrips can be discoloration and stippling. The more common damage seen is the bleaching and stippling of leaves. The once green leaves take on a silvery appearance and when you turn the damaged leaf over you will notice the tiny black excrement specks. They look like tiny drops of oil. They fly only weakly and their feathery wings are unsuitable for conventional flight; instead, thrips exploit an unusual mechanism, clap, and fling, to create lift using an unsteady circulation pattern with transient vortices near the wings. They are capable of flight and also of being carried by the breeze due to their tiny size.

Thrips can also be a nuisance because of their small size. They are able to get into strange places like the inside of a picture frame or LCD television. Imagine the expense of taking your TV apart to extract a wayward thrip. And, to top it off, thrips can bite. The bite can create an irritating, itchy bump.

The main challenges are with their management by chemical means; as they reproduce so quickly, they are able to just as quickly develop resistance to insecticides, and thus this only offer a measure of control for a short time before they are useless.

Let us look at some evidence:

Coffee pest outbreak threatens Kenya’s yield

May 18th 2017, Standard digital
Coffee pest outbreak threatens Kenya’s yield.Kenya’s coffee output could be adversely affected following an outbreak of thrips in one of the most productive parts of Central Kenya.

The outbreak has hit all coffee-growing zones in Mwea East and Mwea West sub-counties due to what experts said were prolonged drought conditions under which the pest thrives best. Gitari Ndambiri from Kiamichiri village, whose 500 coffee trees have been attacked by the pest, said he had not appreciated the magnitude of the attack until recently. “Towards the end of March, I started noticing some leafs turning grey from underneath, but I did not get bothered since I thought it was due to the prevailing drought,” he said.

According to John Kimani, an industrial crops scientist, thrips have the capacity to obliterate entire crops if untamed.

He said coffee yields could drop by up to 5,000 metric tonnes per season unless farmers unless continuous spraying is done.

Georgia cotton growers having tough time with thrips

By Phillip Roberts, Georgia Extension Entomologist, Southeast farm press,May 31, 2013

Infestations vary across the state of Georgia, but as a whole, this has been a tough thrips year.  Cotton planted in late April and early May grew off slowly which exacerbated (made worse) plant injury symptoms associated with thrips feeding. Thrips numbers were only moderate during the first half of May but plant injury was severe in some areas.

Beginning late last week (about May 23), thrips numbers significantly increased in many areas. We normally expect the peak in thrips populations to occur earlier, but the peak appears to be later than normal.

As stated earlier some species of thrips feed on other insects or mites and are considered beneficial, while some feed on fungal spores or pollen. Hence they hold a lot of ecological importance in our ecosystem. In many thrips species, by the time their damage is observed, such as after buds open, the thrips may no longer be present. Thus instead of taking controlling remedies, one must look for effective preventive measures.

The main challenge is with their management by chemical means; as they reproduce so quickly, they are able to just as quickly develop resistance to insecticides, and thus this only offer a measure of control for a short time before they are useless. Irresponsible use of these chemicals by producers (failing to rotate chemicals, calendar spraying, and incorrect technique) have not helped the situation, and in fact, probably the most widespread of these beasts in Canadian ornamental horticulture, the western flower thrips, is now resistant to most chemical insecticides.

But before your despair causes you to throw your scarred old plants and crops, wait there is a hope.

At C Tech Corporation we offer a safe and effective solution to deal with these insects. TermirepelTM is a non-toxic, non-hazardous product that primarily repels insects from the application. The best feature of this product is that it is environmentally safe and causes no harm to insects as well as for humans.

TermirepelTM product is available in the form of the masterbatch, liquid concentrate, and lacquer. Termirepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous broad-spectrum insect aversive masterbatch which works not only against termites but a host of other insects.

TermirepelTM masterbatch can be incorporated into different kinds of agricultural films, tree guards, mulches, etc. and is found to be effective against the most aggressive insects.  These films can also be wrapped around fruits to prevent from damage.

The liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints in a pre-determined ratio and can be applied to the concrete fence around farms and garden. The liquid concentrate is compatible with all types of paints and solvents.

The lacquer can be used as a direct application and can be applied as a topical application on the wooden fences, already installed tree guards, pipes etc. to keep pest away from the trees.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

All this can be done by just repelling the insect and not killing them. Thus, following the course of ecological balance and sustainability.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

The leaf cutter ant

You definitely must have read about woodcutters, but have you heard of leaf cutter ants?!

Yes, leaf cutter ants!

They are known to cut down the leaves of the trees and carry those along to their nest. Interesting, aren’t they?!

Here’s more about them.
There are 47 species of leafcutter ants. Leafcutter ants are fairly large ants, and are reddish-brown in color. They have small spines on their backs.
Like all insects, a leafcutter ant’s body comprises three main parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. The head is where the mouth and sensory organs are found, the thorax is where the legs and wings are joined, and the abdomen houses the digestive and reproductive organs.

