Stink bug feast on your food.

The brown marmorated stink bug is considered to be an agricultural pest. It feeds on a wide variety of host plants. Fruits attacked include apples, peaches, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons. This true bug has also been reported on many ornamental plants, weeds, soybeans and beans for human consumption.

This insect is becoming an important agricultural pest all around the world.

In 2010, it produced severe losses in some apple and peach orchards by damaging peaches and apples.  It also has been found feeding on blackberry, sweet corn, field corn and soybeans.  In has also been observed damaging tomatoes, lima beans and green peppers.

Physical damage to fruit includes pitting and scarring, sometimes leading to a mealy texture. This injury makes the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product and in severe cases can even render the crop unusable for processed products.

The brown marmorated stink bug also feeds on leaves, and a characteristic symptom of leaf injury is stippled areas approximately 1/8 inch in diameter around feeding sites. In addition to physical damage, wounds caused by feeding can provide an entryway for disease to attack the host fruit or plant.

In field crops, damage caused by brown marmorated stink bug is not usually evident immediately upon visual inspection. For instance, in corn the stink bugs feed through the husk, piercing kernels and sucking out the juice resulting in shriveled kernels. Stink bug feeding in soybeans is similar to corn, where the bugs pierce the pods and suck juices out of the seeds. One visual symptom of brown marmorated stink bug feeding in soybeans is referred to as the “stay green” effect, where injured soybean plants stay green later into the season while other plants in the field senesce as usual.

This species has a single generation per year depending on the temperatures. Warm spring and summer conditions could permit the development of two or three generations.  However, in parts of sub-tropical China, records indicate from four to possibly six generations per year. Adults will emerge sometime in the spring of the year (late April to mid-May), and mate and deposit eggs from May through August. The eggs hatch into small black and red nymphs that go through five molts. Adults begin to search for overwintering sites starting in September through the first half of October.

These insects can produce allergic reactions like rhinitis or conjunctivitis in some individuals who are sensitive to the bugs odor. These chemicals are produced by dorsal scent glands.  Additionally, if the insects are crushed or smashed against exposed skin they have been reported to produce dermatitis at the point of contact. This is particularly important for agricultural workers picking fruits and vegetables.

They not only affect the agriculture but also try to enter the living areas of the home Typically, stink bugs will emerge from cracks, under or behind baseboards, around window and door trim, and around exhaust fans or lights in ceilings.

Managing this pest species is challenging because there are currently few effective pesticides that are labeled for use against them

It is also not advisable to use insecticide against these bugs as they directly attack the crop. The insecticides are highly toxic and can damage the nervous system of a human being.

Hence me need more ecofriendly solution to combat the menace caused by stinky bugs.

Let us have a look at the menace caused by these species on agriculture.

Stink Bugs on the Move in Soybeans

August 4, 2017

According to the article published in agweb.com by Ms. Brooks-Director at Farm Journal Media.

“In 2016 a number of farmers had significant stink bug damage but didn’t realize it until harvest, when they discovered shriveled, blasted seeds,” Tilmon and Michel report in the latest issue of C.O.R.N. newsletter. “Both nymphs and adults feed on the developing seed by using their piercing/sucking mouthparts to poke through the pod. Seed that is fed upon will take a flat or shriveled appearance.”

There are several species of stink bugs that can be found in soybean, including the green, the brown, the red-shouldered and the brown marmorated stink bug.

The heaviest populations of stink bug are usually found in the Eastern Corn Belt, particularly in the mid-Atlantic region, but the BMSB is increasingly found in the central U.S.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension entomologists are encouraging soybean farmers in the state to scout for stink bug this season. “Planting dates were late in many areas and cool weather has slowed plant growth, leading to delayed maturity in many areas. These late maturing crops may remain vulnerable to pest injury longer than usual,” they write in the online newsletter Cropwatch.

Ohio’s Tilmon and Michel write that seed damage can be prevented by scouting and treatment at appropriate threshold levels:

“Most insecticides labeled for soybean include stink bugs on the label, and most are adequately effective.  Keep in mind it is easier to kill immatures than adults.  To sample for stink bugs, take multiple 10-sweep samples with a sweep net in multiple locations throughout the field. Average the number of stink bugs in the 10-sweep samples. The threshold to treat is four or more stink bugs. If soybeans are being grown for seed, the threshold can be dropped to two or more stink bugs.”

Stink bugs pose increasing threat in Midwest

July 03, 2017

This news article was published by Ms. Atyeo in tristateneighbor.com.

Stink bugs are a pest South Dakota corn growers might not be accustomed to checking for, but they’re becoming a greater threat in northern states, and they can harm corn early in the season and move on before you know it.

The bugs are named for the musty smell they make when crushed. There are some species native to the Midwest, but it’s the brown marmorated stink bug that has been moving in from southern states that poses a bigger threat to corn and soybean crops.

The brown marmorated stink bug was found for the first time last year by Minnesota observers. Jami Loecker is an agronomist with Syngenta in eastern Kansas.

“In the Midwest, it’s kind of been an overlooked issue,” she said. “No doubt it’s increasing. ”Even the native bugs – the green, brown and one-spotted stink bugs – are a threat as their populations increase. The conditions are right this year for bugs to thrive because a mild winter allowed more to survive.

In harvest time revealed an abundance of stink bug damaged soybean samples, according to Dr. Kelley Tilmon, extension pest specialist. “It’s not just a southern problem anymore,” Loecker said.

Stink bugs can be a threat to corn from the time it emerges through its reproductive stages, with later season injury being particularity detrimental. The bugs pierce the plant with their mouths and insert an enzyme to pre-digest it.

“They’re robbing the plant of what it needs to live effectively and produce yield,” Loecker said.

Not only are they feeding on the crop, but the injury also gives diseases a spot to attack. Soybeans are most at risk during pod development. Stink bugs like to feed on the pod and seeds. Soybeans with stink bug damage produce small, shrunken seeds.

Stink bug damage in corn is usually overlooked, especially early in the season, Loecker said.

The bugs feed on the outside of the leaves as they are unfurling. The damage looks like small holes across corn leaf. It may also feed on the whorl. Later, they feed on the ear

“It’s really important we inform ourselves,” she said recently. “They’re robbing yields that we don’t even know about.”

To combat this nuisance we need to find ways that are ecofriendly and sustainable.

The solution to this is with CTech Corporation.

Taking into mind the problems faced by the farmers CTech Corporation has developed this unique product Termirepel™ that is been made from green technology. It is 100% ecofriendly, non-hazardous and non-toxic. It is  also an environmentally safe insect repellent.

It can repel more than 500 species of insects on account of it being a broad spectrum anti-insect repellent. The most striking feature of Termirepel™ is that it neither kills the target species, nor the non-target species. It will simply keep the insects away from the application. This product is available in masterbatch and lacquer form, and as a liquid solution. Termirepel™ can be added in mulches or incorporated in agricultural bags and films, which could be used to keep our fields safe and guarded against the pesky Stink bugs!!!!

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Who’s that in the leopard skin?

The giant leopard moth or eyed tiger moth(Hypercompe scribonia) is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is distributed throughout the Americas from southern Ontario, and southern and eastern United States through New England, Mexico and down to Panama. The obsolete name Ecpantheria scribonia is still occasionally encountered.

The Giant Leopard Moth caterpillar spends the winter in a state of hibernation, although in more temperate parts of its range it may wake temporarily on mild days for a mid-winter snack. When spring arrives, Giant Leopard Moth caterpillars become active again and feed heavily until the optimal size is reached, at which time each larva shucks off its spiny exoskeleton one more time and makes a pupa. The adult metamorphoses therein and emerges after only a few weeks; thus, the cycle begins again for the Giant Leopard Moth.