Leafcutter ants have two long antennae, and five eyes: two big, compound eyes on either side of their heads, and three simple eyes on the tops of their heads.
While it might seem like they’re vegetarians creating a massive salad bar inside their nests, they’re actually collecting those leaves to feed to their fungus gardens. It’s the fungus they grow from the decomposing leaves that’s their food. Yes, they need the leaves, but only in the way that we need fertilizer to grow our crops.

Leafcutter ant’s social structure is extremely complex with multiple chambers and passages. Leafcutter ant’s colonies can be up to 10 million ants strong, and they need space for all those ants plus their fungus gardens, nurseries, trash chambers and other chambers within their nest. Nests can be from 30m2 to 35m2 in area, and several meters deep, with up to 8,000 chambers and tunnels 70m long, depending on the species. The nest’s chambers are built at depths that provide a suitable temperature for their intended use.

Leafcutter ants are incredible workers, and it’s no wonder they’re considered a major crop pest. They are able to strip a tree of its foliage in less than 24 hours. And studies show that more than 17 percent of leaf production by plants surrounding a leaf-cutter ant colony goes straight into that big, fungus-growing nest. Each ant has a role to play in the colony such as workers and soldiers, and their size and physical appearance reflect what their job is within the colony. But a surprising role is that of a tiny protector. There are ants whose job it is to protect leaves from parasitic flies and wasps. These ants, called minim ants, ride on the leaves and pluck off any parasites that could cause disease or destruction if the parasite made its way into the ant colony.

The ant society actually consists of four main social levels, or ‘castes’: minims, minors, mediae, and majors. Minims, described earlier, mainly work inside the nest, tending to the fungus and ant larvae. Minors protect the foraging columns and also guard the nest. Mediae carry heavier loads back to the nest. Majors provide additional security when the nest is threatened. Some species of leafcutter ants remove waste material from the nest and take it to special areas; others have chambers within the nest to store waste.

When carrying loads back to the nest, minors are susceptible to attack from phorid flies. These flies are parasitic, and lay eggs on the heads of the ants. To prevent this, minims are known to ride on the larger ant’s back (or on the top of the leaf being carried), to fend off any attacks.

They are known to destruct essential trees by cutting down their leaves. Below is the evidence of the same:

Biggest colony of leafcutter ants in Britain has self-destructed – after they chewed through an electric power cable in their tank

By Sophie Jane Evans – Daily Mail Published: 22 May 2014

Britain’s biggest colony of leafcutter ants has self-destructed after chewing through a power cable in its tank.
More than a million of the tropical insects – who can carry 20 times their weight in their jaws – had been living at Butterfly World near St Albans, Hertfordshire.
They were dominated by a giant queen ant, the size of a small mouse, who was protected by an inner circle of soldier ants.
But in recent weeks, some of the ants had started nibbling on a power lead in their glass cabinet, which was linked to a water tank regulating their temperature.

C Tech Corporation has a solution to leaf-cutter ant’s menace.
We, at C Tech Corporation, a viable solution. The solution is named as Termirepel™. We are the sole manufacturers of the product Termirepel™.

Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco-balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as insect aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellency. It means that it does not kill the target insects but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability.

The product available in the form of masterbatch can be incorporated into the polymeric applications like the agricultural films and mulches, tree guards, and other horticultural equipment.

The liquid concentrate can be mixed in paints in a pre-determined ratio and can be applied on the concrete fences around trees.

The product available in the form of lacquer can be applied on the trunks of the trees. The lacquer can be used on already installed polymeric tree guards.

Termirepel™ is thermally stable and does not degrade on exposure to heat and sunlight. It does not kill or harm the insect but repels them. It does not volatilize and does not degrade the soil. It is RoHS, RoHS2, ISO, REACH, APVMA, NEA compliant and FIFRA exempted.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel

Wasps the virulent insects!

One can easily get attracted to the membranous wings of these tiny wasps.

But these attractive insects possess a protective tool i.e. STING which is so lethal that no one should have imagined its consequences!

Yes the sting is lethal and for proving the statement let’s go through the following evidence:

Wasp Bite Gives Man a Heart Attack

By Cari Nierenberg, Live Science Contributor | September 22, 2017 03:18pm ET

A sting from a yellow jacket is typically a minor annoyance, but a wasp bite turned into a major medical problem for a 45-year-old British man:

In this man’s case, he was stung by a yellow jacket on his left arm as he got into his van. Minutes later, he began to feel dizzy and itchy all over, and a rash appeared on his body, according to the case report.