This species has a wingspan of 76 mm (3 in). Wings have a stark white base on which black color rings are visible. The wings of this moth are bright white with a pattern of neat black blotches, some solid and some hollow. The spots on the forewings of adult giant leopard moths may serve as disruptive coloration to make them less conspicuous to predators  The over the side of the abdomen is dark blue with orange markings, while the underside is white with solid black spots, and males have a narrow yellow line on the sides. Its legs have black and white bands. Adult moths are strictly nocturnal and do not generally fly before nightfall.

Adult giant leopard moths have ears, probably to detect the echolocation sonar of hunting bats allowing them to take evasive action. The ears are located immediately behind the bases of the hind wings.  This species has a notable sexual dimorphism in size, the adult male reaching about 51 mm (2 in) in length, while the adult female grows up to 30 mm (1.2 in). Males have borders around the sides of its body and black legs comprise white markings on them. The adults fly during at night but can sometimes be seen resting during the day on tree trunks. The adults are incapable of feeding.

Unfortunately, giant leopard moths don’t live very long as they don’t have mouthparts and don’t eat during this stage of their lives. As moths, they basically exist just to lay eggs before passing away. It is because of this short lifespan and its nocturnal habits that many insect enthusiasts rarely catch a glimpse of this moth, making the discovery and/or capture of one a pretty big deal for bug lovers.

Giant moth found crawling inside a bag of ‘fresh and washed’ Woolworths spinach

By Alisha Buaya For Daily Mail Australia, PublisheD: 17 November 2016
A customer has found a huge moth crawling inside a bag of spinach.

Woolworths customer Josh Dan found a large moth inside a 120g bag of ‘fresh and washed’ spinach.

He wrote a post to the supermarket’s Facebook page and shared a video showing the bug moving around in the bag.
‘Check out what I found in a bag of spinach I just purchased,’ he wrote.

‘I’ve been disappointed with your “fresh” produce before, but this is taking it a bit far.
The supermarket responded to the customer’s post via private message.

A Woolworths spokesperson told Daily Mail Australia: ‘We take all customer concerns seriously and are investigating the issue.’

Earlier this year a Sydney woman found a live huntsman spider in a bag of Woolworths Italian salad mix.

Freeze moths out of your life: They got her clothes, her carpets, and her curtains… but then author Raffaella Barker got rid of her pests

By Raffaela Barker For The Daily Mail Published:  21 May 2017
No cloth, no cashmere, no carpet is safe from the stealth missile that is the pale-backed clothes moth.

This I found out a few weeks ago, when, humming a little, I went to unwrap my summer wardrobe from its winter home.

Opening the door to our spare bedroom, not much stirred at first. But as I stepped past the bed, a flutter of wings spiraled up from the floor — a single harbinger of the doom that I was still oblivious to.

 
Such a huge nuisance of this tiny species cannot be neglected. The pesticides and insecticides are proven to be ineffective against them. However, these methods are hazardous methods causing harm to targeted and non-targeted species.

 
CTech Corporation can offer an eco-friendly solution to problems from moths. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our product work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keeps the pests away from the application. The unpleasant experience with our products is imprinted within animal’s memory and passed on its progeny.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be diluted in paints as well as available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied on the application. Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology-based product can protect the crop and indirectly against huge economic loss.

 

 

Insects that prey on your log home

Termites are one of the deadliest pests that can damage your household furniture. Your log home is a very tempting morsel for any number of damaging insects who will make it their home and their food source if allowed to do so. A whole host of troublesome insects that prey on your log home are out there and unless you know what to look for and know how to treat any invasions, your home’s value and structural integrity can be at stake. Being proactive is the name of the game since seasoned wood, dry wood, and wet wood and, of course, rotting wood are all potential targets for creeping, crawling, flying things.

Common bugs that infest log homes include beetles, borers, carpenter bee larvae and termites. Some pests, like bark beetles and round- and flatheaded borers, are already in the wood when harvested and can emerge up to three years or more after the home is built. 

The main source of nutrients in the diet of termites is cellulose. A complex sugar molecule and the main component of plant cell walls, cellulose gives wood structural strength. Termites use mandibles to tear off tiny chunks of wood to ingest and store in the gut. Incapable of breaking down cellulose without aid, termites benefit from a symbiotic relationship with various species of protozoa and microorganisms which live in the stomachs of the termites. Once the cellulose is broken down and digested, the resulting biomass (a substance known as humus) helps replenish the fertility of the soil. Wood already in the process of decay due to the presence of fungi produces an odor that is attractive to termites.

Though termites most commonly consume wood, any kind of plant matter supplies the pests with appropriate nourishment. The diet of a termite includes roots, mulch, paper, cardboard, cotton, burlap, and the occasional fruit or nut. Additionally, termites require large amounts of moisture, and soil is the main water source. Consequently, subterranean termites often invade homes and other buildings from the base of the structure where soil is plentiful. As the pests tunnel and explore a building, defective plumbing, leaky roofs, leaky air conditioning systems, and poorly maintained gutters provide the necessary moisture for the continued survival of termites.

 Inn Harmony: Hidden log house becomes a sweet rehab

August 26, 2017, Pittsburgh

Dennis Lapic had no clue what he’d do with the dilapidated, aluminum-sided house in Ambridge when he purchased it from an elderly neighbor in the mid-1990s. Mr. Lapic got started, and quickly discovered bad news: Termites had chewed their way through two sides of the house. The floors slumped in some places and bulged in others. To repair the damage, the house had to be jacked up 16 inches. Mr. Lapic got started, and quickly discovered bad news: Termites had chewed their way through two sides of the house. The floors slumped in some places and bulged in others. To repair the damage, the house had to be jacked up 16 inches.

Family’s dream home turns into termite-infested nightmare

Jul 20th 2017, U.S. News

Williams and her parents came across a spacious house tucked away in a quiet Cordova neighborhood complete with its own Jacuzzi; they thought they had found the perfect home. Williams and her parents didn’t notice about the house when they started renting it in March 2016 that they say caused all the headaches that and frequent nosebleeds along with unexplained itchy, red bumps covering Williams’ body had her in and out of the hospital, she claims. Her parents said they finally realized what was causing all of their daughter’s health issues: black mold throughout their home they say was painted and caulked over, along with termites they say were leaving bites on their daughter. The Williams ended up throwing out a lot of their furniture to get rid of the termites and moved to a new home.

So for this particular problem, we, at C Tech Corporation have come up with a viable solution.

Termirepel™ is an aversive for termites and insects. It is non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly repellent which works even against the most aggressive insects.

Termirepel™ which is an anti-termite has been designed for polymeric applications as well as for natural materials like wood. It combines the best of chemistry and green practices to give an environmentally safe product which keeps the termites away effectively while at the same time guaranteeing safety to the environment, plants, animals and fragile ecosystems.

TermirepelTM is available in the form of Masterbatch, liquid concentrate and lacquer solution. Termirepel Lacquer can be applied as a top coat over the wooden objects and furniture to protect them from log home damage.

 

Crops under attack by white flies!

Agriculture is the backbone of the economic sector of country. Also agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. Agriculture sector provides us with one of the basic requirement of life i.e. food. Hence the damage caused to this sector directly or indirectly affects each sector of country.

Recently a new threat to this sector is of white flies. White flies, the tiny creatures with a wingspan of less than 3 mm and a body length of 1 mm to 2 mm. More than 1550 species of white flies have been described which typically feed on the undersides of plant leaves. In warm or tropical climates and especially in greenhouses, whiteflies present major problems in crop protection. Worldwide economic losses are estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars annually.

Whiteflies feed by tapping into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva and decreasing the plants’ overall turgor pressure. Since whiteflies congregate in large numbers, susceptible plants can be quickly overwhelmed. Further harm is done by mold growth encouraged by the honeydew whiteflies secrete. This may also seriously impede the ability of farms to process cotton harvests.

Cotton crops are called as the cash crops and they are severely attacked by the white flies. Following are the evidences for the same.

Whitefly affects a fraction of cotton crops: Punjab govt.