The man’s left hand began to feel heavy and achy, and hours later, this pain became more frequent and spread to his left arm, shoulder and back. He called for an ambulance, and on the ride to the hospital, he suffered a heart attack, the case report said.

Wasp stings responsible for three deaths in Manitoba

By:  Alexandra Paul, Winniepeg Free Press, Posted: 09/7/2017 11:41 AM

The city’s former entomologist is urging Winnipeggers to take precautions after three Manitobans died this summer after being stung by wasps.

The three deaths, including at least one in Winnipeg, were rare, said Taz Stuart, now the entomologist and director of technical operations at Poulin’s Pest Control.

The Chief Medical Examiner’s Office released data Thursday detailing deaths from any kind of bee, hornet or wasp. There have only been a handful of similar reports in the last 15 years.

By knowing the consequences we can think how deadliest it can be if one gets attacked by these yellowjackets!!

Firstly before we see what are the preventive measures to be taken against the sting of these tiny insects let’s get introduced to them.

WASPS with zoological name Vespula germanica are also commonly known as yellowjackets and hornets. Wasps vary tremendously depending on species. Most have two pairs of wings and a pinched waist. They range in colors from black to metallic greens and blues and vary in size from almost microscopic to several centimeters long. Wasps are a successful and diverse group of insects with tens of thousands of described species; wasps have spread to all parts of the world except for the Polar Regions.

They are categorized as social or solitary. Social wasps live in colonies consisting of hundreds or thousands of more-or-less sterile female workers and their much larger mother, the egg-laying queen. The colonies are set up in a nest built by the wasp workers. The nests are constructed from wood fibers collected and then mixed with water. The nests are very strong and long-lasting structures.

Some wasps are predatory, while others are parasitic. Predatory wasps kill and consume other insects as well as other animals which they often feed to their larvae. Parasitic wasps typically lay their eggs in the bodies of living creatures like caterpillars or spiders. The larvae feed on the still-living host. Wasps can assist in the management of other pests, particularly in agriculture as biological control agents. Many wasps also feed on nectar from flowers and therefore function as pollinators. Wasps play a variety of roles in the environments such as pollinators, parasitoids, parasites, predators etc. Wasps are also just important in the environment. Social wasps being predators play a vital ecological role, controlling the numbers of potential pests like greenfly and many caterpillars.

Though wasps are important for the environment they are considered as pests and voracious species. People often get stung in summer when the wasp colonies stop breeding new workers. The workers then go in search of food and then come in contact with humans. If a human gets stung by a wasp, he can suffer pain and may also suffer from life-threatening anaphylactic shock.

Hence to prevent these deadliest stingy wasps get an eco-friendly solution provided by C Tech Corporation.

TermirepelTM is an extremely low toxic, non-hazardous, non-mutagenic and non-carcinogenic anti-insect aversive.

TermirepelTM is developed on green technology and chemistry. It is effective against a broad spectrum of insects such as wasps, whiteflies, termites, beetles etc.

Our product works on the mechanism of repellency. It temporarily inhibits the mating cycle of the insects. The product impairs the ability of the insects to reproduce, that is the insects will not lay eggs or the laid eggs will be infertile. The product causes feeding disruption in an insect by triggering an unpleasant reaction within the insect which might try to feed on the application. The product temporarily blocks the reproduction system of the insects by hindering the release of the vital hormones for growth.

TermirepelTM is available in the form of the masterbatch, liquid concentrate, and lacquer.

Masterbatch can be incorporated into polymers while processing them. Cables, pipes, agricultural films, mulches, irrigation pipes etc. can be manufactured using masterbatch.

The liquid concentrate is to be mixed with paints in a proper ratio and can be applied on the interior and exterior of houses, schools, hospitals, warehouses, etc. to keep the wasps out of these places.

While lacquer is a direct topical application which can be applied directly to the already installed applications like cables, pipes, metal decors, furniture, wooden articles etc. Since the wasps build the nest in the areas like roof spaces, plywood built spaces, eaves, ceilings etc. places we need to repel them from such places.

Hence to repel them we C Tech Corporation suggest you apply our product TermirepelTM. Our lacquer form product can be applied on wooden applications to which the wasps are attracted the most.

TermirepelTM is the best protection against the aggressive and voracious wasps.

Contact us at  technical.marketing@ctechcorporation.com to keep the pests away.

Also, visit our websites:
http://www.ctechcorporation.com/
http://www.rodrepel.com/
http://www.termirepel.com/
http://www.combirepel.com/

Follow our Facebook pages at:
1] https://www.facebook.com/Combirepel-411710912249274/
2] https://www.facebook.com/Termirepel-104225413091251/
3] https://www.facebook.com/Rodrepel-120734974768048/

Follow us on our Twitter pages at:
1] https://twitter.com/rodrepel
2] https://twitter.com/termirepel
3] https://twitter.com/combirepel