24 Aug, 2017
Merely 18.1 hectares of land under cotton cultivation out of the total area of 3.82 lakh hectares has been affected by whitefly pest in Punjab, as per a report formulated by the agriculture department of the state.

In Bathinda, only 3.6 hectares of area was affected out of the total area of 1, 40,000 hectares, while only 10.2 hectares was infested by pest in Mansa out of the total area of 86,010 hectares, as per the report.

In Sri Muktsar Sahib, the total area under cotton cultivation was 64,608 hectares and only 1.6 hectares was affected, whereas Fazilka reported damage to 2 per cent of the land out of 74,655 hectares. In Barnala, merely 0.7 per cent of the land out 5,460 hectares was infested by whitefly. Infestation was not seen in Faridkot, Moga and Sangrur.

India’s cotton yield to decline on whitefly, pink bollworm attacks

From north to west, farmers seek protection from pest attacks to improve productivity

Dilip Kumar Jha  | Mumbai Last Updated at August 10, 2017 01:01 IST

In a major disappointment for new entrant farmers, cotton crop has come under severe pest and bollworm attacks in major producing states, which is sparking fears of a sharp decline in India’s fibre productivity this Kharif season.

While a substantial cotton area came under whitefly attack in Punjab and Haryana, pink bollworm was reported to have attacked standing crop in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. Consequently, analysts have started revising estimates of cotton output growth for the current season to 4-5 per cent now from 10 per cent earlier on a sharp increase in acreage.

Acting immediately to avoid farmers’ menace, the government of Maharashtra, according to sources, has ordered seed firms to pay a compensation of Rs 36, 83,000 to farmers in the state.

Whitefly Alert

Posted on July 6, 2017 by Phillip Roberts

Silver leaf whitefly (SLWF) infestations are being observed in cotton in parts of Georgia.  Historically SLWF is a localized pest, requiring management in a relatively small geographic area.  High populations of SLWF were observed during the fall of 2016 and the mild winter resulted in higher than normal populations surviving the winter.

It is likely that timely intervention with SLWF insecticides will be needed in areas which have experienced SLWF in previous years (all fields are at risk, not just late planted as in most years) and perhaps areas which have rarely observed SLWF will be infested in 2017. On cotton during the summer, SLWF complete a generation in about 2 weeks.

Such a huge nuisance of this tiny species to the agriculture sector cannot be neglected. The pesticides and insecticides are proven to be ineffective against them. However these methods are hazardous methods causing harm to other non-targeted species as well as to the crops.

CTech Corporation can offer an ecofriendly solution to this problem. Our product TermirepelTM is low-toxic, non-hazardous and insect aversive. Our product work on the mechanism of repellence and they do not harm or kill the target species but generate fear or trigger temporary discomfort within the pests that keeps the pests away from the application. The unpleasant experience with our products is imprinted within animal’s memory and passed on its progeny.

TermirepelTM is available in liquid concentrate which can be diluted in paints as well as available in lacquer form. These products can be directly sprayed or applied on the application. Our product is compliant with RoHS, RoHS2, and REACH and is FIFRA exempted. The green technology based product can protect the crop and indirectly against huge economic loss.

 

Cockroaches: Invincible under control.

Cockroaches have been around for millions of years, evolving into some of the most adaptable pests on Earth. There are approximately 4,000 living species of cockroaches in the world. They are pests because of their filthy habits and bad smell. Cockroaches are commonly found in buildings and homes because they prefer warm environments close to food and water. Unfortunately, cockroaches can cause allergies and trigger asthma attacks, especially in children. They can also spread nearly 33 different kinds of bacteria.

Cockroaches are insects, flattened from top to bottom, usually with two pairs of wings folded flat over the back. Most species rarely fly but they walk very fast. The color usually varies from light brown to black. The species vary from 2-3mm to over 80mm in length. There over 3500 identified species of Cockroaches. Pest cockroaches live in close association with people. They are tropical in origin but in the temperate zones most species live in parts of houses and other buildings where warmth, moisture and food are adequate. Cockroaches usually live in groups. They are mostly active at night; in the daytime they hide in cracks and crevices in walls, door frames and furniture, and in secure places in bathrooms, cupboards, steam tunnels, animal houses, basements, televisions, radios and other electric devices, drains and sewer systems. If the lights are turned on in an infested kitchen at night the cockroaches will run from dishes, utensils, working surfaces and the floor towards shelter.

Cockroaches eat a great variety of food, including all food used for human consumption. They prefer starchy and sugary materials. They sip milk and nibble at cheese, meats, pastry, grain products, sugar and sweet chocolate. They also feed on cardboard, book bindings, ceiling boards containing starch, the sized inner lining of shoe soles, their own cast-off skins, dead and crippled cockroaches, fresh and dried blood, excrement, sputum, and the finger nails and toe nails of babies ,sleeping or sick persons.

Cockroaches are important pests because they spread filth and ruin food, fabrics and book-bindings. They disgorge portions of their partially digested food at intervals and drop faeces. They also discharge a nauseous secretion both from their mouths and from glands opening on the body which give a long-lasting, offensive cockroach smell to areas or food visited by them.

Cockroaches move freely from building to building or from drains, gardens, sewers and latrines to human habitations. Because they feed on human faeces as well as human food they can spread germs that cause disease .Cockroaches are not usually the most important cause of a disease, but like house flies they do play a supplementary role in the spread of some diseases. They are proven or suspected carriers of the organisms causing: diarrhoea , dysentery, cholera ,leprosy, plague , typhoid fever ,viral diseases such as poliomyelitis. In addition they carry the eggs of parasitic worms and may cause allergic reactions, including dermatitis, itching, swelling of the eyelids and more serious respiratory conditions.

Let us take a look at the below news article

Man orders a cappuccino, gets a side of cockroach

August 12, 2017

A Manhattan man claims in a lawsuit his cappuccino at a swanky Upper East Side steakhouse came with a nasty addition: a large cockroach.The insect was a nightmarish way to end a meal at The Arlington Club, where dinners can easily hit the $500 mark, said Steven Fleming, who brought friends to the eatery in April.His pals were interested in opening a restaurant, so Fleming wanted to show them the place launched by star chef Laurent Tourondel in 2012.They chowed down on salad, steak, and a glass of wine before ordering dessert and coffee, he said.

“I took a sip of my cappuccino, I felt something disgusting in my throat, and then something crunchy,” Fleming, 43, told The Post. “And then I spit it out and I was like, ‘Oh my God.’”

Fleming, who is now suing The Arlington Club in Manhattan Supreme Court, snapped a couple of pictures before running outside to vomit on Lexington Avenue, he said.

He claims he then spent 12 hours in the emergency room with a variety of symptoms, including nausea and high blood pressure.

“We want to make sure we hold this restaurant accountable, and that this doesn’t happen to anyone else,” said his lawyer, Michael Joseph. “For the prices they’re charging the very least they could do is make sure the customers don’t have bugs in their food. We think New Yorkers deserve better.”

Fleming, who runs the executive search firm Wall Street Options, said the incident “really grossed me out.”

“On the surface, it looks like a very nice place,” he said. “I thought this would be a good example of something relatively trendy and with above average food. … I’ve been going to restaurants for 20 years in New York City and nothing like this has ever happened to me.”

A manager at The Arlington Club, where Tourondel is no longer the chef, declined comment, adding he was unaware of the lawsuit.

The best product to combat the cockroach problem is Termirepel™, a product of C Tech Corporation.Our company believes in the principles of sustainability and eco balance. We do not want to imbalance the cycle of life; therefore Termirepel™ can be easily described as termite aversive, used also against all types of insects and which works on the mechanism of repellence. It means that it does not kill the target species but only repels them, thus balancing the ecology and helping in maintaining the goal of sustainability. This product can be easily used against cockroaches. It can be used in terms of lacquer as well as liquid form. It can be coated on the end applications and thus cockroaches can be kept away from homes, buildings and other public places.